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Trasatlantic Task Force on Trade (Eng)/ Grupo de trabajo Trasatlántico en comercio (Ing)/ Lan talde trasatlantiarra merkataritzan (Ing)

Trasatlantic Task Force on Trade (Eng)/ Grupo de trabajo Trasatlántico en comercio (Ing)/ Lan talde trasatlantiarra merkataritzan (Ing)

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Published by: EKAI Center on Mar 30, 2012
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02/02/2014

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T_EN[ETHENTIK TE[M AL_KB LN T_EDB
Slrminc Zezbr 
Idbe{ alr Nbs Tren{ethentik Initietiqb{ ln Tredb
Arbdrim Brivln end Hi{e Orendt
Tfi{ slrminc zezbr se{ zrbzerbd tl {brqb e{ e oe{i{ alr di{k{{ilnet e gbbtinc la tfb Tren{ethentik Te{m Alrkb ln Tredb
 
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tren{ethentik te{m alrkb ln tredb
5. INT_LDRKTILN
T
fb idbe la
hiobrehi{inc tren{ethentik tredb ‛ zl{{iohy hbedinc z tl e tren{ethentikArbb Tredb Ecrbbgbnt ‛ i{ nlt nbs. It fe{ obbn {bril{hy zrlzl{bd( sitf {lgb l'kieh oekminc( ln tfrbb lkke{iln{ lqbr tfb ze{t ?: yber{. Tfb tiginc( end tfb erc'gbnt{ {bd oy {zzlrtbr{ end dbtrektlr{( tbhh{ { ehh sb nbbd tl mnls sfy tfi{ idbe fe{rbgeinbd `{t en idbe end nbqbr getbriehi{bd.
Air{t
( tren{ethentik rbb'tredb initietiqb{ feqb bgbrcbd {flrthy etbr tren{ethentik rit{ lqbrser{. It fe{ obklgb tfb lkieh ‘lhiqb orenkf‗ l tren{ethentiki{g ‛ lr tfb cit lbrbd tl{fls yl erb zrbzerbd tl rbzeir e rbhetiln{fiz tfet fe{ {lrbd. Oihetbreh rbb'tredb initie'tiqb{ sbrb henkfbd {flrthy etbr tfb r{t Ireu ser( {flrthy etbr tfb NETL intbrqbntiln inMl{lql in tfb hetb 599:{( end( glrb rbkbnthy( etbr tfb khe{f obtsbbn tfb O{f edgini{tre'tiln end kbrtein Brlzben clqbrngbnt{ lqbr tfb {bklnd Ireu ser. Fbnkb( tfb tiginc end tfbzlhitikeh hbedbr{fiz feqb obbn tfb kln{bubnkb l {lrinc zlhitikeh rbhetiln{( nlt tfb gbrit{l tren{ethentik rbb tredb.
[bklnd
( tfbrb fe{ obbn e hekm( i nlt eo{bnkb( l {lhid
bklnlgik
ercgbnt{ in tfb dboetblqbr initietiqb{ tl rbb z tren{ethentik tredb. Abs feqb oltfbrbd tl bveginb tfb ndbrhyinc bklnlgik{. Ehtflcf {tdib{ sbrb klggi{{ilnbd in tfb hetb 9:{( nl lkieh `lint {tdy ene'hy{inc tfb kl{t{ end obnbt{ l qeril{ rbb'tredb initietiqb{ fe{ obbn klgzhbtbd. E{ e rb{ht(klnkrbtb initietiqb{ {kf e{ tfb Tren{ethentik Bklnlgik Klnkih &TBK)( feqb {brbd rlgtfb eo{bnkb l bklnlgik cidenkb end feqb lzbretbd sitflt khber dirbktiln.
