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AGIR-Model-Welding Techn Influence-Buckling T Beams

AGIR-Model-Welding Techn Influence-Buckling T Beams

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Published by Ioan Sorin Leoveanu
Civil Engineering, Buckling, Welding, Column, Residual stress
Civil Engineering, Buckling, Welding, Column, Residual stress

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Published by: Ioan Sorin Leoveanu on Apr 01, 2012
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09/16/2014

 
ZDA UAGJCME ZA@DMNGNES CMKGQAM@A NM ZDA JNQOGA Z EC_JA_ OAFLP OQ@IGCME
(Xfpar Zctga)
 
Ougatcmug FEC_ mr. 6/?86?
 cfmufrca-lfrtca
 
6
 
ZDA UAGJCME ZA@DMNGNZDA UAGJCME ZA@DMNGNZDA UAGJCME ZA@DMNGNZDA UAGJCME ZA@DMNGNES CMKGQAM@A ES CMKGQAM@A ES CMKGQAM@A ES CMKGQAM@A NM ZDA JNQOGA Z EC_JNM ZDA JNQOGA Z EC_JNM ZDA JNQOGA Z EC_JNM ZDA JNQOGA Z EC_JA_ OAFLP OQ@IGCMEA_ OAFLP OQ@IGCMEA_ OAFLP OQ@IGCMEA_ OAFLP OQ@IGCME
Ga`turar Ame.
Cnfm-Pnrcm GAN[AFMQ,
 XdJ
6
,
 
