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Diocese Trial Brief

Diocese Trial Brief

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Published by: edward_garris on Apr 03, 2012
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01/21/2013

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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTFOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF TEXASAUSTIN DIVISIONAUSTIN LIFECARE, INC., ROMANCATHOLIC DIOCESE OF AUSTIN,CATHOLIC CHARITIES OFCENTRAL TEXAS, AUSTINPREGNANCY RESOURCE CENTER,AND SOUTH AUSTIN PREGNANCYRESOURCE CENTER,
 Plaintiffs,
v.CITY OF AUSTIN,
 Defendant.
 §§§§§§§§§§§§§§§CIVIL ACTION NO. A-11-CA-00875-LY
!
 PLAINTIFFS ROMAN CATHOLIC DIOCESE OF AUSTIN, CATHOLIC CHARITIESOF CENTRAL TEXAS, AUSTIN PREGNANCY RESOURCE CENTER, AND SOUTHAUSTIN PREGNANCY RESOURCE CENTER’S OPENING TRIAL BRIEF
Case 1:11-cv-00875-LY Document 88 Filed 03/29/12 Page 1 of 51
 
Plaintiffs Roman Catholic Diocese, et al. Opening Trial Brief 2
TABLE OF CONTENTSI. STATEMENT OF FACTS ....................................................................................................... 5
!
A.
!
The Centers: Gabriel Project Life Center, Austin Pregnancy Resource Center,and South Austin Pregnancy Resource Center ................................................................... 5
!
B.
!
Chapter 10-9 of the Austin City Code: The 2010 Ordinance ............................................. 8
!
C.
!
Repeal of the 2010 Ordinance ........................................................................................... 11
!
D.
!
Chapter 10-10 of the Austin City Code: the 2012 Ordinance ........................................... 12
!
II. ARGUMENT .......................................................................................................................... 17
!
A.
!
The 2012 Ordinance forces the Centers to engage in compelled speech andcompelled misleading speech ........................................................................................... 17
!
B.
!
The 2012 Ordinance discriminates based on content and viewpoint ................................ 20
!
C.
!
The Centers are engaging in religious and charitable speech, not commercialspeech ................................................................................................................................ 24
!
D.
!
The Centers are not engaging in Professional Speech ...................................................... 26
!
E.
!
The 2012 Ordinance is unconstitutionally vague and substantially overbroad ................ 30
!
1.
!
The Ordinance is substantially overbroad................................................................... 30
!
2.
!
The Ordinance is unconstitutionally vague................................................................. 33
!
F.
!
The 2012 Ordinance violates the Fourteenth Amendment’s Equal ProtectionClause ................................................................................................................................ 34
!
G.
!
The 2012 Ordinance violates Plaintiffs’ right to the free exercise of religion .................. 36
!
H.
!
The 2012 Ordinance fails strict scrutiny ........................................................................... 40
!
1.
!
Defendant can point to no compelling governmental interest .................................... 40
!
2.
!
The Ordinance cannot be justified based on
 post-hoc
evidence because itis content-discriminatory on its face ........................................................................... 41
!
3.
!
The Ordinance is not the least restrictive means of furthering any interest ................ 43
!
I.
!
The Ordinance cannot survive lower forms of judicial scrutiny, includingrational basis review ......................................................................................................... 45
!
J.
!
The 2012 Ordinance violates of the right to free speech under article 1, section8, and the right to freedom of religion under article I, section 6 of the TexasConstitution ....................................................................................................................... 46
!
K.
!
The 20121 Ordinance violates Texas Religious Freedom Restoration Act ...................... 48
!
III. CONCLUSION ..................................................................................................................... 49
!
Case 1:11-cv-00875-LY Document 88 Filed 03/29/12 Page 2 of 51
 
