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Nepal: mine risk education

Nepal: mine risk education

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All modern-day armed conflicts have left behind problems of explosive remnants of war (ERW), usually for years or even decades after the conflict ended. Nepal is no exception and during the decade-long conflict the parties to the conflict used improvised explosive devices (IEDs), landmines and other types of explosive devices. Due to the nature of the conflict, explosive ordnance contamination was widespread and has affected many different districts in all five regions of the country.
All modern-day armed conflicts have left behind problems of explosive remnants of war (ERW), usually for years or even decades after the conflict ended. Nepal is no exception and during the decade-long conflict the parties to the conflict used improvised explosive devices (IEDs), landmines and other types of explosive devices. Due to the nature of the conflict, explosive ordnance contamination was widespread and has affected many different districts in all five regions of the country.

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Published by: International Committee of the Red Cross on Apr 03, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/30/2013

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MINE RISK EDUCATION
 
International Committee of the Red CrossGPO Box: 21225, Meen Bhawan, Naya BaneshworKathmandu, Nepal T (00977) 1 4107285 / 4107279F (00977) 1 4107137E-mail kathmandu@icrc.org, www.icrc.org© ICRC, March 2012National Headquarters, Red Cross Marga,PO Box 217, Kalimati, Kathmandu , Nepal Tel: (00977) 1 4270650 / 4272761Fax: (00977) 1 4271915E-mail: info@nrcs.org www.nrcs.orgCover Photo: MRE focal person from NRCS Headquarters conducting EMRE session in Myagdidistrict in 2011.
 
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FOREWORD
 The armed conict in Nepal left behind dangerous explosive remnants of war (ERWs)that continue to kill and maim people after the last gun shot was red years ago. TheComprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed by the parties to the conict in November2006 to end the conict stated that both parties were obliged to provide information onlandmine elds and areas with explosive ordnances, and support each other to remove,destroy and diuse such land mines and explosive ordnances within 30 days. In total, 53mineelds and 273 improvised explosive devices (IED) elds were identied and marked.Despite the agreement, the commitments expressed in the CPA could not be fullledcompletely within the stated timeframe. The lack of awareness and knowledge about the risks of landmines and other explosiveordnances combined with a lack of information pertaining to the various types of improvised devices used and their locations further compound the problem. Withincreased mobility after the conict, people and especially children, fell victim to suchexplosive devices. Since 2006, about 500 people have become victims of these deviceswith 81 of them killed. Children are particularly vulnerable, of the total, 44 children losttheir lives while 213 were injured.Half a decade later, in 2012 the Government of Nepal, despite being a non-signatory tothe Ottawa Treaty banning landmines, will nally succeed in clearing mineelds and IEDelds in the country respecting the CPA. In June 2011, Nepal was declared a landmine eldfree country and with the clearance of IED elds by early 2012 Nepal will be IED eld free.Nevertheless, stray ERWs combined with IEDs used by armed groups in the post conictperiod still pose a threat to the people.Creating awareness at the communities' level has proven to be an eective strategy tomitigate the risk of explosive devices. Together with other organizations in the MineAction Joint Working Group (MAJWG) coordinated by the Mine Action Section of theMinistry of Peace and Reconstruction (MoPR), the Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS) and theInternational Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) are contributing to the eort to addressthis dire humanitarian problem. Within the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, the

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