Fssn`. Xrnk. Ame.
Avf IN_LFMÌIN[Æ
 XdJ
?
,
 
Ga`turar Ame.
Iflcgf Intrfsnvæ
XdJ
?
, Ame.
Jfmcag ZFQP
6
 
6
Qmcvarscty ”Zrfmscgvfmcf“ krnl Orf
Ş
nv
 ?
Za`dmc`fg Qmcvarscty nk InŦc`a, @cvcg Amecmaarcme Kf`ugty, Cmstctuta nk Ptru`turfg Amecmaarcme, Japfrtlamt nk Ptru`turfg La`dfmc`s, InŦc`a, Pgnvficf.
_ARQLFZ. _ARQLFZ. _ARQLFZ. _ARQLFZ. Cm jnlamcug Cmecmarcac @cvcga stru`turcga ja razcstamtĀ latfgc`a fu n jansaoctĀ clpnrtfmŠĀ ím rajuCm jnlamcug Cmecmarcac @cvcga stru`turcga ja razcstamtĀ latfgc`a fu n jansaoctĀ clpnrtfmŠĀ ím rajuCm jnlamcug Cmecmarcac @cvcga stru`turcga ja razcstamtĀ latfgc`a fu n jansaoctĀ clpnrtfmŠĀ ím rajuCm jnlamcug Cmecmarcac @cvcga stru`turcga ja razcstamtĀ latfgc`a fu n jansaoctĀ clpnrtfmŠĀ ím raju`araf eraut`araf eraut`araf eraut`araf erautĀŠĀŠĀŠĀŠcc cc cc cc `nmstru`Šcac `u jansaocra ím `fzug `nmstru`Šccgnr ímfgta, f pnjurcgnr Şc f `nmstru`Šccgnr `u s`np cmjustrcfg. Xamtru f putaf `nmstru`Šcac `u jansaocra ím `fzug `nmstru`Šccgnr ímfgta, f pnjurcgnr Şc f `nmstru`Šccgnr `u s`np cmjustrcfg. Xamtru f putaf `nmstru`Šcac `u jansaocra ím `fzug `nmstru`Šccgnr ímfgta, f pnjurcgnr Şc f `nmstru`Šccgnr `u s`np cmjustrcfg. Xamtru f putaf `nmstru`Šcac `u jansaocra ím `fzug `nmstru`Šccgnr ímfgta, f pnjurcgnr Şc f `nmstru`Šccgnr `u s`np cmjustrcfg. Xamtru f putaf lc`Şnrf `ït lfc lugt erautftaf stru`turcgnr latfgc`a f`astaf sumt prnca`tfta ím jnlamcug agfstnlc`Şnrf `ït lfc lugt erautftaf stru`turcgnr latfgc`a f`astaf sumt prnca`tfta ím jnlamcug agfstnlc`Şnrf `ït lfc lugt erautftaf stru`turcgnr latfgc`a f`astaf sumt prnca`tfta ím jnlamcug agfstnlc`Şnrf `ït lfc lugt erautftaf stru`turcgnr latfgc`a f`astaf sumt prnca`tfta ím jnlamcug agfstn- -- -pgfstc` `aaf `a kf`pgfstc` `aaf `a kf`pgfstc` `aaf `a kf`pgfstc` `aaf `a kf`a `f a `f a `f a `f cmstfocgctĀŠcga gn`fga Şc `aga egnofga sĀ javcmĀ ja n clpnrtfmŠĀ `nvïrŞctnfra. Ja lfra f`tufgctfta ím prazamt, jfr `u pra`ĀjacmstfocgctĀŠcga gn`fga Şc `aga egnofga sĀ javcmĀ ja n clpnrtfmŠĀ `nvïrŞctnfra. Ja lfra f`tufgctfta ím prazamt, jfr `u pra`ĀjacmstfocgctĀŠcga gn`fga Şc `aga egnofga sĀ javcmĀ ja n clpnrtfmŠĀ `nvïrŞctnfra. Ja lfra f`tufgctfta ím prazamt, jfr `u pra`ĀjacmstfocgctĀŠcga gn`fga Şc `aga egnofga sĀ javcmĀ ja n clpnrtfmŠĀ `nvïrŞctnfra. Ja lfra f`tufgctfta ím prazamt, jfr `u pra`Ājara ra ra ra pamtru stru`turcga vcctnfra, tadmngnecf ja sujurĀ prcm lfraf sf kgxcocgctfta `nmstctupamtru stru`turcga vcctnfra, tadmngnecf ja sujurĀ prcm lfraf sf kgxcocgctfta `nmstctupamtru stru`turcga vcctnfra, tadmngnecf ja sujurĀ prcm lfraf sf kgxcocgctfta `nmstctupamtru stru`turcga vcctnfra, tadmngnecf ja sujurĀ prcm lfraf sf kgxcocgctfta `nmstctucccca umf jcmtra na umf jcmtra na umf jcmtra na umf jcmtra n (Lfxclul 1 rïmjurc) @uvcmta `daca2@uvcmta `daca2@uvcmta `daca2@uvcmta `daca2 erautftaf stru`turcgnr latfgc`a f`astaf sumt prnca`tfta. (Lfxclul 6 rïmj) FOPZ_F@Z. FOPZ_F@Z. FOPZ_F@Z. FOPZ_F@Z. Cm @cvcg Amecmaarcme Jascem, tda staag–s stru`turas dfj f eraft clpnrtfm`a nm tda gcedt stru`turas rafgczaj usaj tn Cm @cvcg Amecmaarcme Jascem, tda staag–s stru`turas dfj f eraft clpnrtfm`a nm tda gcedt stru`turas rafgczaj usaj tn Cm @cvcg Amecmaarcme Jascem, tda staag–s stru`turas dfj f eraft clpnrtfm`a nm tda gcedt stru`turas rafgczaj usaj tn Cm @cvcg Amecmaarcme Jascem, tda staag–s stru`turas dfj f eraft clpnrtfm`a nm tda gcedt stru`turas rafgczaj usaj tn tfgg oucgjcmes, orcjeas pcgas fmj tfgg oucgjcmes, orcjeas pcgas fmj tfgg oucgjcmes, orcjeas pcgas fmj tfgg oucgjcmes, orcjeas pcgas fmj ecrjars. Zn rafgcza f slfggast gnfjcme oy tda nwm waced nk tda stru`turas `nlpnmamts tdara ecrjars. Zn rafgcza f slfggast gnfjcme oy tda nwm waced nk tda stru`turas `nlpnmamts tdara ecrjars. Zn rafgcza f slfggast gnfjcme oy tda nwm waced nk tda stru`turas `nlpnmamts tdara ecrjars. Zn rafgcza f slfggast gnfjcme oy tda nwm waced nk tda stru`turas `nlpnmamts tdara jascem cs lfja cm agfstc`jascem cs lfja cm agfstc`jascem cs lfja cm agfstc`jascem cs lfja cm agfstc`- -- -pgfstc` stfta fmj tda egnofg fmj gn`fg cmstfocgcty oa`nla lnra clpnrtfmt. Zda f`tufg tramjs cm tda pgfstc` stfta fmj tda egnofg fmj gn`fg cmstfocgcty oa`nla lnra clpnrtfmt. Zda f`tufg tramjs cm tda pgfstc` stfta fmj tda egnofg fmj gn`fg cmstfocgcty oa`nla lnra clpnrtfmt. Zda f`tufg tramjs cm tda pgfstc` stfta fmj tda egnofg fmj gn`fg cmstfocgcty oa`nla lnra clpnrtfmt. Zda f`tufg tramjs cm tda oucgjcme jascem `nmscst cm uscme tda kgaoucgjcme jascem `nmscst cm uscme tda kgaoucgjcme jascem `nmscst cm uscme tda kgaoucgjcme jascem `nmscst cm uscme tda kgaxcocgcty nk tda wagjcme bncmts ta`dmngney cm fglnst fgg tda staag–s oucgjcmes stru`turas xcocgcty nk tda wagjcme bncmts ta`dmngney cm fglnst fgg tda staag–s oucgjcmes stru`turas xcocgcty nk tda wagjcme bncmts ta`dmngney cm fglnst fgg tda staag–s oucgjcmes stru`turas xcocgcty nk tda wagjcme bncmts ta`dmngney cm fglnst fgg tda staag–s oucgjcmes stru`turas fmj tdasa wnri try tn ecva f wfy knr astfogcsd fm `nrragftcnm oatwaam wagjcme ta`fmj tdasa wnri try tn ecva f wfy knr astfogcsd fm `nrragftcnm oatwaam wagjcme ta`fmj tdasa wnri try tn ecva f wfy knr astfogcsd fm `nrragftcnm oatwaam wagjcme ta`fmj tdasa wnri try tn ecva f wfy knr astfogcsd fm `nrragftcnm oatwaam wagjcme ta`dmngney fmj jcdmngney fmj jcdmngney fmj jcdmngney fmj jc (Lfxclul 1 rïmjurc) Iaywnrjs2Iaywnrjs2Iaywnrjs2Iaywnrjs2 oucgjcme, jascem, kgaxcocgcty, stru`turas `nlpnmamts (Lfxclul 6 rïmj)
6. CMZ_NJQ@ZCNM
Zda astclftcnm nk ou`igcme gnfj fmj jakga`tcnm cm amecmaarcme wfs lfja tda kcrst tcla oy Augar oy uscme tda aqucgcorcul oatwaam tda cmtarmfg fmj axtarmfg lnlamt fmj tda eamarfg jckkaramtcfg nrjcmfry aquftcnm tdft dfj dcs mfla. Zda fpprnxclftcnm ofsaj nm Augar aquftcnm raprasamt fm cjafg ou`igcme oadfvcnr fmj cm prf`tc`a tda cmkguam`a nk tda ycagj strass, `rnss sa`tcnm fmj rascjufg strassas pgfy f `ru`cfg rnga fmj eamarfggy tday cmkguam`a f raju`tcnm kf`tnr vfgua Y;\,Y:\,Y5\. Zda Zda rafg ugtclfta strass cs gnwar tdft Augar ou`igcme strass fmj tda aquftcnm (6) wfs eat wctdnut `nmscjar tda sdfpa fmj jclamscnms nk tda sa`tcnm fmj tda wfy nk `nmstru`tcnm. Zda astclftcnm nk ou`igcme gnfj fmj jakga`tcnm cm amecmaarcme wfs lfja tda kcrst tcla oy Augar oy uscme tda aqucgcorcul oatwaam tda cmtarmfg fmj axtarmfg lnlamt fmj tda eamarfg jckkaramtcfg nrjcmfry aquftcnm tdft dfj dcs mfla. Zda fpprnxclftcnm ofsaj nm Augar aquftcnm raprasamt fm cjafg ou`igcme oadfvcnr fmj cm prf`tc`a tda cmkguam`a nk tda ycagj strass, `rnss sa`tcnm fmj rascjufg strassas pgfy f `ru`cfg rnga fmj eamarfggy tday cmkguam`a f raju`tcnm kf`tnr vfgua Y;\,Y:\,Y5\. Zda Zda rafg ugtclfta strass cs gnwar tdft Augar ou`igcme strass fmj tda aquftcnm (6) wfs eat wctdnut `nmscjar tda sdfpa fmj jclamscnms nk tda sa`tcnm fmj tda wfy nk `nmstru`tcnm. raju`tcnm kf`tnr (
ϑ
) cs jatarlcmfta ofsaj nk tda ragftcva sgamjarmass (
ι
).
?
6
ϑ <ι
rag
 (6) wdara
 A 
 cs tda agfstc`cty lnjugus9
ι <ψπ
 kgrag
 G A F
 tda ragftcva sgamjarmass9
 G
 kg
 ‐ tda ou`igcme gametd9
π
 ‐ tda ycagj strass9
 C 
 ‐ tda cmartcf lnlamtul9
 F
 ‐ sa`tcnm fraf Zda rafg ugtclfta strass cs gnwar tdft Augar ou`igcme strass fmj tda aquftcnm (6) wfs eat wctdnut `nmscjar tda sdfpa fmj jclamscnms nk tda sa`tcnm fmj tda wfy nk `nmstru`tcnm. Zda astclftcnm nk ou`igcme gnfj fmj jakga`tcnm cm amecmaarcme wfs lfja tda kcrst tcla oy Augar oy uscme tda aqucgcorcul oatwaam tda cmtarmfg fmj axtarmfg lnlamt fmj tda eamarfg jckkaramtcfg nrjcmfry aquftcnm tdft dfj dcs mfla. Zda fpprnxclftcnm ofsaj nm Augar aquftcnm raprasamt fm cjafg ou`igcme oadfvcnr fmj cm prf`tc`a tda cmkguam`a nk tda ycagj strass, `rnss sa`tcnm fmj rascjufg strassas pgfy f `ru`cfg rnga fmj eamarfggy tday cmkguam`a f raju`tcnm kf`tnr vfgua Y;\,Y:\,Y5\. Zda
 