Tfird
( kritik{ l tren{ethentik rbb'tredb initietiqb{ feqb ercbd {kf en initietiqb slhd mihhen lnclinc rlnd l nbcltietiln{ ‛ end {inkb tfbrb fe{ obbn e rlnd lnclinc lr in zrbzere'tiln in tfb ze{t ;: yber{( bvkbzt lr e bs yber{ in tfb gid 599:{( tfbrb fe{ nbqbr obbn e clldtigb sfbn rbb tredbr{ feqb tflcft rbbinc z tren{ethentik tredb tl ob e clld idbe. Ybttfi{ ercgbnt fe{ zrlqbn sbem. Bvtbrneh zrb{{rb( {kf e{ e oic oihetbreh lr rbcilneh initie'tiqb( ken zt zrb{{rb ln zlhitikeh hbedbr{ tl {kkb{{hhy klnkhdb ghtihetbreh nbcltietilnrlnd{. Tfi{ fe{ fezzbnbd oblrb. Alr in{tenkb( tfb Mbnnbdy _lnd se{ khberhy {zrrbd ln oy tfb lrgetiln l tfb Klggln Klggbrkieh Zlhiky in Brlzb( sfikf di{edqentecbd Egbri'ken{ rg{ klgzbtinc sitf Brlzben rg{ ln tfb Brlzben germbt end z{fbd nbcltietlr{tl ecrbb ln e teri'kttinc dbeh. [igiherhy( tfb Rrcey _lnd clt e oll{t rlg tfb krbetilnl tfb [inchb Germbt in Brlzb end tfb NEATE in Nlrtf Egbrike. Geny lhd tredb'zlhiky fend{ slhd ercb tfb Rrcey _lnd slhd nlt feqb obbn klgzhbtbd sitflt tfb `lhtrlg tfb{b tsl initietiqb{. Tredb zlhiky( himb gl{t ltfbr tfinc{ in bklnlgik hib( i{ driqbn oy tsl in{tinkt{0 zrlt{ end ber. I tfb zrlt{ rlg nbs germbt ekkb{{ dl nlt gemb e klnqink'inc ercgbnt( tfb ber l hl{inc lnb’{ zl{itiln ln mby germbt{ {ehhy dl. Dr. @lfn{ln fe{keztrbd tfi{ {zirit0‘Sfbn e gen mnls{ fb sihh ob fencbd in e lrtnicft( it klnkbntretb{ fi{gind slndbrhhy‗.
Alrtf
( tfbrb feqb nlt obbn geny {trlnc ribnd{ l e tren{ethentik rbb tredb initietiqb( nlrfeqb tfbrb obbn geny rbeh bnbgib{ in tfb tren{ethentik zlhitikeh {zfbrb. Tfb dboetb fe{ obbneo{trekt( sitf hmbserg {zzlrt lr kritiki{g. Nloldy {bbg{ tl rbehhy feqb obhibqbd it zl{{i' ohb tl henkf e nbs egoitil{ initietiqb. Kln{bubnthy( zlhitikeh hbedbr{ feqb obbn nsihhinc tl inqb{t zlhitikeh keziteh oy bncecinc in tfb tren{ethentik rbb tredb dboetb end tfb intbcre'tilni{t ecbnde fe{ hl{t glgbntg.Nls( flsbqbr( i{ tfb tigb tl ciqb e tren{ethentik rbb'tredb initietiqb {bril{ kln{idbretiln.Tfb tiginc klhd nlt ob obttbr.
 
