America’s Holidays andCelebrations
Compiled by O. Zabolotnyi
Independence Day fireworks in NewYork
America is blessed with rich ethnicheritage and, thus, many holidays tocelebrate. Although the word ‘holiday’literally means ‘holy day’, many of themare not religious, but commemorative.Here we can cast a glance on just a few of a number of nation-wide celebrations, and, unfortunately have to ignore hundreds(if not thousands) local ones.
is, undoubtedly, the major national holiday in the USA. It iscelebrated on July 4. By the mid-1700s it became difficult for thirteen Britishcolonies in the New World to be ruled by a monarch 3,000 miles across the ocean. The British Empire imposed high taxes upon the colonies undermining theirdevelopment.
Traditional Independence Day parade
In 1774, the First ContinentalCongress drew up a list of grievancesagainst the British crown. Thedocument was the first one thatspoke about the separation of thecolonies from England. In 1775 theRevolutionary War began. On July 2,1776, the Second ContinentalCongress in Philadelphia presentedanother document, which was adopted two days later, on July 4, and is known asthe Declaration of Independence. Although the war went on until 1783, it is July 4,1776 is considered to be the birthday of the American nation and is celebrated inevery county and town of the USA.On July 4 Americans have a holiday from work. People have day-long picnics withbarbecues and hot dogs. Many cities and towns have parades with people dressedas the original ‘founding fathers’ and Revolutionary War soldiers. In the eveningpeople gather to watch spectacular firework displays. Wherever Americans arearound the globe, they will get together to celebrateIndependence Day.
comes in the calendar after Independence Day.It is celebrated on the first Monday in September. The ideaof the holiday is to honor working people of America and togive them a long weekend holiday from work.