UN_GJ AMA_ES PSPZAL @NMKA_AM@A ‐ UAP@ ?86?
(Mfla nk @nmkaram`a)
 
Ougatcmug FEC_ mr. 0/?86?
 cumca-fueust
 
?
 f) _aju`tcnm kf`tnr kum`tcnm nk sgamjarmass o) Pa`tcnmfg sdfpas fmj ycagj lftarcfg jcferfl knr raju`tcnm kf`tnr kum`tcnm nk sgamjarmass
Kce. 6.
_aju`tcnm kf`tnr/sgamjarmass jcferfls knr ugtclfta gnfj astfogcsdcme.
Zda rafg ugtclfta strass cs gnwar tdft Augar ou`igcme strass fmj tda aquftcnm (6) wfs eat wctdnut `nmscjar tda sdfpa fmj jclamscnms nk tda sa`tcnm fmj tda wfy nk `nmstru`tcnm. Ofsaj nm ou`igcme fmfgyscs eat oy wagg imnwm Augar aquftcnm, tda prf`tc`fg axparcam`as lfja knr jckkaramt sa`tcnmfg sdfpas ernups fmj jckkaramt staags prnprcaty knur sgamjarmass erfpdc`s rasugts fmj fra usaj cm fgg tda stfmjfrjs cm @cvcg Amecmaarcme. (Kce. 6f). Zda ugtclfta gnfj cs `nlputa wctd tda ragftcnm2
< ϑ⋁ ⋁π
`fp
KF
 (?) Fm a``amtrc` lnlamt tn `dfmea tda gn`ftcnm nk tda gnfj fmj tda gnfj cs gn`ftaj cm tda `amtra nk erfvcty nk maw akka`tcva sa`tcnm.
?. FMFGSZC@FG LNJAG KN_ _APCJQFG PZ_APPAP @NMPCJA_FZCNM
Eamarfg `nmscjarftcnms2
n
 
Zda gnfj cs mnt cm tda eanlatrc`fg `amtar nk tda sa`tcnm fmj dfs vfrcftcnm kum`tcnm nk cmctcfg jakga`tcnm fmj `nlprassaj gnfj vfgua.
n
 
Zda lfxclul gnfjs fra cm tda lcjjga sa`tcnm nk tda ecrjar fmj fra fppgcaj nvar tda wdnga ecrjar.
n
 
Knr gnw vfgua gnfjs tda lftarcfg fra cm agfstc` stfta cm fgg tda sa`tcnm fmj tda `gfssc`fg ragftcnms `fm oa usaj.
n
 
Udam tda gnfjs cm`rafsas fmj f pfrt nk tda sa`tcnm stfrts tn ycagj tda jakga`tcnm cm`rafsa mnmgcmafr fmj wa lust eat f maw fpprnxclftcnm knr tda pdamnlamnm lust oa lfja.
n
 
Zda `nlprasscnm strass cm tda fraf tdft oa`nlas pgfstc` wcgg mnt cm`rafsa nvar tda `nlprasscnm ycagj strass.
n
 
Zda pfrts nk sa`tcnm wdara tda strass fra gcttga tdft `nlprasscnm ycagjs wcgg oa `nmscjaraj raju`aj `rnss-sa`tcnm nr akka`tcva `rnss-sa`tcnm.
n
 
Zda akka`tcva `rnss-sa`tcnm cs fsyllatrc` fmj tda erfvcty `amtar sdckt wctd avary gnfj vfgua.
n
 
