March 30, 2012
Latin America Economic Research
Mexico Economic Comment:What to expect from theupcoming general elections
Mexico will hold Presidential and Congressional elections on July 1
The official campaign kick-off took place today
The centrist PRI candidate is leading the polls by a wide margin...
... but we expect a much closer race as we move towards the election
In contrast to 2006, the proposals of the three major candidates embrace fiscaldiscipline and low inflation
The outcome of this election couldspur reform optimismThis year Mexico will hold Presidential and Congressional elections
. Mexican citizens willchoose the country’s new President on July 1. On that same date, both chambers, the Lower House and the Senate will be fully renewed,while there will also be elections for governorshipsin seven states, and for municipal heads and local legislators in fifteen states (please see thetable belowtable). The official kick-off of the campaigns took place today (March 30), whileJune 27 will be the last day for candidates to perform proselytistic activities and -as it isaforementioned-, the elections will take place on Sunday July 1.
Elections in July 1, 2012
FederalState governorship and local Congress
President Chiapas*Senate Federal DistrictRepresentatives Guanajuato
JaliscoCampeche MorelosColima TabascoNuevo León YucatánQuerétaroSan Luis PotosíSonoraState of México
Source: IFE *Election for State Governor will be conducted on August 19.
We highlight that re-election for President is strictly forbidden in Mexico and there is noconsecutive re-election for legislators and other positions at the state level. It is also worthnoting that Mexico has a one-round voting system, and with the exception of certain legislators,the results are judged in absolute terms (
no “electoral vote”). Voting in Mexico is notcompulsory, and voting is a right for Mexican citizens to exercise either within Mexico’sterritory -in an assigned district quite close to their registered address-, or abroad, if nationalsliving off-shore pre-register. The Federal elections (President and Federal Legislators) areorganized by the Federal Electoral Institute (
), with an important participation of the general population, and are enforced by the Federal Electoral Tribunal (
). On the other hand,local electoral institutes at the state level are responsible for conducting state governorship,