MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF A SEQUENTIAL TYPEGEAR SHIFTING MECHANISM OF AN AUTOMOBILETRANSMISSION
By Priyanshu AgarwalDesign Engineer, R&D, Transmission Division,Bajaj Auto Ltd.
There are numerous variables involved in the design of a sequential type gearshifting mechanism. In order to judge the effectiveness of such a mechanism it is essential todevelop a mathematical model that can quantify it. In this paper a mathematical model of asequential type gear shifting mechanism is developed. The mathematical model deals with theforces acting within the system while it is under a static equilibrium. Further, the efficacies of twosuch mechanisms are then evaluated for comparison and the superiority of one over the other isproved. In addition to this, a parameter study is then carried out using MATLAB to individuallyassess the effect of each parameter on the output so as to provide a mathematical rationale at thedesign stage itself.
mathematical model, design variables, drum, fork, fork roller, fork rail, drumtorque, axial force, efficacy of mechanism.
Gear Shifting is a sophisticated phenomenon present in all automobiles equipped with manualtransmissions. A mechanism that can effectively handle the issue of gear shifting is always indemand. Apart from shifting the gear, the effort it brings for the driver on the gear shifting lever isvital for a gear shifting mechanism. In order to reduce the effort needed to effect a gear change it isimperative to mathematically evaluate all the design variables linked with the shifting elements.There are two types of shifting elements involved in gear shifting: Internal shifting elements andexternal shifting elements .
Internal shifting elements are the elements that are inside the transmission, such as selectorforks, fork rails, drum etc.
External shifting elements are the elements that are outside the transmission such as gearshifting lever, cable controls etc.The mechanism described here consists of internal shifting elements and the mathematical modelpresented deals with the design variables related to these elements.