An Analysis of HabermasJurgen Habermas defines the public sphere as the sphere of private people who cometogether by a common interest and reach a common opinion
to form a “
. According tohim,
public sphere is the sphere which creates the “public opinion”.
Habermas defines thepress as the public sphere's "preeminent institution", because of the fact that it provides thecommunication among the public.
The shift in the function of the principle of publicity is based on a shift in thefunction of the public sphere as a special realm. This shift can be clearly documented withregard to the transformation of the public sphere's pr
eeminent institution, the press”
(Habermas 181). Habermas believes that the private sphere is important
for every person’
sself-development, and lately the privacy of people is disappearing. For him, the line betweenpublic and private is fading away. The main factor of this process was the press and itscommercialization. The interest of the people and the press slipped into
Habermasacts towards the press as the responsible of the changes that occurred in the public sphere. Inthe past, the press was the mirror of the state and society, merely reflecting it, not shaping it.However, the development of advertising changed this situation.Advertising, which developed later on, is the representation of private interests to thepublic in an attempt to influence the public. Advertising is a result of the private interests
dominance in the public sphere. Another similar branch is public relations. It directlymanipulates the public opinions. This people get manipulated unconsciously. They believethat all the necessary information is given to them and that they could criticize the giveninformation in a fair way. But the truth is they are directed and manipulated so that they getthe sense that whatever policy the politicians present to them is true.