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Experiment 13-Unconfined Compression

Experiment 13-Unconfined Compression

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Published by: rahnemaa on Apr 03, 2012
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02/19/2014

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Engineering Properties of Soils Based on Laboratory Testing Prof. Krishna Reddy, UIC 
145
EXPERIMENT 12UNCONFINED COMPRESSION (UC) TEST
 
Purpose:
 The primary purpose of this test is to determine the unconfined compressivestrength, which is then used to calculate the unconsolidated undrained shearstrength of the clay under unconfined conditions. According to the ASTM standard,the unconfined compressive strength (q
u
) is defined as the compressive stress atwhich an unconfined cylindrical specimen of soil will fail in a simple compressiontest. In addition, in this test method, the unconfined compressive strength is takenas the maximum load attained per unit area, or the load per unit area at 15% axialstrain, whichever occurs first during the performance of a test.
Standard Reference
:ASTM D 2166 - Standard Test Method for Unconfined Compressive Strengthof Cohesive Soil
Significance
:For soils, the undrained shear strength (s
u
) is necessary for thedetermination of the bearing capacity of foundations, dams, etc. The undrainedshear strength (s
u
) of clays is commonly determined from an unconfinedcompression test. The undrained shear strength (s
u
) of a cohesive soil is equal toone-half the unconfined compressive strength (q
u
) when the soil is under the f = 0condition (f = the angle of internal friction). The most critical condition for the soilusually occurs immediately after construction, which represents undrainedconditions, when the undrained shear strength is basically equal to the cohesion(c). This is expressed as:
 
 
Engineering Properties of Soils Based on Laboratory Testing Prof. Krishna Reddy, UIC 
146s
u
= c =
2uq
 Then, as time passes, the pore water in the soil slowly dissipates, and theintergranular stress increases, so that the drained shear strength (s), given by s = c+ s‘tan f, must be used. Where s‘ = intergranular pressure acting perpendicular tothe shear plane; and s‘ = (s - u), s = total pressure, and u = pore water pressure; c’and
ϕ
’ are drained shear strength parameters. The determination of drained shearstrength parameters is given in Experiment 14
Equipment
:Compression device, Load and deformation dial gauges, Sample trimmingequipment, Balance, Moisture can.
 
 
Engineering Properties of Soils Based on Laboratory Testing Prof. Krishna Reddy, UIC 
147
Test Procedure
:(1) Extrude the soil sample from Shelby tube sampler. Cut a soil specimen sothat the ratio (L/d) is approximately between 2 and 2.5.Where L and d are the length and diameter of soil specimen, respectively.(2) Measure the exact diameter of the top of the specimen at three locations120
°
apart, and then make the same measurements on the bottom of thespecimen. Average the measurements and record the average as thediameter on the data sheet.(3) Measure the exact length of the specimen at three locations 120
°
apart, andthen average the measurements and record the average as the length onthe data sheet.

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