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ERTSPPTUnit2

ERTSPPTUnit2

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Published by: Sri on Mar 29, 2012
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03/29/2012

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Embedded Systems Design: A UnifiedHardware/Software Introduction
1
Chapter 3 General-Purpose Processors:Software
 
 Embedded Systems Design: A Unified  Hardware/Software Introduction,
 
(c) 2000 Vahid/Givargis
 
2
Introduction
General-Purpose Processor
 – 
Processor designed for a variety of computation tasks
 – 
Low unit cost, in part because manufacturer spreads NREover large numbers of units
Motorola sold half a billion 68HC05 microcontrollers
in 1996 alone
 – 
Carefully designed since higher NRE is acceptable
Can yield good performance, size and power
 – 
Low NRE cost, short time-to-market/prototype, highflexibility
User just writes software; no processor design
 –a.k.a. “microprocessor” – 
 
“micro” used when they were
implemented on one or a few chips rather than entire rooms
 
 Embedded Systems Design: A Unified  Hardware/Software Introduction,
 
(c) 2000 Vahid/Givargis
 
3
Basic Architecture
Control unit anddatapath
 – 
Note similarity tosingle-purposeprocessor
Key differences
 – 
Datapath is general
 –Control unit doesn’t
store the algorithm
 – 
 the algorithm is
“programmed” into the
memory
ProcessorControl unit Datapath
ALURegistersIRPCController
MemoryI/OControl /Status

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