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APM550 MFC

APM550 MFC

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Published by ECRD
Research material and environment related resource is available free on http://ecrd.in/,
please visit to get the best resource on web for environment training.
http://learntech.in/ has developed this environment learning portal, you can visit the Leaders in E Learning development in India to explore more ideas on learning.
Research material and environment related resource is available free on http://ecrd.in/,
please visit to get the best resource on web for environment training.
http://learntech.in/ has developed this environment learning portal, you can visit the Leaders in E Learning development in India to explore more ideas on learning.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: ECRD on Mar 31, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/18/2012

 
C
ECRD Publications
PM
2.5
Identified as main concernin Urban Areas
Health Impact of Fine Particles:
Severalstudies have shown that with an increase of25
g/m
3
of PM2.5 in ambient air risk of deathincreases by 2 to 6%.
Data published in the last few years indicatesthat crustal particles are not correlated to dailymortality.
Susceptible Populations:
Specific riskgroups are more susceptible than normalhealthy adults to adverse effects from PMexposure.
 –
Aged with respiratory or cardiovasculardisease.
 –
Children & Asthmatics.
Environmental Effects:
 –
Vegetation & ecosystems
 –
Visibility
 –
Role of PM in radiative transfer of energy &potential consequences on climate change.
 
C
ECRD Publications
Particulate Deposition in theHuman Respiratory Tract
Source: PARIVESH issue of September 2001 printedby the CPCB.
Inhalable
Particles enterthe nasal and head airways.
Thoracic
particles travelpast the larynx & reachthe gas exchangeregion of the lungs.
Indian Cities are already showing PM2.5 levelsmuch higher than the WHO Standard.PM2.5 Standard notified by Govt. of India inOctober 2009.
 
C
ECRD Publications
Definitions of PM10 & PM2.5
Inhalable
particlesenter the respiratorytract.
Thoracic
particlestravel past the larynx& reach the gasexchange region ofthe lungs.
PM10
 Particle sizedistribution closelyresembles thethoracic distributionwith a D50 at 10
m.
PM2.5
sizedistribution with D50at 2.5
m AD
Aerodynamic Diameter
is defined as the diameter of aspherical particle with a settling velocity equal to that of theparticle in question, but with a density of 1g/cm
3
.
It is important to note that particle sizes referred above are NOT physical particle sizes but 
Aerodynamic Diameters.

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