Submission of David Farrar to the MMP Review
SUBMISSION OF DAVID FARRARTO THE ELECTORAL COMMISSIONON THEIR REVIEW OF THE MMP ELECTORAL SYSTEM
Table of Contents
About the Submitter1
Party Vote Threshold1 - 3
Electorate Seat Threshold4 - 5
By-election Candidates5 - 5
Dual Candidacy5 - 7
List Ranking7 - 8
Overhangs8 - 8
Proportionality8 - 9
Other Issues9 - 9
Summary of Recommendations10 - 10
About the Submitter
This submission is made by David Farrar in a personal capacity. Iwould like to appear before the Commission to speak to mysubmission.2.I have over 15 years experience with the Electoral Act. As a former parliamentary staffer I advised National Prime Ministers and OppositionLeaders on the Act. I have been an electorate campaign manager anda national campaign staffer, requiring intimate knowledge of the Act.
I have also done considerable original research on electoral issues,was an invited member of an “experts” group that reviewed the recentelectoral finance changes, blog regularly on electoral issues and havebeen an invited speaker to various forums on electoral issues.
Party Vote Threshold
First of all I support there being a threshold for parties to enter Parliament. In the absence of a threshold, a party would gainparliamentary representation with 0.4% of the vote (using the St Lagueformula), which would be the de facto threshold.5.Having such a low threshold with be extremely detrimental to NewZealand in two major ways – stability of Government and encouragingextremist hate groups.
The stability issue has been well demonstrated in countries with verylow thresholds. The Netherlands is one example. In 2002 their generalelection saw 10 parties elected to Parliament, and no one or two partyGovernment possible even if it included the two largest parties. Finallya three party Government was formed, which included the three largest
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