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Published by: rajat_singla on Apr 01, 2012
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SOCIAL INSTITUTION Social organization
Social institution
 refers to a group of social positions, connected  by social relations, performing a social role. It can also be defined in a narrower sense as any institution in a society that works to socialize the groups or people in it. Common examples include education, governments, families, economic systems, religions,
 and any people or groups that we have social interaction with. It is a major sphere of social life organized to meet some human needs. Social organizations can take many forms, depending on the social context. For example, for family context the corresponding social organization is the extended family. In the business context a social organization may be an enterprise, company, corporation, etc. In the educational context, it may be a school, university, etc. In the political context it may be a government, political party, etc. Institutions provide structure, guidelines for behaviour and shape human interaction. Institutions are also characterized by social practices that reoccur or are repeated over time by members of a group.
Education is the starting of the civilization and considered the backbone of the society. Education makes contribution to economic development, social progress of society. In India we follow the system of 10+2+3. The Education System can be broadly divided into three  phases:
Primary education
The Indian government lays emphasis to primary education (referred to as Elementary Education in India). The Indian government has also banned child labour in order to ensure that the children do not enter unsafe working conditions. However, both free education and the ban on child labour are very difficult to enforce due to economic disparity and social conditions.
Secondary education
The National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986, has provided for environment awareness, science and technology education, and introduction of traditional elements such as Yoga into the Indian secondary school system. Secondary education covers children 14-18. A significant feature of India's secondary school system is the emphasis on inclusion of the disadvantaged sections of the society. Professionals from established institutes are often called to support in vocational training. Another feature of India's secondary school system is its emphasis on profession based vocational training to help students attain skills for finding a vocation of his/her choosing. A significant new feature has been the extension of SSA to secondary education in the form of the
Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan
Tertiary education
India's higher education system is one of the largest Education System in the world. The main governing body at the tertiary level is the
 University Grants Commission (India)
, which enforces its standards, advises the government, and helps coordinate between the centre and the state. Some institutions of India, such as the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), have  been globally acclaimed for their standard of education. The IITs enroll about 8000 students annually and the alumni have contributed to both the growth of the private sector and the  public sectors of India. Besides top rated universities which provide highly competitive world class education to their  pupil, India is also home to many universities. Regulatory authorities like UGC and AICTE have been been monitoring the Tertiary education system.
Indian Institute of Management, Ahemdabad Technical education
From the first Five Year Plan onwards India's emphasis was to develop a pool of scientifically inclined manpower. India's National Policy on Education (NPE) provisioned for an apex body for regulation and development of higher technical education, which came into  being as the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) in 1987 through an act of the Indian parliament. At the level of the centre the Indian Institutes of Technology and the Indian Institutes of Information Technology are deemed of national importance. The Indian Institutes of Management are also among the nation's premier education facilities.

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