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NGOs

NGOs

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Published by: rajat_singla on Apr 01, 2012
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10/20/2013

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SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS: NGOs
NGOs or NGDOs are basically voluntary organizations other than cooperatives, Self-HelpGroups (SHGs) etc. Voluntary organizations, known for their virtues of human touch, dedication,great initiatives, self-reliance, contextual innovations, flexibility, togetherness with communityand ability to reach the masses in the most effective manner are now considered partners of government in its all endeavors concerning needy, poor, children and women and theirenvironment.Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have played a major role in pushing for sustainabledevelopment at all levels. Campaigning groups have been key drivers of inter-governmentalnegotiations, ranging from the regulation of hazardous wastes to a global ban on land mines andthe elimination of slavery.They hail from north and south and from all points in between - with the contrasting levels of resources which such differences often imply. Some are highly sophisticated, media-savvyorganizations like
 Friends of the
 
 Earth
and
WWF
; others are tiny, grassroots collectives, neverdestined to be household names.
 ROLE OF NGOs IN INDIA
Poverty Alleviation
Oxfam India
 
strives to secure the right to a life with dignity for
 
all
 
by actively engaging peopleand policy makers in the inclusive development of society.NGOs are working to ensure that everyone has access to education, health and social protection;people are able to overcome poverty by earning a decent livelihood with fair trade opportunities;women lead a life of dignity, free from violence; and communities are prepared to deal with theimpact of climate change, natural and man-made disasters.
Education of poor children
Smile Foundation
works as a catalyst to change the lives of underprivileged childrenand youthand give them a better future. Through more than 100 education, healthcare, livelihood and girlchild oriented programmes spread throughout India, the foundation facilitates individuals,corporates and institutions to invest in social initiatives aimed at the welfare of poor and needychildren.
 Akshay Patra
is an NGO with an entry into Limca Book of World Records; appreciation fromnone other than US President Barack Obama and its work as a case study at Harvard University!The latest addition to its achievements is
 — 
churning out 40,000 rotis for children in just one
hour. Akshaya Patra Foundation, which runs the world’s largest school
-meal program, hasimproved its kitchen services by increasing the number of rotis produced to meet the requirementof children.
 
Women Empowerment
Some NGOs like
Centre for Social Research (CSR)
have focused their attention on women; thetask of protecting their rights, empowering them, and understanding issues from a genderperspective. There is a great belief in the capacity of women to be catalysts of social change.Hence, implementing issues like Gender and Social Justice through Eliminating ViolenceAgainst Women, Preventing Trafficking in Women and Children and Eradicating the Practice of Sex Selection coupled with initiatives in areas of Education of Adolescent Girls, GenderSensitization and Training, Participation of Women in Economy, Skill Enhancement andCapacity Building are actively on the agenda of NGOs.
Environment
Survival International 
, a London-based NGO, has appealed to the director of the Hollywoodblockbuster
 Avatar 
, James Cameron, to lend his support in fighting against London-listed miningand metals major Vedanta Resources from setting up its aluminium plant in Orissa.The
Water Organisation Trust
successfully converted the drought-affected barren land near avillage called Darewadi near Pune in Maharashtra, into fertile land using only natural resourcemanagement techniques, on a budget of just Rs 80 lakh.
Disaster Management
 
Voluntary Organisations (VOs) play a vital role in the shaping and Implementation of DisasterManagement Act. They have been contributing immensely towards various developmentprograms, VOs may provide innovative and alternative cost effective models for development.They can mobilize people for constructive community work and often reach the mostmarginalized and vulnerable sections of society and contribute to the socio-economicdevelopment of the country, with much wider outreach. A National NGO Task Force on DisasterManagement has been set up by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA).Government of India has set up a Core Group on the Role of NGOs in Disaster Management toprimarily follow-up on the preparation of the National Disaster Management Guidelines on theRole of NGOs in Disaster Management.
Health Issues
It is estimated that approximately 2.5 million people live with HIV/AIDS in India. About onemillion of them are women. While currently there are still more men than women afflicted byHIV/AIDS, women are highly vulnerable to the infection.NGOs have been actively engaged in promoting health and HIV/AIDS awareness among womenand young girls. Their key focus over the years has been on reproductive and child health inaddition to work on general health. Parivartan Swasthya Kendras - for education & healthawareness, and preventive & curative health care services, have been established.

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