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Table Of Contents

1.1 Channel Equalization
FIGURE 1.1
FIGURE 1.2
1.2 Source Separation
1.3 Organization and Contents
Statistical Characterization of Signals and Systems
2.1 Signals and Systems
2.1.1 Signals
2.1.1.1 Continuous- and Discrete-Time Signals
2.1.1.2 Analog and Digital Signals
FIGURE 2.1
2.1.1.4 Energy Signals and Power Signals
2.1.1.5 Deterministic and Random Signals
2.1.2 Transforms
2.1.2.3 The Laplace Transform
2.1.2.4 The z-Transform
2.1.3 Systems
2.1.3.1 SISO/SIMO/MISO/MIMO Systems
2.1.3.2 Causal Systems
2.1.3.3 Invertible Systems
2.1.3.4 Stable Systems
2.1.3.5 Linear Systems
2.1.3.6 Time-Invariant Systems
2.1.3.7 Linear Time-Invariant Systems
2.1.4 Transfer Function and Frequency Response
2.2 Digital Signal Processing
2.2.1 The Sampling Theorem
2.2.2 The Filtering Problem
2.3 Probability Theory and Randomness
2.3.1 Definition of Probability
2.3.2 Random Variables
2.3.2.1 Joint and Conditional Densities
2.3.3.1 Properties of Cumulants
2.3.3.3 Joint Cumulants
2.4 Stochastic Processes
2.4.2 Stationarity
2.4.3 Ergodicity
2.4.4 Cyclostationarity
2.4.5 Discrete-Time Random Signals
2.4.6 Linear Time-Invariant Systems with Random Inputs
2.5 Estimation Theory
2.5.1 The Estimation Problem
2.5.1.1 Single-Parameter Estimation
2.5.1.2 Multiple-Parameter Estimation
2.5.2 Properties of Estimators
2.5.2.1 Bias
2.5.2.3 Cramér–Rao Bound
2.5.3 Maximum Likelihood Estimation
2.5.4 Bayesian Approach
2.5.4.1 Maximum a Posteriori Estimation
2.5.4.2 Minimum Mean-Squared Error
2.5.5 Least Squares Estimation
2.6 Concluding Remarks
Linear Optimal and Adaptive Filtering
3.1 Supervised Linear Filtering
3.1.1 System Identification
3.1.2 Deconvolution: Channel Equalization
3.1.3 Linear Prediction
FIGURE 3.4
3.2 Wiener Filtering
3.2.1 The MSE Surface
TABLE 3.1
3.3 The Steepest-Descent Algorithm
FIGURE 3.8
FIGURE 3.9
FIGURE 3.10
3.4 The Least Mean Square Algorithm
3.5 The Method of Least Squares
3.5.1 The Recursive Least-Squares Algorithm
3.6 A Few Remarks Concerning Structural Extensions
3.6.1 Infinite Impulse Response Filters
3.6.2 Nonlinear Filters
3.7 Linear Filtering without a Reference Signal
3.7.1 Constrained Optimal Filters
3.9 Concluding Remarks
Unsupervised Channel Equalization
4.1 The Unsupervised Deconvolution Problem
4.1.1 The Specific Case of Equalization
FIGURE 4.1
FIGURE 4.2
4.2 Fundamental Theorems
4.2.1 The Benveniste–Goursat–Ruget Theorem
4.2.2 The Shalvi–Weinstein Theorem
4.3 Bussgang Algorithms
FIGURE 4.3
4.3.1 The Decision-Directed Algorithm
4.3.2 The Sato Algorithm
4.3.3 The Godard Algorithm
4.4 The Shalvi–Weinstein Algorithm
4.4.1 Constrained Algorithm
4.4.2 Unconstrained Algorithm
4.5 The Super-Exponential Algorithm
4.6.1 Analysis of the Decision-Directed Criterion
FIGURE 4.4
FIGURE 4.5
4.6.3 Analysis of the Constant Modulus Criterion
4.6.4.1 Ill-Convergence in the Equalizer Domain
FIGURE 4.6
4.7 Relationships between Equalization Criteria
