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destroyed the properties of more than thousands billion dollars and morethan amillion of people rendered jobless. Their livelihood security of the commonmasswas also got severely threatened.
In recent days, India has got highly affected by a new form of naturalcalamities i.e flowing of hot waves again in the east coast, killing thethousands of people in the Northen and Eartern parts of the country like,Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh. Theflow of hot waves is also known as ‘Sun-stroke,’ which in fact, is common inour country. In Orissa, alone about 151 people died of “ Sun-stock “ in 1999. The worst sufferers are physically weaker persons, Old men and women andthe children.
The incidents of death due to cold waves occurs in higher and lesserHimalayas especially in the States of Uttranchal, Sikkim, Himachal Pradeshand Northen Parts of West Bengal including Darjiling.In addition, there are also other natural calamities such as Tornado, Spiraltide Whirls etc, which occur very often in our country.
A natural disaster is the consequence of a natural hazard (e.g. volcanic eruption,earthquake, or landslide) which affects human activities. Human vulnerability,exacerbated by the lack of planning or appropriate emergency management,leads to financial, environmental or human losses. The resulting loss depends onthe capacity of the population to support or resist the disaster, their resilience. This understanding is concentrated in the formulation: "disasters occur whenhazards meet vulnerability". A natural hazard will hence never result in anatural disaster in areas without vulnerability, e.g. strong earthquakes inuninhabited areas. The term natural has consequently been disputed becausethe events simply are not hazards or disasters without human involvement.
(also known as a tremor or temblor) is the resultof a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves.Earthquakes are recorded with a seismometer, also known as a seismograph. The moment magnitude of an earthquake is conventionally reported, or therelated and mostly obsolete Richter magnitude, with magnitude 3 or lowerearthquakes being mostly imperceptible and magnitude 7 causing seriousdamage over large areas. Intensity of shaking is measured on the modifiedMercalli scale. At the Earth's surface, earthquakes manifest themselves byshaking and sometimes displacing the ground. When a large earthquakeepicenter is located offshore, the seabed sometimes suffers sufficientdisplacement to cause a tsunami. The shaking in earthquakes can also triggerlandslides and occasionally volcanic activity. In its most generic sense, the wordearthquake is used to describe any seismic event—whether a natural