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tren{ethentik te{m alrkb ln tredb
Air{t
( tfb ercgbnt tfet e tren{ethentik initietiqb slhd feqb dbtrigbnteh bbkt{ ln tfb gh'tihetbreh {y{tbg i{ nl hlncbr qehid( i it bqbr se{. Ln tfb klntrery( {trlnc bvtbrneh zrb{{rbezzber{ tl ob tfb lnhy tfinc tfet klhd {eqb tfb Dlfe _lnd( oy `lhtinc {lgb klntrib{ tlrbkln{idbr tfbir zl{itiln{. [trlncbr tren{ethentik kllzbretiln end dbbzbnbd ghtihetbrehintbcretiln erb tf{ retfbr gtehhy rbinlrkinc tfen riqeh.Glrblqbr( tfb zltbntieh bbkt{ l e zrlzbrhy {trktrbd tren{ethentik rbb'tredb initietiqbrbekf obylnd tfb Dlfe klntbvt. Tfb chloeh tredinc {y{tbg i{ in nbbd l obttbr hbedbr{fizrlg tfb cient{ l tfb slrhd bklnlgy tl zrlgltb rtfbr hiobrehi{etiln. Kfine end ltfbrbgbrcinc bklnlgib{ gicft ob eohb tl temb ln crbetbr hbedbr{fiz rb{zln{ioihitib{ in tfb trb( ot tfi{ {kbneril rbgein{ di{tent lr et hbe{t e dbkedb. Tfb bgbrcinc bklnlgib{ feqb crlsntl obklgb {trlnc giddhb zlsbr{ in tbrg{ l hbedbr{fiz. Tfby kbrteinhy feqb tfb zlsbr tl ohlkm initietiqb{( ot tfi{ i{ dibrbnt rlg tfb eoihity tl hbed. Drinc tfb nbvt dbkedb( zl{'{iohy bqbn obylnd tfet( tfb Rnitbd [tetb{ end Brlzb sihh rbgein tfb lnhy tsl oic zlsbr{sitf zlhitikeh( bklnlgik end in{tittilneh kezekity tl hbed. Kln{bubnthy( e{ tfb cient{ l tfbslrhd bklnlgy( tfb R[ end Brlzb sihh feqb tl temb tfb hbed i tfbrb erb tl ob initietiqb{ tlhiobrehi{b tredb in tfb {flrt tl gbdig tbrg.
[bklnd
( it i{ igzlrtent tl igzrlqb krrbnt oihetbreh tredb {tretbcib{ in Brlzb end tfb R[.Geny l tfb nbs initietiqb{ sihh feqb in{icnikent bklnlgik bbkt{. E tren{ethentik tredbekklrd( flsbqbr( slhd feqb e {icnikent igzekt. Tfb qehb l tren{ethentik tredb end in' qb{tgbnt se{ erlnd $4.4 trihhiln in ?::9( rbzrb{bntinc lqbr 2:" l chloeh CDZ end ;:" l chloeh tredb. Fbnkb( en initietiqb ken ridb ln tfb hlcik l crbet ngobr{0 hiobrehi{etiln sitf e oic bklnlgy sihh feqb crbetbr bklnlgik bbkt{ tfen hiobrehi{etiln sitf e {gehh lr gbdig'{ipbd bklnlgy.ATE{ ndbr nbcltietiln lr z lr ezzrlqeh in tfb BR end tfb R[ nbitfbr indiqidehhy nlr klh'hbktiqbhy sihh feqb {icnikent bklnlgik kln{bubnkb{ ‛ e{ gbe{rbd oy eccrbcetbd tredb b'bkt{( crlstf end `lo{. Tfi{ clb{ lr oltf tfb zbndinc ATE{ in tfb R[ Klncrb{{ e{ sbhh e{ tfbge`lrity l Brlzb’{ krrbnt ATE nbcltietiln{ &sitf tfb bvkbztiln l Indie). Alr in{tenkb(ehtflcf tfb rbkbnt ATE obtsbbn tfb BR end Mlrbe fe{ ricfthy obbn {bbn e{ klgzeretiqbhy egoitil{( it fe{ obbn b{tigetbd tl edd nl glrb tfen :.:6" tl tfb BR CDZ
5
. [igiherhy( tfbb{tigetb{ lr tfb R['Mlrbe ecrbbgbnt &e{{ginc hh teri bhiginetiln) zlint{ tl e CDZ b'bkt in tfb R[ l :.:5".
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Tfb ke{b{ inqlhqinc Mlrbe ihh{tretb e orledbr ziktrb sfbrb e tredbdbeh obtsbbn e oic end e {gehh germbt sihh nlt cbnbretb eny {o{tentieh bklnlgik cein{ lrtfb oiccbr germbt.Tfi{ zezbr {bbm{ tl bvzhlrb sfet lrg{ e tren{ethentik rbb tredb initietiqb klhd temb. Alr oic'ziktrb ehtbrnetiqb{ sihh ob kln{idbrbd. Glrb zrbki{bhy( tfi{ zezbr sihh ciqb ‘zitkfb{‗ lrtfb qeril{ ehtbrnetiqb{( sitflt obinc {fy eolt zltbntieh dresoekm{.Tfb r{t {kbneril i{ e {tet{ ul( o{inb{{'e{'{eh ehtbrnetiqb0 hbeqinc tfb oihetbreh tren{'ethentik rbhetiln{ in tfbir krrbnt {tetb( sitf tfb Tren{ethentik Bklnlgik Klnkih &TBK) e{e gein lrg lr kllzbretiln. Tfb {bklnd end tfird ehtbrnetiqb{ kln{i{t l b{teohi{finc etren{ethentik rbb tredb ecrbbgbnt klqbrinc tredb in clld{ end,lr in {brqikb{. Tfb lrtfehtbrnetiqb igzhib{ tren{ethentik kllzbretiln sitf tfb bvzhikit egoitiln l krbetinc e {lrt l {nlsoehh bbkt l ltfbr klntrib{ `lininc. Tfb hettbr klhd temb tfb lrg l ‘lzbn rbcilneh'i{g‗ oe{bd ln tfb ecrbbgbnt{ {bt lt in tfb {bklnd {kbneril( lr tfby klhd eig lr zhrihetbr'eh lr kritikeh ge{{ ecrbbgbnt{ tfet erb orlcft in ndbr tfb e{zikb{ l tfb STL. Tfi{ zezbrsihh eh{l zrlzl{b e {zbkik {bktlreh initietiqb0 en Intbrnetilneh Diciteh Bklnlgy Ecrbbgbnt.

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