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Luke Exposition, NASB

Luke Exposition, NASB

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Published by Steven Lee Svendsen
This is an expository study of Luke's gospel.
This is an expository study of Luke's gospel.

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Published by: Steven Lee Svendsen on Apr 04, 2012
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01/22/2013

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 The Gospel of LukeSteven Svendsen, Sr.
1
The unfolding of your words gives light.
To Seek and to Save
An Exposition of the Gospel of Luke 
1:1
Inasmuch as many have undertaken to compile an account of the things accomplishedamong us
a
,
2
 just as they were handed down to us by those who from the beginning wereeyewitnesses and servants of the word
b
,
3
it seemed fitting for me as well
c
, having investigatedeverything carefully from the beginning, to write
it 
out for you in consecutive order
d
, most
a
1:1
Inasmuch as many have undertaken to compile an account of the thingsaccomplished among us.
While few extra-biblical accounts of the earthly ministry of Christ havesurvived to this day, the author says there were a large number of written records available whenthis gospel wa
s written. He says many have, literally ―taken upon hand‖ to record these things, a
word used only by Luke in the Bible, but by Hippocrates and Galen in medical works (A.T.Robertson).The authorship of this gospel is overwhelmingly attributed to Luke, who
m Paul called ―thebeloved physician‖ (Colossians 4:14). I will make that assumption, as did the early churchattested as far back as the second century. Without seeking to offer ―proof‖ of Luke‘s authorship,
here is some New Testament evidence:
Paul had a traveling companion, Luke, who was a physician (Colossians 4:14; 2 Timothy4:11; Philemon 1:24).
The writer of Acts traveled with Paul
—ultimately to Paul‘s Roman imprisonment—
asshown by several first person pronouns (we, us, our) in Acts (16:10-13, 16; 20:6-8, 13-15;21:1-18; 27; 28).
Acts was addressed to a man named Theophilus (Acts 1:1).
 
The author of Acts had earlier written a book ―about all that Jesus began to do and teachuntil the day when He was taken up to heaven‖ (Acts 1:1
-2)
The gospel of Luke was also addressed to a man named Theophilus (1:3).I see no reason to reject the common practice of dating of this letter at around A.D. 60,possibly during the imprisonment of Paul at Caesarea.
b
1:2
just as they were handed down to us by those who from the beginning wereeyewitnesses and servants of the word.
This shows that the human author of this account wasnot personally an eyewitness to the earthly ministry of Messiah. His source of information wasfrom among the apostles and other firsthand accounts. This does not make his record errant, butdoes demonstrate the human element of biblical authorship. Notice the title for those other
historians: he calls them ―servants of the word.‖ This tells us two things:
God made use of human records and human memories in compiling the Scriptures
 
Luke considered his account part of the ―word‖
Luke understood that he was doing more than simply recording interesting events.
c
1:3
it seemed fitting for me as well.
 
Luke‘s appetite for truth had been fine
-tuned, so thisseemed to him the right thing to do. Having devoured all the information he could about theMaster, he decided to take up the pen himself. Luke actually wrote more of the New Testament intwo books than Paul did in 13. He wrote this account in the f
irst person (1:1, ―accomplishedamong us‖), as he did the book of Acts (Acts 1:1; 16:10
-13, 16; 20:6-8, 13-15; 21:1-18; 27; 28).
dd
1:3
having investigated everything carefully from the beginning,
 
to write
it 
out for you inconsecutive order.
This statement does not necessarily mean that this gospel is a chronology.
 As the NIV suggests, Luke may be saying that he was presenting ―an orderly account‖ of this holymaterial. It is one more example of Luke‘s careful attention to detail (Acts).
 Luke may have written this while Paul was in jail in Caesarea. He would have found livingsources not far from that place whom he could interview.Luke was a historian of the first order. He had a very good academic work ethic (see the
language behind ―investigated carefully,‖ cf. Matthew 2:8). He shows his eye for detail in the book
of Acts and in this gospel. Several events recorded only by Luke help us see clear images of our
 
 The Gospel of LukeSteven Svendsen, Sr.
2
The unfolding of your words gives light.
excellent Theophilus
a
;
4
so that you may know the exact truth about the things you have beentaught
b
.
a
 
Lord‘s work. D.A. Carson and Douglas Moo‘s
An Introduction to the New Testament 
(Zondervan,2005)
list those accounts only covered in Luke‘s gospel:
 
the miraculous catch of fish and of its effect on Peter (5:1-11)
the anointing of Jesus by a sinful woman (7:36-50)
the women who helped Jesus (8:1-3)
 
Jesus‘ rejection by some Samaritans (9:51
-56)
the mission of the seventy (10:1-12, 17-20)
 
Jesus‘ visit with Martha and Mary (10:38
-42)
teaching on repentance (13:1-5)
healing the crippled woman (13:10-17)
 
Jesus‘ teaching about Herod (13:31
-33)
the man with dropsy (14:1-6)
the invitation to a banquet (14:7-14)
the account of the rich man and Lazarus (16:19-31)
 
Jesus‘ teaching about unprofitable servants (17:7
-10)
the healing of ten lepers (17:11-19)
Zaccheus (19:1-10)
the lament over Jerusalem (19:41-44)
the words about two swords (22:35-38)
Jesus before Herod (23:6-12)
the words to the daughters of Jerusalem (23:27-31)
 
three of the ―words‖ from the cross (23:34, 43, 46)
 
the whole section on the resurrection after the women at the tomb (24:12-53)
the parable of the Good Samaritan (10:25-37)
the parable of the friend at midnight (11:5-8),
the parable of the barren fig tree (13:6-9)
the parables of the lost sheep, the lost coin, and the lost son (15:1-32)
the parable of the unjust manager (16:1-9)
the parable of the unjust judge (18:1-8)
the parable of the Pharisee and the publican (18:9-14)
a
1:3
most excellent Theophilus.
 
