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Tan Function1

# Tan Function1

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04/04/2012

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Tangent Function Name:________________________
Slope Review
1.What’s the slope of a perfectly horizontal (left/right) line?2.What’s the slope of a perfectly vertical line?3.What’s the slope of a line segment that has the endpoints (0,2) and (6,4) ?4.What’s the slope of a line segment that has the endpoints (0,0) and (-3,2)?
Important Stuff
1.
At every angle in the unit circle there’s a radius. You can find the slope of each of theradiuses radii. For example, at
°
45
the radius passes through the points (0,0) and
     
22,22
, so
)45(
°
slope
is 1.
angle x
=
)(
x slope
03045160
3
901201351501800210225240270Undefined300315330360Definition: The
)(
x slope
function is also known as
)tan(
x
.
Page 1 of 3

Tangent Function Name:________________________
2.
Is
)tan(
x
3.
Graph
)tan(
x y
=
on the coordinate plane below.
4.
We defined
)tan(
x
as the function that keeps track of the slope of the radii around theunit circle. Some people define it in terms of
)sin(
x
and
)cos(
x
. Let’s derive thatdefinition of
)tan(
x
from our slope-definition.a.Suppose that at angle x, the y-coordinate is b and the x-coordinate is a. What isthe slope of the radius at angle x?
b.
Now, replace “a” and “b” with the fancy names for the x-coordinate and the y-coordinate that we’ve been using in trigonometry.c.Fill in the blank in the definition below:Definition: The
)tan(
x
function can also be defined in terms of
)sin(
x
and
)cos(
x
, in thefollowing way:
=
)tan(
x
5.
What’s the domain of
)tan(
x y
=
? What’s the range? Is it one-to-one?
6.
Is the inverse of
)tan(
x y
=
a function? Why or why not?
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