4.8 Concluding Remarks
Unsupervised Multichannel Equalization
5.1 Systems with Multiple Inputs and/or Multiple Outputs
FIGURE 5.1
FIGURE 5.2
5.2 SIMO Channel Equalization
FIGURE 5.3
FIGURE 5.4
5.2.1 Oversampling and the SIMO Model
5.2.2 Cyclostationary Statistics of Oversampled Signals
5.2.3 Representations of the SIMO Model
5.2.3.1 Standard Representation
5.2.3.2 Representation via the Sylvester Matrix
5.3.2 Blind Equalization Based on Subspace Decomposition
5.3.3 Blind Equalization Based on Linear Prediction
5.4 MIMO Channels and Multiuser Processing
5.4.1.1 The Multiuser Constant Modulus Algorithm
5.4.2.1 The Multiuser Kurtosis Algorithm
5.5 Concluding Remarks
Blind Source Separation
6.1 The Problem of Blind Source Separation
6.2 Independent Component Analysis
6.2.1 Preprocessing: Whitening
6.2.2 Criteria for Independent Component Analysis
FIGURE 6.2
6.2.2.1 Mutual Information
6.2.2.2 A Criterion Based on Higher-Order Statistics
6.2.2.3 Nonlinear Decorrelation
6.2.2.4 Non-Gaussianity Maximization
6.3 Algorithms for Independent Component Analysis
6.3.1 Hérault and Jutten’s Approach
6.3.2 The Infomax Algorithm
6.3.3 Nonlinear PCA
6.3.4 The JADE Algorithm
6.3.6 The FastICA Algorithm
6.4 Other Approaches for Blind Source Separation
6.4.1 Exploring the Correlation Structure of the Sources
6.4.2 Nonnegative Independent Component Analysis
FIGURE 6.6
6.4.3 Sparse Component Analysis
FIGURE 6.7
FIGURE 6.8
6.4.4 Bayesian Approaches
6.5 Convolutive Mixtures
6.5.1 Source Separation in the Time Domain
6.5.2 Signal Separation in the Frequency Domain
6.6 Nonlinear Mixtures
6.6.1 Nonlinear ICA
6.6.2 Post-Nonlinear Mixtures
FIGURE 6.11
6.6.3 Mutual Information Minimization
6.6.4 Gaussianization
6.7 Concluding Remarks
Nonlinear Filtering and Machine Learning
7.1 Decision-Feedback Equalizers
FIGURE 7.1
7.1.1 Predictive DFE Approach
FIGURE 7.2
7.2 Volterra Filters
FIGURE 7.3
7.3 Equalization as a Classification Task
TABLE 7.1
7.3.1 Derivation of the Bayesian Equalizer
7.4 Artificial Neural Networks
7.4.1 A Neuron Model
7.4.2 The Multilayer Perceptron
7.4.2.1 The Backpropagation Algorithm
7.4.3 The Radial-Basis Function Network
FIGURE 7.10
FIGURE 7.11
7.5 Concluding Remarks
Bio-Inspired Optimization Methods
8.1 Why Bio-Inspired Computing?
8.2 Genetic Algorithms
8.2.1 Fundamental Concepts and Terminology
8.2.2 A Basic Genetic Algorithm
8.2.3 Coding
FIGURE 8.3
FIGURE 8.4
TABLE 8.2
TABLE 8.3
Appendix A: Some Properties of the Correlation Matrix
A.1 Hermitian Property
A.2 Eigenstructure
Appendix B: Kalman Filter
B.1 State-Space Model
FIGURE B.1
B.2 Deriving the Kalman Filter
References
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Unsupervised Signal Processing Channel Equalization and Source Separation

Unsupervised Signal Processing Channel Equalization and Source Separation

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Published by: tataratatachiwawa on Apr 03, 2012
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