Eutrophication is a process whereby water bodies, such aslakes, estuaries, or slow-moving streams receive excessnutrients that stimulate excessive plant growth (algae,periphyton attached algae, and nuisance plants weeds). Thisenhanced plant growth, often called an algal bloom, reducesdissolved oxygen in the water when dead plant materialdecomposes and can cause other organisms to die.
Some lakes also demonstrate the reverse process , becomingless nutrient rich with time. That reverse process is calledMeiotrophication.[REF