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Sodium Bicarbonate & Sodium Carbonate

Sodium Bicarbonate & Sodium Carbonate

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Published by Tuan Em Le

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Published by: Tuan Em Le on Apr 02, 2012
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11/26/2013

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Prof. ShakhashiriChemistry 104-2
October 14, 2010
www.scifun.org 
SODIUM HYDROGEN CARBONATEAND SODIUM CARBONATE
One important industrial process is the Solvay process in which sodium hydrogen carbonate (sodiumbicarbonate, NaHCO
3
) and sodium carbonate (soda ash, Na
2
CO
3
) are produced from ammonia, carbondioxide, water, and concentrated brine solution. The Solvay process is significant because it uses inexpensiveand plentiful raw materials to prepare useful chemicals.The overall chemical reactions that occur in the Solvay process are represented by the following twoequations.CO
2
(
g
) + H
2
O(
l
) + NH
3
(
g
) + Na
+
(
aq
)
xxxv
0-15°C
NaHCO
3
(
s
) + NH
4+
(
aq
)(1)NaHCO
3
(
s
)
xxxv
300°C
Na
2
CO
3
(
s
) + CO
2
(
g
) + H
2
O(
g
)(2)The carbon dioxide produced in the second reaction is recycled to generate more NaHCO
3
.The figure contains a schematic diagram of the manufacturing process.

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