This name could be a generic address to any ―lover of God‖ or ―friend of God‖ (literal meaning), but the title ―most excellent‖ hints at an individual. ―Mostexcellent‖ is the same way Paul add
ressed Governor Festus (Acts 26:25) and the way ClaudiusLysias addressed Governor Felix (Acts 23:26). Theophilus is also listed as the recipient of thebook of Acts.
b
1:4
so that you may know the exact truth about the things you have been taught.
Thewo
rd ―the exact truth‖ could also be translated ―with assurance.‖ Luke used this word in Acts 5:23
of prison doors being securely locked. Theophilus had evidently been instructed in the Christianfaith and Luke wanted him to have a trustworthy written record of the work of the Lord during Hisearthly ministry and after His ascension.Luke wants us to know that, even though he was not an eyewitness to the earthly ministry ofChrist, he considered his record accurate. These were not fables passed on around the campfire.Christian discipleship is more than simple formulas and professions of faith. The Christian faith ismore than philosophy. It finds its roots in historical events. Ours is to sift through the treasures ofrevelation left on deposit with us and to examine them with precision so we can respond Godwardwith ever-increasing delight. Luke has much in common with those of us who read his account:
He had never seen Jesus.
 
He was a student of authoritative records about Jesus‘ person and work.
 
The more he learned, the more he wanted to learn.
 
 The Gospel of LukeSteven Svendsen, Sr.
3
The unfolding of your words gives light.
5
In the days of Herod, king of Judea
b
, there was a priest named Zacharias, of the division ofAbijah
c
; and he had a wife from the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth
d
.
6
They
The more he learned, the more he wanted to share.
a
1:1-
4 The study of history is the study of God‘s providence. There is purpose to the events of 
our world. God does not waste characters. Luke contends here (and in Acts) that the centralevent of history around which we find purpose is the cross of Christ. This history is worthstudying. Consider some good reasons for you to take pains right now to study the third gospel:1. Because here is a history intentionally written to bring you to know the Lord Jesus. That
was Luke‘s intent for Theophilus and the rest of us get to go along for the ride. You will
know the Lord Jesus better if you carefully study this book.2. Because here you will learn things about Jesus you can find nowhere else. Luke wrotewith an eye for detail like no other human author of Scripture.3. Because here you will develop an appetite to learn more about Jesus as well as tell moreabout Jesus. Rather than thinking the subject had been exhausted by other writers, Lukedecided to investigate more deeply and further communicate the good news.4. Because here you will be challenged to consider how God uses ordinary people todeclare His glory to the world. Luke shows, as much as any biblical account, the humanside of Scripture.
b
1:5
In the days of Herod, king of Judea.
This creates context for these events Luke records.All who investigate just what went on
―in the days of Herod‖ may understand. This would be like
someone writing a history of our times and saying
, ―In the decade that followed the World TradeCenter attack…‖ Sources of information about our time will be abundant. So it is with ―the days of Herod.‖
 
Herod became governor of Galilee (appointed by his father Antipater the Idumean) whenhe was only 25.
He gave the impression that he was a tough, law and order ruler.
He curried the favor of the Jews by marrying into a prominent Jewish family.
A political opportunist, he found a way to get into power in Jerusalem and obtained the
title ―King of the Jews.‖
 
He was known for his vicious treatment of those he perceived as rivals.
He was the patriarch of an infamous family whose depraved lives cluttered the landscapeof the first century Roman empire.
c
1:5
there was a priest named Zacharias, of the division of Abijah.
 
Zacharias means ―theLord has remembered.‖ He was from the tribe of Levi, specifically, one of the sons of Aaron
permitted to serve as a priest. The division of Abijah to which Zacharias belonged was selectedby lot in the days of King Solomon to
serve as ―group eight‖ out of twenty
-four groups serving inthe temple two weeks each year:
Now the first lot came out for Jehoiarib, the second for Jedaiah, the third for Harim, the fourth for Seorim, thefifth for Malchijah, the sixth for Mijamin, the seventh for Hakkoz, the eighth for Abijah, the ninth for Jeshua, thetenth for Shecaniah, the eleventh for Eliashib, the twelfth for Jakim, the thirteenth for Huppah, the fourteenthfor Jeshebeab, the fifteenth for Bilgah, the sixteenth for Immer, the seventeenth for Hezir, the eighteenth forHappizzez, the nineteenth for Pethahiah, the twentieth for Jehezkel, the twenty-first for Jachin, the twenty-second for Gamul, the twenty-third for Delaiah, the twenty-fourth for Maaziah. 1 Chronicles 24:7-18
Since this was the eighth priestly division, we can place the date of his service (eighth weekof the Hebrew calendar) in either April-May or October-November. It is not possible from thisevidence to calculate the date of the birth of Jesus.
d
1:5
he had a wife from the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth.
Luke givesprominent place to women in his history. Jesus taught them and made use of them in Hisministry. Elizabeth the mother of John, Mary the mother of Jesus, Anna the prophetess, thewidow of Nain,
the sinful woman who anointed Jesus‘ feet, a number of women who contributed
to the support of His ministry (8:1-3: Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Susanna), Mary the sister ofLazarus, Martha the sister of Lazarus, the poor generous widow.

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