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Cisco Systems

Cisco Systems

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Published by: anon-409969 on Dec 09, 2008
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Cisco Systems, Inc.
) is amultinational corporation with more than 66,000 employees and annual revenue of US$39 billion as of 2008.Headquartered inSan Jose, California,it designs and sells networking and communications technology and services under five brands, namely Cisco,Linksys,  WebEx,IronPort, and Scientific Atlanta.
[edit] Corporate history
One of the many buildings on the Cisco Systems campus in San JoseLen Bosack and Sandy Lerner , a married couple that worked in computer operations staff  atStanford University, later joined by Richard Troiano, founded
cisco Systems
in 1984.The name "Cisco" was derived from the city name, San Francisco, which is why thecompany insisted using the lower case 'cisco' in the early days. Bosack adapted multiple- protocol router software originally written by William Yeager , another staff employee
who had begun the work years before Bosack arrived from theUniversity of Pennsylvania, where Bosack had received his  bachelor's degree. While Cisco was not the first company to develop and sell arouter ,
it was one of thefirst to sell commercially successful routers supporting multiple network protocols.
AstheInternet Protocol(IP) has become a standard, the importance of multi-protocolrouting as a function has declined. Today, Cisco's largest routers are marketed to route primarily IP packets andMPLSframes.In 1990, the company went public and was listed on the  Nasdaqstock exchange. Lerner  was fired and because of that, Bosack quit but not before receiving $200 million. Most of those profits were given to charities and the two later divorced.Cisco acquired a variety of companies to bring in talent and innovation into the company.Several acquisitions, e.g. Stratacom, were the biggest deals at the time when it happened.During the Internet boom in 1999, the company acquired Cerent Corp., a start-up company located inPetaluma, California, for about US$7 billion. It was the mostexpensive acquisition made by Cisco at that time. Since then, only Cisco's acquisition of Scientific-Atlanta has been bigger. Although not every acquisition is equally successful,Cisco has been on the successful side integrating its acquisitions compared to itscompetitors. Several acquired companies has grown into the backbone business units for Cisco in the LAN switching, VOIP, and home networking area.In late March 2000, at the height of the dot-com boom, Cisco was the most valuable company in the world, with amarket capitalizationof more than US$500 billion.
In2007, with a market cap of about US$180 billion, it is still one of the most valuablecompanies.
CSCO was voted stock of the decade on NASDAQ. The company's 7500Series router was voted 3rd in the product of the decade 1990-2000 behind the Mosaicweb browser and the Novell LAN manager.Cisco has made inroads into many network equipment markets outside routing, includingEthernet switching, remote access, branch office routers,ATMnetworking, security, IPtelephony, and others. In 2003, Cisco acquiredLinksys, a popular manufacturer of computer networking hardwareand positioned it as a leading brandfor the home and end user networking market (SOHO
).The company's first two CEOs are John Morgridge and John Chambers
(active).The company was a 2002-03 recipient of theRon Brown Award.
[edit] Corporate affairs
The company has its corporate headquarters inSan Jose, California,with many buildings in the area near North First Street and Tasman. Cisco also has outposts in many other countries such asAlgeria,Argentina,Australia,Austria,Belgium, Belize,Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina,Brazil,Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China,Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia,
Cisco's vision is "Changing the Way We Work, Live, Play and Learn." Cisco's currenttagline is "Welcome to the human network."
[edit] Products and services
[edit] Partial list of hardware products
A Cisco ASM/2-32EM router deployed atCERN in 1987.
Application Network Services
Broadband Cable products: uBR7100 series, uBR7200 series, uBR10012CMTSes. A line of Cable modems, the uBR900 series and CVA122 series, were also made in the late 1990s and early 2000s, but have since been discontinued.
Clean Access Server 
Content Networking
Interoperability Systems
Cisco LocalDirector load-balancing appliance
Optical Networking series: 15xxx Series: 15302, 15305, 15310, 15327, 15454,15600, 1580x, 15900(wavelength router, but end for sale)
Micro Webserver 
Routers: AGS, AGS+, MGS, IGS, CGS, SB107, 700, 800, 837, 1000 Series,1600 Series, 1700, 1800, 2500 Series,2600 Series, 2800, 3600, 3700, 3800,4000 Series, 4500, 7000 Series, 7100/7200/7300/7400 Mid Range Customer  Edge/Service Provider Edge family, 7500, 7600, 10000, 12000, andCRS-1

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