Plaintiffs Roman Catholic Diocese, et al. Opening Trial Brief 3
TABLE OF AUTHORITIES
!
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611 F.3d 248 (5th Cir. 2010)
!""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!#$!
 Amidon v. Student Ass'n,
508 F.3d 94 (2d Cir. 2007)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!%%!
 Barr v. City of Sinton,
295 S.W.3d 287 (Tex. 2009)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!#$!
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463 U.S. 60 (1983)
!""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!&#!
 Broadrick v. Okla.,
413 U.S. 601 (1973)
!""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!%&!
 Burson v. Freeman,
504 U.S. 191 (1992)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!%'!
Cent. Hudson Gas & Elec. Corp. v. Public Serv. Comm'n,
447 U.S. 557 (1980)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!&'!
Church of Lukumi Babalu Aye v. City of Hialeah,
508 U.S. 520 (1993)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!%()!#*!
City of Boerne v. Florez,
521 U.S. 507 (1997)
!""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!#+!
Clark v. Cmty. for Creative Non-Violence,
468 U.S. 288 (1984)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!#&!
 Davenport v. Garcia,
834 S.W.2d 4 (Tex. 1992)
!""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!#,)!#()!#$!
 Department of Agriculture v. Moreno,
413 U.S. 528 (1973)
!""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!#,!
 Evergreen Association v. City of New York,
801 F. Supp. 2d 197 (S.D.N.Y. July 13, 2011)
!""!')!&+)!&#)!&,)!&()!&-)!%%)!#+)!#%!
 Ex parte Tucci,
859 S.W.2d 1 (Tex. 1993)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!#(!
 Frisby v. Schultz,
487 U.S. 474 (1988)
!""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!#%!
Grayned v. City of Rockford,
408 U.S. 104 (1972)
!""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!%*!
 Hill v. Colorado,
530 U.S. 703 (2000)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!%%!
 Houston v. Hill,
482 U.S. 451 (1987)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!%&!
 Hurley v. Irish-American Gay, Lesbian & Bisexual Group of Boston,
515 U.S. 557 (1995)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!*()!*$!
 Lowe v. SEC,
472 U.S. 181 (1985)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!&()!&-)!%+!
 Massachusetts Bd. of Retirement v. Murgia,
427 U.S. 307 (1976)
!""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!%#!
 Merced v. Kasson,
577 F.3d 578 (5th Cir. 2009)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!#$!
 Miami Herald Publishing Co. v. Tornillo,
418 U.S. 241 (1974)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!*$!
 NAACP v. Button,
371 U.S. 415 (1963)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!%%!
O'Brien v. Mayor and City Council of Baltimore,
768 F. Supp. 2d 804 (D. Md. 2011)
!"""""!')!&+)!&&)!&%)!&,)!%&)!%()!#+)!#*)!##!
O’Quinn v. State Bar of Texas,
763 S.W.2d 397 (Tex. 1988)
!""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!#(!
 Pacific Gas & Electric Co. v. Public Utilities Comm'n of Cal.,
475 U.S. 1 (1986)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!*()!#(!
 Pleasant Grove City v. Summum,
129 S. Ct. 1125 (2009)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!&*!
 Plyler v. Doe,
457 U.S. 202 (1982)
!""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!%#)!%'!
 Police Dept. v. Mosley
, 408 U.S. 92 (1972)
!""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!&+)!%'!
 R.A.V.
 
v. St. Paul 
, 505 U.S. 377 (1992)
!""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!&+)!&%!
 Railroad Retirement Bd. v. Fritz,
449 U.S. 166 (1980)
!""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!#'!
 Riley v. Nat'l Fed'n of Blind,
487 U.S. 781 (1988)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!*$)!&,)!#(!
 Romer v. Evans,
517 U.S. 620 (1996)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!#')!#,!
 Rosenberger v. Rector & Visitors of the Univ. of Va.,
515 U.S. 819 (1995)
!""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!&+)!&*!
Simon & Schuster, Inc. v. Members of the New York State Crime Victims Bd.,
502 U.S. 105 (1991)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!&+!
Smith v. Goguen,
415 U.S. 566 (1974)
!""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!%%!
Tepeyac v. Montgomery County,
779 F. Supp. 2d 456 (D. Md. 2011)
!"""""""""""""""!')!&+)!&%)!&,)!&()!&$)!%+)!%')!#+)!#&)!#%!
Thomas v. Collins,
323 U.S. 516 (1945)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!&$!
Tilton v. Marshall,
925 S.W.2d 672 (Tex. 1996)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!#$!
Turner Broad. Sys. v. FCC,
512 U.S. 622 (1994)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!*-)!&+)!#+!
United States v. Grace,
461 U.S. 171 (1983)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!#&!
United States v. Harriss,
347 U.S. 612 (1954)
!""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!%%!
United States v. Playboy Entm't Group,
529 U.S. 803 (2000)
!""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!&%)!#+)!#%!
United States v. Virginia,
518 U.S. 515 (1996)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!#&!
W. Va. State Bd. of Educ. v. Barnette,
319 U.S. 624 (1943)
!""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!*$)!%'!
Williams v. Rhodes,
393 U.S. 23 (1968)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!%')!#&!
Wooley v. Maynard,
430 U.S. 705 (1977)
!"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""!*()!*$)!#*!
 
Case 1:11-cv-00875-LY Document 88 Filed 03/29/12 Page 3 of 51

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