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Motivation to Learn Paper

Motivation to Learn Paper

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Published by: Michele Hurley Davis on Mar 31, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 Motivation to Learn Paper:
The Word ―Motivation‖ Does Not Have to be So Complicated— 
5 TheoriesMichele L. DavisUniversity of New England
Abstract This paper discusses the five theories Eric Anderman and Lynley Hicks Anderman (2010)argue are key for educators to understand motivation: 1) Self-Determination Theory, 2)Attribution Theory, 3) Expectancy-Value Theory, 4) Social Cognitive Theory, and 5) GoalOrientation Theory. From motivators that can only come from within a student to factorsthat are influences by outside sources, these theorists certainly vary in ideology. However,the overall assertion is that by understanding what motivates a student, teachers can find
ways to influence their students’ motivation.
Motivation is a term educators throw around often:
“He isn’t very motivated. She is
the most motivated to get her work done perfectly. She lacks motivation to succeed. He
needs no motivation; he is truly the most motivated student I’ve ever seen.” The need to be
motivated, to accomplish tasks at hand, are inherently necessary in the world andeducation is certainly no different. But what motivates students? Can educators tap into
individuals’ needs to motivate them to achieve? Are some modes of motivation counter
-productive? Does intrinsic (the internal desires) motivation need to be present as well asextrinsic (reward/punishment) motivation? Authors Eric M. Anderman and Lynley HicksAnderman (2010) argue that this complex, and often over-
used term “motivation” needs tobe “uncomplicated as possible”; in f 
act by studying motivation as five different types of motivation, educators
find ways to help students motivate to succeed (p. 2).The first theory Anderman and Hicks Anderman (2010) discuss is Self-Determination Theory; when individuals feel their 3 needs are met (the need for autonomy,the need for competence, and the need for relatedness), Self-determination theorists arguethat an individual will be motivated. These theorists watch human behavior anddetermined these 3 needs from issues that arise from intrinsic factors like being self-motivated to extrinsic factors like receiving a reward for a certain behavior. The Self-Determination theorists also refer to individuals with a low opinion of themselves and theirown abilities as
. These researchers deem these individuals to lack an ability tobe motivated through intrinsic or extrinsic factors.By being able to explain the reasons things happen in our lives, the AttributionTheory discussed by Anderman and Anderman (2010) argues that this rationale, the waywe understand why things happen allows a person to engage further in similar activities, or

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