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Table Of Contents

Introduction
1.1 Complexity of fire phenomena
1.2 Approaches to fire simulation
1.3 Simplification
Inside FDS5
2.1 What are FDS5 ans Smokeview?
2.2 Engineering applications
2.3 Who develops FDS5?
2.4 Who uses FDS5?
2.5 How much does it cost?
2.6 How does FDS5 work?
2.6.1 Hydrodynamic model
2.6.2 Combustion model
2.6.3 Radiation transport
2.6.4 Geometry and multiple meshes
2.6.5 Parallel processing
2.6.6 Boundary conditions
2.7 Limitations of FDS5
2.7.1 Low speed flow assumption
2.7.2 Rectilinear geometry
2.7.3 Fire growth and spread
2.7.4 Combustion
2.7.5 Radiation
Running FDS5
3.1 Online resources and user support
3.2 Version numbers
3.3 Hardware requirements
3.4. SERIAL AND PARALLEL CALCULATIONS 17
3.4 Serial and parallel calculations
3.5 Installing on Windows XP
3.6 Installing on Ubuntu Linux
3.6.1 First install
3.6.2 Installing a new version
3.7 Compiling an optimized binary
3.8 Performing a calculation
3.8.1 Running serial FDS5 on Windows XP
Figure 3.2: Starting a serial calculation on Windows XP and on Linux Ubuntu
3.8.2 Running serial FDS5 on Ubuntu Linux
3.8.3 Running parallel FDS5 on Ubuntu Linux
3.9 Monitoring progress
3.10 Stop a calculation
3.11 Visualizing results
3.12 Output files
Input file basics
4.1 Syntax of the input file
4.2 Writing an input file
4.3. THE LOGIC BEHIND MOST FDS5 INPUT FILES 29
4.3 The logic behind most FDS5 input files
4.4 Keep it simple
4.5 Each model, its input data
4.6 Units of measurement
4.7 Reference coordinate system
4.8. PRESCRIBING GEOMETRIC ENTITIES 35
4.8 Prescribing geometric entities
4.9 Prescribing orientations
4.10. PRESCRIBING COLORS AND ASPECT 37
4.10 Prescribing colors and aspect
General configuration
5.1 Naming the job, HEAD
5.2 Simulation time, TIME
5.3 Miscellaneous, MISC
Combustion and radiation
6.1 Combustion is not pyrolysis
6.2 Prescribing a fire
6.3 Modeling gas phase combustion, REAC
6.3.1 Ignition
6.3.2 Burning
6.4. CO PRODUCTION IN UNDER-VENTILATED FIRES 49
6.4 CO production in under-ventilated fires
6.5 Flame extinction
6.6 Radiation transport, RADI
Computational domain
7.1 Defining a mesh, MESH
7.2 Multiple meshes
7.3 Conformity to the mesh
7.5 Initial conditions of the computational do- main, INIT
8.1 Defining a material, MATL
8.2 Thermal properties
8.3 Burning properties
8.3.1 Solids
8.3.2 Liquids
8.3.3 HEAT_OF_COMBUSTION in a MATL line?
8.4 Properties hell
8.5 Resources for material property data
Extra gas species
9.1 Defining extra gas species, SPEC
9.2 CARBON DIOXIDE and carbon dioxide
Lagrangian particles
10.1 Defining Lagrangian particles, PART
10.2 Massless particles
10.3 Water droplets
Boundary conditions
11.1 Defining boundary conditions, SURF
11.2 Predefined boundary conditions
11.3 Coloring boundary conditions
11.4. EXAMPLES OF BOUNDARY CONDITIONS 79
11.4 Examples of boundary conditions
11.4.1 Adiabatic surface
11.4.2 Fixed temperature and heat flux
11.4.3 Fans
11.4.4 Fans injecting extra gas species
11.4.5 Dynamic pressure at an open boundary
11.4.6 Prescribing an heat release rate
11.5. GEOMETRIC CONFORMITY AND RATES 83
11.5 Geometric conformity and rates
11.6 Boundary conditions for solids
11.6.1 Backing
11.6.2 Setting an initial temperature
11.7 Time dependent boundary conditions
11.7.1 Simplified ramps
11.7.2 User defined ramps
Figure 11.4: VEL and TMP_FRONT as function of time after SURF activation
11.8. INJECTING LAGRANGIAN PARTICLES 89
11.8 Injecting Lagrangian particles
Solid geometry
12.1 Defining solid obstructions, OBST
12.2 Creating voids inside obstructions, HOLE
12.3. PRESCRIBING A DIFFERENT BOUNDARY CONDITION, VENT 95
12.3 Prescribing a different boundary condition,
12.4. DEFAULT BOUNDARY CONDITION 97
12.4 Default boundary condition
12.8 Stair stepping complex geometries
12.9. COLORING INDIVIDUAL OBJECTS 101
12.9 Coloring individual objects
12.10 Making burning solids disappear
Devices and control logic
13.1 Devices, DEVC and PROP
13.2. EXAMPLES OF DEVICES 105
13.2 Examples of devices
13.2.1 Timer
13.2.2 Thermometer
13.2.3 Smoke detector
13.3 Basic control logic
13.4 Advanced control logic
14.1 Prescribing output
14.3. POINT MEASUREMENT DEVICES, DEVC 113
14.2 Output control parameters, DUMP
14.3 Point measurement devices, DEVC
14.3.1 Record a gas phase quantity
14.3.2 Record a solid phase quantity
Figure 14.1: Output of animated planar slices SLCF as viewed in Smokeview
14.3.3 Record integrated quantities
14.4 Animated planar slices, SLCF
14.5 Animated boundary quantities, BNDF
14.6 Animated isosurfaces, ISOF
14.7 Realistic smoke and fire
Figure 14.4: Output of soot MASS FRACTION and HRRPUV as viewed in Smoke- view
14.8 Heat release rate
14.9 Visibility
14.10 Upper and lower layers
14.11 Heat fluxes and thermal radiation
14.12 Interfacing with structural models
14.13. VISUALIZING LAGRANGIAN PARTICLES 123
14.13 Visualizing Lagrangian particles
14.14 Frequently used output quantities
Real world examples
15.1 Building a ventilator
15.2 Prescribing a simplified burning material
15.3 Simulation and revelation of smoke of a smoldering fire
15.4 A pan filled of ethanol
15.5 A simple car parking
15.5.1 Description
15.5.2 Input file and results
Using a GUI
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Intro to Fire Sim-027

Intro to Fire Sim-027

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Published by: spkumarsilver on Mar 29, 2012
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