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Dredged Up from the Past – Issue 10 – Archaeological Finds Reporting Service Newsletter

Dredged Up from the Past – Issue 10 – Archaeological Finds Reporting Service Newsletter

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Published by Wessex Archaeology
Welcome to Issue 10 of Dredged Up, the popular newsletter of the BMAPA/TCE/EH Protocol Implementation Service.
October marked the beginning of the new Protocol year and the 2010-2011 annual report was published in December. You can download it, and all Protocol annual reports from: http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/projects/marine/bmapa/docs.html
This year’s report contains all the wharf reports produced during the 2010-2011 Protocol reporting year, as well as two interesting case studies on other industry protocols that have developed out of the BMAPA/TCE/EH experience and another on faunal remains from the seabed.
Welcome to Issue 10 of Dredged Up, the popular newsletter of the BMAPA/TCE/EH Protocol Implementation Service.
October marked the beginning of the new Protocol year and the 2010-2011 annual report was published in December. You can download it, and all Protocol annual reports from: http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/projects/marine/bmapa/docs.html
This year’s report contains all the wharf reports produced during the 2010-2011 Protocol reporting year, as well as two interesting case studies on other industry protocols that have developed out of the BMAPA/TCE/EH experience and another on faunal remains from the seabed.

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Published by: Wessex Archaeology on Apr 03, 2012
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The 2010-2011 Find Award results areannounced on page 2 with a selection of finds reported since the last issue on page 3.Discover how Protocol finds help EnglishHeritage (EH) to build a picture of themarine historic environment, throughMarion Page’s article on the NationalRecord for the Historic Environment (p8).
Protocol Update
1
Welcome to Issue 10 of Dredged Up, thepopular newsletter of the BMAPA/TCE/EHProtocol Implementation Service.October marked the beginning of the newProtocol year and the 2010-2011 annualreport was published in December. Youcan download it, and all Protocol annualreports from:
http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/projects/marine/bmapa/docs.html
This year’s report contains all the wharf reports produced during the 2010-2011Protocol reporting year, as well as twointeresting case studies on other industryprotocols that have developed out of theBMAPA/TCE/EH experience and anotheron faunal remains from the seabed.This issue discusses how Protocol finds canshed light on archaeologists’ understandingof submerged prehistoric landscapes aroundthe coast (p4-5). Plus an update on recentarchaeological work in the Area 240exclusion zone (p6).
Reconstruction of the River Arun landscape,now submerged beneath the English Channel
Awareness
Awareness is key toincreasing the numberof finds and ensuringthat the marine historicenvironment is protected.If new wharf staff havejoined your team or youwould just like refreshertraining, then get in touchto book a visit, these arefree, very informativeand fun!
Email us on protocol@wessexarch.co.uk or call 01722 326867 to find out more.
DredgedUp
from the past
Spring 2012
Issue 10Archaeology Finds Reporting Service Newsletter
Dredging aggregate from Area 240 
 
Best Attitude by a VesselBest Find.wasawarded to CEMEX’sfor reporting many different typesof finds including fossilised deerbone, ship timber (see right) andmammoth bone. Their diligencein wrapping fragile timber inpolythene and tape to protect andpreserve finds ensured they arrivedsafely at WA for examination.A Cartwheel Penny discovered bystaff at Bedhampton Wharf after itwas dredged from Licence Area 127was awarded This smallfind was correctly identified by wharf staff as a coin and they also providedexcellent photos. Large numbers of Cartwheel Pennies were minted during thereign of King George III in 1797 and 1798.The front of the coin bears the profile of King George III, with the reverse depictingBritannia seated and looking to the right.A special mention goes to HansonAggregates Marine for their collaborativework with a survey company in reporting ananimal bone fragment discovered during atrawl survey (shown on page 3).Additional mention goes to Hanson’s workin Area 240 as, following planning with EHand WA, they cautiously dredged the smallareas within the current exclusion zonewith archaeologists on board to examinethe loads for finds. Find out more aboutthis work on page 6.
Sand Falcon
We are pleased to announce the resultsof the 2010-2011 Find Awards. The winnerswere nominated by staff at WessexArchaeology (WA) who work closely withaggregates industry staff on both wharvesand vessels. They were approved byIan Oxley of English Heritage andMark Russell of BMAPA.Yet again, the Protocol has yielded somefascinating finds of varying age and origin.All aspects of the marine historicenvironment have been illustrated bythis year’s finds. The 2010-2011 FindAwards go to:Tarmac’s Greenwich Wharf CEMEX’s— Cartwheel Pennydiscovered at Bedhampton Wharf Tarmac’s Greenwich Wharf was awardedfor reporting someexcellent finds over the past year includinga complete barshot. Their fantasticphotography has significantly aided WA’sidentification of their reported finds, forexample the detailed close-ups of theserial number on an aircraft undercarriagelocking pin identified it as a part from aWorld War Two Spitfire (see below).
Sand Falcon
Best Attitude by a Wharf Best Attitude by a VesselBest FindBest Attitude by a Wharf 
2010-2011 Find Awards
2
Barshot from Greenwich Wharf 
5 cm
Congratulations to everyone and keepup the good work. For more informationabout finds that have been reportedover the past year, check out our annualreport which can be downloaded fromthe Protocol website.
http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/projects/marine/bmapa/docs.html
 
N.C. Sait discovered this wooden rudder atTarmac’s Burnley Wharf amongst materialdredged from Licence Area 122/3, whichlies off the Isle of Wight. This type of rudder is known as a pintle-and-gudgeonand would have been stern-mounted on awooden vessel. The rudder is damaged so itis not possible to ascertain the exact size,however it is estimated that it may havebeen used on a vessel with a keel lengthof 8 to 15 metres.This find was correctly identified by staff at Brett Aggregates Cliffe Wharf as a gasmask. Despite the presence of a serialmark (W.M 231) formal identification isnot possible as a comprehensive list is notavailable. The shape and size of the masksuggests that it was for an adult and issimilar to known World War Two masks inthe Imperial War Museum’s collection.The origin of the maskis also unknown as itwas discoveredamongst mixedload aggregatefrom bothHumber andEast EnglishChannel regions.N. Coombs discovered this mammoth toothonboard . It was discoveredamongst aggregate dredged from LicenceArea 447 in the Thames region. There aremany different types of mammoth,however Andy Currant from the NaturalHistory Museum suggested that this toothfragment may belong to, an early species which livedfrom 2.5 million to 100,000 years ago.Finds like this can aid our understandingof submerged prehistoric landscapes, readmore about this on pages 4-5.
Sand Fulmar Mammuthusmeridonalis
3
Finds from 2010-2011Finds from 2011-2012 so far…
 Andy Currant
5 cm5 cm 5 cm
This animalbone fragment wasdiscovered by a surveycontractor following trawl dredgesampling for Hanson Aggregates Marinein Area 372/1, off the Isle of Wight. It wasidentified as a fragment of the end of acattle long bone. It appears to be unfused,which suggests the animal died at around3 years of age. The age of the bone, aprime age for butchery, suggests it maybe waste from a vessel although therewere no visiblebutchering marks.It could date fromas early as themedieval period.
5 cm
 Animal bone fragment

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