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Animal Biotechnology - Technologies, Markets and Companies

Animal Biotechnology - Technologies, Markets and Companies

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Published by Peter Barfoot
To purchase this report please return to:
http://www.bioportfolio.net/report/3775-animal-biotechnology-technologies-markets-and-companies.html

This report describes and evaluates animal biotechnology and its application in veterinary medicine and pharmaceuticals as well as improvement in food production. Knowledge of animal genetics is important in the application of biotechnology to manage genetic disorders and improve animal breeding. Genomics, proteomics and bioinformatics are also being applied to animal biotechnology.

Transgenic technologies are used for improving milk production and the meat in farm animals as well as for creating models of human diseases. Transgenic animals are used for the production of proteins for human medical use. Biotechnology is applied to facilitate xenotransplantation from animals to humans. Genetic engineering is done in farm animals and nuclear transfer technology has become an important and preferred method for cloning animals.There is discussion of in vitro meat production by culture.
To purchase this report please return to:
http://www.bioportfolio.net/report/3775-animal-biotechnology-technologies-markets-and-companies.html

This report describes and evaluates animal biotechnology and its application in veterinary medicine and pharmaceuticals as well as improvement in food production. Knowledge of animal genetics is important in the application of biotechnology to manage genetic disorders and improve animal breeding. Genomics, proteomics and bioinformatics are also being applied to animal biotechnology.

Transgenic technologies are used for improving milk production and the meat in farm animals as well as for creating models of human diseases. Transgenic animals are used for the production of proteins for human medical use. Biotechnology is applied to facilitate xenotransplantation from animals to humans. Genetic engineering is done in farm animals and nuclear transfer technology has become an important and preferred method for cloning animals.There is discussion of in vitro meat production by culture.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Peter Barfoot on Apr 04, 2012
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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01/22/2013

 
 
Animal Biotechnology
Technologies, Markets & Companies
byProf. K. K. Jain
MD, FRACS, FFPM
Jain PharmaBiotechBasel, Switzerland
July 2012
A Jain PharmaBiotech Report
 
- 2 -
 
A U T H O R ' S B I O G R A P H Y
Professor K. K. Jain is a neurologist/neurosurgeon by training and has been working inthe biotechnology/biopharmaceuticals industry for several years. He received graduatetraining in both Europe and USA, has held academic positions in several countries, and isa Fellow of the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Medicine of the Royal College of Physicians of UK. Currently, he is a consultant and CEO at Jain PharmaBiotech.Prof. Jain is the author of 440 publications including 21 books (4 as editor) and 50 specialreports which have covered important areas in biotechnology, gene therapy and biopharmaceuticals. He has also written a textbook of gene therapy, which is the first book on this subject to be translated into the Chinese language. A book on gene therapy companies was published in 2000 by John Wiley & Sons and the 2011 version is includedin a special report on gene therapy available from Jain PharmaBiotech Publications.
Other recent publications include “Handbook of Biomarkers” (Springer, 2010) and
 Handbook of Nanomedicine (2nd edition, Springer, 2012), which was issued as a Chineseedition in 2011 by Peking University Press.
July 2012 (originally published in September 2002)Copyright
2012 byJain PharmaBiotechBläsiring 7CH-4057 BaselSwitzerlandTel & Fax: +4161-6924461Email: info@pharmabiotech.chWeb site: http://pharmabiotech.ch/
 
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmittedin any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, or otherwise without the prior writtenpermission of the Publisher. This report may not be lent, resold or otherwise traded in any manner without theconsent of the Publisher. While all reasonable steps have been taken to ensure the accuracy of the informationpresented, the Publisher cannot accept responsibility for inadvertent errors or omissions.
 
 
- 3 -
 
T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S
0.
 
Executive Summary .............................................................................. 11
 
1.
 
Introduction to Animal Biotechnology .................................................. 13
 
Introduction....................................................................................................................... 13
 
Historical evolution of animal biotechnology ..................................................................... 13
 
Basics of biotechnology ..................................................................................................... 14
 
DNA ............................................................................................................................... 14
 
RNA ............................................................................................................................... 14
 
Genes ............................................................................................................................. 15
 
Single nucleotide polymorphisms ....................................................................................... 15
 
Copy number variations in the genome ............................................................................... 15
 
DNA sequences ................................................................................................................ 16
 
Gene expression .............................................................................................................. 16
 
Gene regulation ............................................................................................................... 17
 
Proteins .......................................................................................................................... 17
 
Functions of proteins ................................................................................................... 17 
 
Recombinant proteins .................................................................................................. 18
 
Monoclonal antibodies ...................................................................................................... 19
 
Animal genetics ................................................................................................................. 19
 
Molecular genetics............................................................................................................ 19
 
Twinning in cattle ............................................................................................................. 20
 
Pig genetics ..................................................................................................................... 20
 
Genetic studies in dogs ..................................................................................................... 20
 
Animal genomics ................................................................................................................ 20
 
The mouse genome .......................................................................................................... 20
 
The dog genome .............................................................................................................. 21
 
Sequencing of the dog genome ..................................................................................... 21
 
Comparison of genomes of healthy and diseased dogs ..................................................... 23
 
 Analysis of DNA copy number variation .......................................................................... 23
 
The cat genome ............................................................................................................... 24
 
Marsupial genomes .......................................................................................................... 24
 
Genomes of non-human primates ...................................................................................... 24
 
Chimpanzee genome ................................................................................................... 24
 
Genome of the rhesus macaque .................................................................................... 25 
 
Genome of gorilla ........................................................................................................ 25 
 
Livestock genomics .......................................................................................................... 26
 
Bovine genome ........................................................................................................... 27 
 
Bovine SNP map ......................................................................................................... 2
 
Identification of genes in bovine stomach microbiome ..................................................... 28
 
Pig genome ................................................................................................................ 29
 
Horse genome ............................................................................................................ 30
 
Sheep genome............................................................................................................ 31
 
Chicken genome .............................................................................................................. 31
 
Turkey genome................................................................................................................ 32
 
Salmon genome ............................................................................................................... 33
 
Priority genome list of the National Human Genome Research Institute .................................. 33
 
Animal proteomics ............................................................................................................. 34
 
Applications of proteomics in animals ................................................................................. 34
 
Caseins in goat milk .................................................................................................... 3
 
Lactic acid bacteria ...................................................................................................... 35 
 
 Applications of proteomics in animal healthcare .............................................................. 35 
 
Antigenomics ................................................................................................................... 35
 
Bioinformatics.................................................................................................................... 35
 
Nanobiotechnology and animal health ............................................................................... 37
 
Biomarkers and animal health ........................................................................................... 37
 
Recombinant protein manufacture ..................................................................................... 38
 
Animal biotechnology in relation to other technologies ..................................................... 38
 
2.
 
Application of Biotechnology in Animals ............................................... 39
 
Introduction....................................................................................................................... 39
 
Applications of animal genomics ........................................................................................ 39
 
Bovine ankyrin 1 gene and beef tenderness ........................................................................ 39
 
Chicken breeding based on genomics ................................................................................. 40
 
Genomics of disease resistance .......................................................................................... 40
 
Genome wide associations and milk production in cows ........................................................ 40
 
Low cost genotyping for genetic improvement in dairy cattle ................................................. 41
 
SNPs and longevity in dairy cattle ...................................................................................... 41
 

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