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Childhood's Blood on Matchestics– A Case study of Virudhunagar District,Tamil Nadu

Childhood's Blood on Matchestics– A Case study of Virudhunagar District,Tamil Nadu

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Published by Muthuraj Muniyappan
This paper was presented in National Seminar held at Madurai Kamaraj University.
This paper was presented in National Seminar held at Madurai Kamaraj University.

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Published by: Muthuraj Muniyappan on Apr 04, 2012
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05/13/2014

 
CHILDHOOD’S BLOOD ON MATCHSTICKS – A CASE STUDY OFVIRUDHUNAGAR DISTRICT, TAMIL NADUDr.M.Muthuraj
*
I Introduction
Among all the aspects a nation has the most is the quality of its humanresource. The quality of human resource is reflected and determined by the healthstatus of children and their care. The child workers of match industries are integral part of the fast growing resource. These child workers are not particularly healthylot. Overwork and low calorie intake make them prone to disease deceasing their efficiency (now and for the future) and life expectancy. Illness related withinadequate nutrition and occupation undermines their health affecting the quality of the labour force. Their condition is further worsened due to their lack of awarenessand receptiveness of welfare measures initiated by the Government for their benefit.In view of the above, this paper makes an attempt to discuss the implication of childabuse on the physical development and health of the working children, theavailability of social infrastructures and their utilization to benefit them at matchindustries in Virudhunagar District.Sivakasi block which is a main center of the match industry in Virudhunagar district of Tamil Nadu where the bulk of the population seems dependent on the
*
Lecturer, Great Lakes Institute of Management, Manamai Village, KancheepuramDistrict, Tamil Nadu, India, 603 102.
 
 
industry and in almost every home can be seen men, women and children engagedon some process of match manufacture such as box making, box-labeling, etc. Itwas impossible to make an intensive survey into the working conditions in all thesefactories but a good few at Sivakasi were personally inspected. In these factorieswere found working many children who were obviously under 12 years of agealthough they seemed to be in the possession of badges showing that they werecertified. They are complaints that many of the workers in these factories are madeto work for about ten hours a day without being paid any overtime allowance. Theunskilled labour in these factories consists mostly of women and children. They areusually engaged in frame – filling, box making, box filling and labeling.
II Methodology
 Study Area
Villages in Sivakasi block of Virudhunagar district were selected for thehousehold survey. As this is proposed as a study to understand the fallout of legislation, the sampling of villages was purposive. Match industry is spread inalmost all villages of Sivakasi block. Villages in this block are selected on the basisof an earlier Census Survey conducted in the entire blocks of child labour during2001.
 Sample Design
In order to examine the above objectives of the study, 300 households thatsupply child labour were selected on a random basis. In fact, 300 working children2
 
 belong to these households. These children were selected because of two reasons.Firstly, they work in different match factories and at the household and secondly, itwas difficult to conduct survey of the working children in different factories becauseof the refusal and non-cooperation of the factory owners for us to do so. All thesehouseholds are working children were surveyed on the basis of Structuralquestionnaire schedules. Moreover, 20 match factories were selected on the basis of stratified proportionate random sampling and structured questionnaire scheduleswere canvassed to collect desired and relevant information from them. Somerelevant data from the secondary (published and unpublished) sources were alsocollected for the study purpose.
III Results and Discussion
3.1 Physical Development 
 Weight and Height are taken to be good enough to measure the physicaldevelopment of the working children. The age-wise medically prescribed standardnorms of weight and height were taken from
 Davidson’s Principles and Practice of  Medicine, edited by John Macleod,
1975 were taken for presenting the childrenwith or below standard weight and height having their actual weights and heightsthrough the field surveys.In Table 1 the classification of working children according to weight is presented.
TABLE 1
3

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