1. Aum, the word, is all this [i.e. the whole universe]. A clear explanation of it is as follows: All that is past, present, andfuture is, indeed, Aum. And whatever else there is, beyond the three—fold division of time – that also is truly Aum.2. All this is, indeed, Brahman. This Atman is Brahman. This same Atman has four quarters (padas).3. The first quarter (pada) is called Vaisvanara, whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of externalobjects, who has seven limbs and nineteen mouths, and who is the experiencer of gross objects.4. The second quarter (pada) is Tajasa, whose sphere of activity is the dream state, who is conscious of internal objects,who is endowed with seven limbs and nineteen mouths, and who is the experiencer of subtle objects.5. That is the state of deep sleep wherein one asleep neither desires any object nor sees any dream. The third quarter isPrajna, whose sphere is deep sleep, in whom all experiences become unified, who is, verily, a mass of consciousness, whois full of bliss and experiences bliss, and who is the door leading to the knowledge [of dreaming and waking].6. He is the Lord of all. He is the knower of all. He is the inner controller. He is the source of all; for from him all beingsoriginate and in him they finally disappear.7. Turiya is not that which is conscious of the inner (subjective) world, nor that which is conscious of the outer (objective)world, nor that which is conscious of both, nor that which is a mass of consciousness. It is not simple consciousness nor isIt unconsciousness. It is unperceived, unrelated, incomprehensible, uninferable, unthinkable, and indescribable. Theessence of the Consciousness manifesting as the self [in the three states], It is the cessation of all phenomena; It is allpeace, all bliss, and non—dual. That is what is known as the Fourth (Turiya). This is Atman, and this has to be realized.8. The same Atman [explained before as being endowed with four quarters] is now described from the standpoint of thesyllable AUM. AUM, too, divided into parts, is viewed from the standpoint of letters. The quarters [of Atman] are the sameas the letters of AUM, and the letters are the same as the quarters. The letters are A, U, and M.9. Vaisvanara Atman, whose sphere of activity is the waking state, is A, the first letter [of AUM], on account of his all—pervasiveness or on account of his being the first. He who knows this obtains all desires and becomes first [among thegreat].10. Taijasa Atman, whose sphere of activity is the dream state is U, the second letter [of AUM], on account of hissuperiority or intermediateness. He who knows this attains a superior knowledge, receives equal treatment from all, andfinds in his family no one ignorant of Brahman.11. Prajna Atman, whose sphere is deep sleep, is M, the third letter [of AUM], because both are the measure and alsobecause in them all become one. He who knows this is able to measure all and also comprehends all within himself.12. The Fourth (Turiya) is without parts and without relationship; It is the cessation of phenomena; It is all good and non—dual. This AUM is verily Atman. He who knows this merges his self in Atman – yea, he who knows this.
MANDUKYA UPANISHAD KARIKA by Gaudapada
BOOK I: VEDIC TESTIMONY (Agama Prakarana)
1. Visva is all-pervading and experiences the gross. Taijasa experiences the subtle. Prajna is a mass of awareness. It is onewho is known in all three states.2. Visva's "mouth" is in the right eye. Taijasa's is within the mind-organ, Prajna is the space within the heart. - Presentthree ways in the body.3. Visva always enjoys the gross, Taijasa the subtle, Prajna enjoys bliss. Know enjoyment to be threefold.4. The gross satisfies Visva, the subtle Taijasa, and bliss Prajna: know satisfaction to be threefold.5. He who knows the one experiencer and the one object of experience in all the three states is not affected by enjoymentof objects.6. All objects come into being. Prana creates all. Purush creates the separate rays of consciousness.7. Those who dwell on creation consider it a divine miracle. Others imagine it is like a dream or an illusion.8. Some are convinced creation is by the mere will of God. Those who are fascinated by time declare time to be the sourceof all things.9. Others say creation is for God's delight, others that it is for mere sport. But it is the true nature of the Divine One - whatdesire can He have whose every desire is always fulfilled?10. In the matter of the eradication of sorrows, it is the Inexhaustible Non-dual One - the Lord - who rules. Turiya is knownas the all-pervading source of all that is.11. Visva and Taijasa are conditioned by both cause and effect, prajna by cause alone. Neither exists in Turiya.