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Open Data Overview (Irish National Open Data Working Group)

Open Data Overview (Irish National Open Data Working Group)

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An overview of open data technologies and definitions, by the Irish National Open Data Working Group. http://data.fingal.ie/media/open-data-overview.pdf
An overview of open data technologies and definitions, by the Irish National Open Data Working Group. http://data.fingal.ie/media/open-data-overview.pdf

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Published by: ePSI Platform on Apr 02, 2012
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04/02/2012

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 Open Data Overview
Author: Deirdre Lee, DERI, NUI Galway
 
 Contents
Open Data Overview ............................................................................................................................... 1What is Open Data .............................................................................................................................. 3How to Publish Open Data .................................................................................................................. 4Open Data Technologies ..................................................................................................................... 4CKAN ............................................................................................................................................... 4INSPIRE ............................................................................................................................................ 4DCAT ................................................................................................................................................ 5VOID ................................................................................................................................................ 6JoinUp Core Vocabularies & ADMS ................................................................................................. 6Linked Open Data Projects, Technologies & Tools ............................................................................. 6Bibliography ........................................................................................................................................ 7
 
What is Open Data
The goal of the Open Data initiative is to motivate governments and organisations to makeinformation freely available and easily accessible online. The benefits of Open Data are economic,through the identification of new business opportunities, and social, through increasedtransparency, participation and accountability.The Open Knowledge Foundation defines a work as ‘open’ if it satisfies the specified conditions of access, redistribution, reuse, absence of technological restriction, attribution, integrity,discrimination and license - in essence a work is open if it can be freely used, reused andredistributed by anyone [1]. Although any institution or organisation may produce Open Data, forexample the World Bank
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, the Guardian
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, University of Southampton
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and Enel
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Governments have traditionally been protective over the data they collect, citing national securityand citizen privacy as reasons. However Open Government Data does not pertain to sensitive orindividual information, but core public data on transport, infrastructure, education, health, crime,environment, etc. Many believe that public data should be open by default, as it is informationpertaining to the public domain and has been collected using public finances, i.e. taxes., an emphasis isplaced on publishing information from public authorities: Open Government Data. OpenGovernment Data refers to data and information produced or commissioned by the government orgovernment controlled entities [2].Freedom of information legislation comprises laws that guarantee access to data held by the state.According to Wikipedia, over 85 countries around the world have implemented some form of suchlegislation, with Sweden's Freedom of the Press Act of 1766 is the oldest in the world
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. In addition tonational legislation, the European Union created the Directive 2003/98/EC of the EuropeanParliament and the Council of 17 November 2003 on the re-use of public sector information
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The United States of America and the United Kingdom led the way in terms of Open Data. In January2009, President Obama issued a memo on Transparency and Open Government as one of his firstacts in office and data.gov,. Thisintroduced a common legislative framework regulating how public sector bodies should make theirinformation available for re-use in order to remove barriers such as discriminatory practices,monopoly markets and a lack of transparency.
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was launched in May 2009. Under the Gordon Brown governmentdata.gov.uk
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was launched in January 2010. London also launched a datastore for the capital
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.Datacatalogs.org
 
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claims that there are now 200 registered data catalogues available online, from
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