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Applied Microbiology Nutrition and Growth.2641

Applied Microbiology Nutrition and Growth.2641

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Published by netman_24

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Published by: netman_24 on Dec 08, 2008
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05/09/2014

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11
Applied MicrobiologyApplied Microbiology
66
thth
lecture: Chapter 7lecture: Chapter 7
 
22
Nutrition and GrowthNutrition and Growth
nutritionnutrition
– process by which chemical substances (nutrients) are– process by which chemical substances (nutrients) areacquired from the environment and used for cellular activitiesacquired from the environment and used for cellular activities
essential nutrientsessential nutrients 
- must be provided to an organism- must be provided to an organism
Two categories of essential nutrients:Two categories of essential nutrients:
macronutrientsmacronutrients
– required in large quantities; play principal roles in– required in large quantities; play principal roles incell structure and metabolismcell structure and metabolism
proteins, carbohydrates, lipidsproteins, carbohydrates, lipids 
micronutrientsmicronutrients
 
or trace elementsor trace elements
– required in small amounts;– required in small amounts;involved in enzyme function and maintenance of protein structureinvolved in enzyme function and maintenance of protein structure
manganese, zinc, nickel, vitamins, co-factorsmanganese, zinc, nickel, vitamins, co-factors
Microbial NutritionMicrobial Nutrition
 
33
Nutrition and GrowthNutrition and Growth
NutrientsNutrients
Inorganic nutrientsInorganic nutrients
– atom or molecule that contains a– atom or molecule that contains acombination of atoms other than carbon and hydrogencombination of atoms other than carbon and hydrogen
metals and their salts (magnesium sulfate, ferric nitrate, sodiummetals and their salts (magnesium sulfate, ferric nitrate, sodiumphosphate), gases (oxygen, carbon dioxide) and waterphosphate), gases (oxygen, carbon dioxide) and water
Organic nutrientsOrganic nutrients
- contain carbon and hydrogen atoms and are- contain carbon and hydrogen atoms and areusually the products of living thingsusually the products of living things
methane (CH4), carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acidsmethane (CH4), carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids

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