rockets, making lunar vacations no more expansive than says a trip to South Pole. Aworld where material abundance for all the people becomes a reality.Sounds too good to be true? Not for the new breed of scientists who believe thatthe 21
century could see all these science fiction dreams come true thanks tonanotechnology, a hybrid of chemistry and engineering that has opened up a whole newworld of possibilities which If taken to their logical conclusion would completely changeus and the world as we know it today. Indeed, so exciting are the prospects of thisrevolutionary science that countries all over the world are investing in the research anddevelopment of nanotechnology. Clearly nanotechnology is slowly but surely capturingthe attention of the scientific community, the media and no the public. But just whatexactly is nanotechnology and why everyone talking about it?
WHAT IS NANOTECHNOLOGY?
Nanos: Greek term for dwarf, Technology: visualize, characterize, produce andmanipulate matter of the size of 1 – 100 nm. Nanotechnology is manufacturing at the molecular level- building things from Nano-scale components. Nanotechnology proposes the construction of novel Nano-scaledevices possessing extraordinary properties. Through the developments of suchinstruments and technique it is becoming possible to study and manipulate individualatoms.At present, conventional manufacturing techniques manipulate billions of atomsat a time using large scale deformation methods like pounding and chipping. In thefuture,
Molecular nanotechnology” will allow very complete control over the placementof individual atoms.Nanotechnology is often referred to as “bottom up” manufacturing because itaims to start with the smallest possible building materials, atoms using them to create adesired product.
Working with individual atoms allow “atom –by –atom “design of structures. Nanotechnology can eliminate
unwanted byproducts. Nanotechnology wouldallow us to get essentially every atom in the right place, make almost any structureconsistent with the most of law of physics and chemistry that we can specify in atomicdetail and have manufacturing costs not greatly exceeding the cost of the required rawmaterials and energy.Related and interwoven fields include, but are not limited to: Nanomaterials, Nanomedicine, Nanobiotechnology, Nanolithography, Nanoelectronics, Nanomagnetics, Nanorobots, Biodevices [biomolecular machinery], AI, MEMS [MicroElectroMechanicalSystems], NEMS [Nano Electro Mechanical Systems], Biomimetic Materials, Microencapsulation, and many others.