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solucionario HimmelblauChap 4

solucionario HimmelblauChap 4

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04/13/2013

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CHAPTER 472
Problem 4.1A
A steel tank having a capacity of 25 m
3
holds carbon dioxide at 30˚C and 1.6 atm.Calculate the weight, in grams, of the carbon dioxide.
Solution
T = 30˚C = 30 + 273.15 = 303Kp = 1.6 atmV = 25 m
3
Use pV = nRTThe gas constant has to be chosen to be consistent with the units of pressure, temperature,and volume. Use standard conditions to calculate RR =1.00atm22.415m
3
kgmol273.15K= 0.08206(atm)(m
3
)(kgmol)(k)n =(p)(V)(R)(T)=(1.6)(25)(0.08206)(303)= 1.608 kg mol or 1,608 g molWeight of carbon dioxide =
1,608
gmol44gCO
2
gmolCO
2
=
70.7
×
10
3
g CO
2
 Alternate Solution:
Use V = 22.415 m
3
 /kg mol at T = 273K and p = 1 atm abs.and
p
2
p
1
     
V
2
V
1
     =
n
2
n
1
     
T
2
T
1
     
25m
3
1.6atmabs1atmabs273K303K1kgmol22.415m
3
44kgCO
2
1kgmolCO
2
1000g1kg= 70.7
×
10
3
g CO
2
 
73
Sec. 4.1Ideal Gas Law Calculations
Problem 4.1B
20 ft
3
of nitrogen at 300 psig and 100˚F and 30 ft
3
of oxygen at 200 psig and340˚F areinjected into a 15 ft
3
vessel. The vessel is then cooled to 70˚F. Find the partial pressure of eachcomponent in the 15 ft
3
vessel. Assume that the ideal gas law applies.
Solution
N
2
20ft
3
300 psig, 100˚F200 psig, 340˚F30ft
3
O
2
70˚Fp = ?15ft
3
The problem can be solved by determining the number of moles of oxygen and nitrogenand solving for the total pressure at the final conditions. Then the partial pressures are calculatedusing the mole fractions.
 NitrogenOxygen
V = 20 ft
3
V = 30 ft
3
p = 300 psig = 314.7 psiap = 200 psig = 214.7 psiaT = 100˚F = 560˚RT = 340˚F = 800˚Rn
N
2
=pVRT=(314.7)(20)(10.73)(560)= 1.05 lb moln
O
2
=(214.7)(30)(10.73)(800)= 0.75 lb moln
T
= n
N
2
+ n
O
2
= 1.80 lb molFinal pressure p
T
=n
T
RTV=(1.80)(10.73)(530)15= 682 psia
molesmole fr(y
i
)p
i
= p
(y
i
)
O
2
0.750.42
286
N
2
1.050.58
396
1.801.00682
 psia
 
Sec. 4.1Ideal Gas Law Calculations
74
Problem 4.1C
A steel container has a volume of 200 m
3
. It is filled with nitrogen at 22˚C andatmospheric pressure. If the container valve is opened and the container heated to 200˚C,calculate the fraction of the nitrogen which leaves the container.
Solution
The solution involves determining the number of moles of nitrogen in the tank at the finalgiven temperature and pressure (T
2
and p
2
), and at the initial conditions, and subtracting.T
1
= 22˚C = 295KT
2
= 200˚C = 473Kp
1
= 1 atmp
2
= 1 atmV
1
= 200 m
3
V
2
= 200 m
3
n
1
=p
1
V
1
RT
1
n
2
=p
2
V
2
RT
2
n
1
=(1)(200)(0.08206)(295)n
2
=(1)(200)(0.08206)(473)= 8.26 kg mol= 5.15 kg molThe fraction of N
2
leaving =8.26–5.155.15=
0.60Problem 4.1D
Chlorine gas containing 2.4 percent O
2
is flowing through an earthenware pipe. The gasflow rate is measured by introducing air into it at the rate of 115 m
3
 /min. Further down the line,after mixing is complete, the gas is found to contain 10.85 percent O
2
. How many m
3
of theinitial gas were flowing per minute through the pipe?
Solution
The problem is similar to other nonreacting material balance problems. It is convenientto imagine the pipeline between the point of injection of air to the point of sampling as a mixer.The process may be considered to be a steady state process without reaction.

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