Secondary Storage Device-TeraByte Disc
The optical disc revolution started with CDs and then moved on to DVDs, and we'rein the midst of the next-gen battle between HD DVD and Blu-ray. Since the birth of the CD 25 years ago, we've gone from 600MB to a whopping 50GB of storagecapacity on these little, convenient and versatile discs. But for those who desire morespace on a highly portable medium, new
from a company called Mempilein Jerusalem promises to blow these limits away. The company claims that they canstore up to 1TB (1,000GB) on an optical disc with the same dimensions
than a regular DVD and will be able to store 5TB once the jump toblue lasers is made. The 1TB disc is divided into 200 different layers, eachcomprising 5GB of storage space. Unlike standard multilayer DVDs, the layers aren'tphysically stacked and stuck together. The Mempile discs are solid and use a speciallydeveloped variant of the polymer polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)
a mixture of Perspex, Lucite, and Plexiglass
known as ePMMA. It's this polymer that gives thediscs a distinctive yellow color. When recording data to the disc, the laser focuses onone of the virtual layers and, using a photochemical reaction, modifies only a part of the plastic to represent a "1" or leaves it alone to represent a "0". This approach usesthree dimensions in the polymer to store data rather than the two dimensions used byDVD. The technology is currently limited to WORM (write once, read many)although the company hopes to have read/write drives available in the future.
Optical media - such as the compact disk (
media that hold contentin
form and that are written and read by a
;these media include all thevarious CD and
variations, as well as optical jukeboxes and autochangers.Optical media have a number of advantages over magnetic media such as the
disk. Optical disk capacity ranges up to 6 gigabytes; that's 6 billion bytes compared tothe 1.44 megabytes (MB) - 1,440,000 bytes - of the floppy. One optical disk holdsabout the equivalent of 500 floppies worth of data. Durability is another feature of
optical media; they last up to seven times as long as traditional storage media.