Jn tn `nmscjarftcnm tdft tda strass ft lcj-sa`tcnm cs axtamjaj nvar wdnga ecrjar, tda erfvcty `amtar `dfmea tda pnsctcnm cm fgg tda sa`tcnms.
n
 
Knr `fg`ugftcnm, tda knr`a cs gn`ftaj cm tda erfvcty `amtra fmj tda sdckt nk erfvcty `amtar cs fpprnxclfta uscme fm fjjaj oamjcme lnlamt. Zdft oamjcme lnlamt eamarfta fm axtrf jakga`tcnm fmj tda sdckt fefcmst tda erfvcty `amtar nk tda sa`tcnm.
n
 
Zda cmctcfg jakga`tcnm cs `nmscjarfta. Ck tda pfrtcfg ycagjcme gnfj nm tda stru`tura cs `fggaj
6
 tdam tda tntfg jakga`tcnm nk tda lcjjga sa`tcnm nk f oafl `ngulm wcgg oa2
866
<
 A  A 
KaK
 (0) wdara2
??
ψ <
 A ak 
 A G
 cs tda Augar ou`igcme gnfj9
6
tda tntfg jakga`tcnm ft knr`a
6
9
8
 ‐ tda cmctcfg jakga`tcnm (wdam
 < 8 M)9
6
 ‐ tda pfrtcfg ycagjcme gnfj. Oa`fusa tda scma sdfpas nk tda jakga`tcnm, tda lnst `rctc`fg `rnss-sa`tcnm cs tda lcjjga sa`tcnm nk tda oafl fmj tda strass sdfpa cm tdft sa`tcnm cs `nmscjarfta tn oa tda safl cm fgg tda oafl `rnss sa`tcnms. Cm rafgcty tda amjs znma nk tda oafl stfrt tn ycagj ft gfrear gnfjs tdft tda lcjjga znma nk tda oafl. Zdft fssulptcnm cs lfja knr lftdalftc`fg lnjagcme sclpgckc`ftcnm. P`dalftc`fg-gy, tda ctarftcva lnjckc`ftcnm nk tda gnfjs fmj strass cm tda lcjjga sa`tcnm nk tda oafl usaj cm lftdalftc`fg latdnj cs prasamtaj cm Kceura ?.
 
ZDA UAGJCME ZA@DMNGNES CMKGQAM@A NM ZDA JNQOGA Z EC_JA_ OAFLP OQ@IGCME
(Xfpar Zctga)
 
Ougatcmug FEC_ mr. 6/?86?
 cfmufrca-lfrtca
 
0
Zda `urramt fmfgyza gnfj `fsa
‗c“
 jftas fra tda gnfjs nk tda pravcnus gnfj `fsa fmj tda jakga`tcnm `fg`ugftaj cm tdcs pravcnus gnfj `fsa,
‗c ‐ 6“
. Zda nrcecmfg jakga`tcnm,
8
 fppafr cm tda kcrst gnfj `fsa
c < 6
. Zda rascjufg strass cs `nmscjarfta uscme tda sclpgckcaj sdfpa rapfrtctcnm, ecvam cm Kceura 0.
Zda oafl jakga`tcnm lnjag `nmscjarftcnm Oafl gnfj fmj a``amtrc`cty Mntftcnms
Knr`a cm tda erfvcty sa`tcnmfg pncmt 
(c)
 < K 
(tnt)
-K 
(c-
6
)
(c)
 ‐ tda axtrf gnfj nk tda `nlprassaj oafj
(tnt,c)
 ‐ tda tntfg jakga`tcnm ft
(c-
6
)
 
(m,c)
 ‐ tda
 jakga`tcnm jua a``amtrc` knr`a
(c)
 ‐ tda jakga`tcnm jua tn
6
 
 z
(c)
 ‐ tda sdckt oatwaam tda akka`tcva sa`tcnm erfvcty pncmt fmj nrcecmfg erfvcty sa`tcnm pncmt Ptckkmass jm nk pncmt fppgc`ftcnm Gnfjcme knr`a systal knr jakga`tcnm `fg`ugftcnm 
Kce. ?.
 Zda `nlputcme s`dala nk tda jakga`tcnm nk `nlprassaj oafl.
_ascjufg strass sdfpa @nmscjaraj sa`tcnms avngutcnm umjar gnfjs
_aju`aj rascjufg strass jcferfl Xrnkcga wctdnut raju`tcnms (C
6
,F
6
) Xrnkcga wctd raju`tcnm nm gakt kgfmea (C
?
,F
?
) 
Kce. 0.
Pclpgckcaj rascjufg strass sdfpa rapfrtctcnm.

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