CDL Driver’s Handbook
This Section Covers
CDL Vehicle Classes
Other Safety Rules
The information in this handbook is to assist thecommercial motor vehicle (CMV) driver in obtainingtheir Commercial Driver’s License (CDL). If youhave questions on traffic rules, signs, point sys-tems, driving standards, or identification require-ments, this information is available in the Colo-rado’s Regular Driver’s License Handbook.
You must have a CDL to operate:
Any motor vehicle with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rat-ing (GVWR) of 26,001 pounds or more.
Any combination of vehicles with a gross combina-tion weight rating (GCWR) of 26,001 pounds ormore provided the gross vehicle weight rating(GVWR) of the vehicle(s) being towed is in excessof 10,000 pounds.
Any vehicle that is designed to transport 16 or morepassengers, including the driver.
Any vehicle transporting hazardous material and isrequired to be placarded in accordance with 49Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 172, Sub-part F.The following vehicles are exempt from the CDLrequirements. Commercial Motor Vehicle does notinclude:
CMVs operated by military personnel for militarypurposes.
Any farm vehicles:
Controlled and operated by a farmer;
Used to transport agriculture products, farm ma-chinery, or farm supplies to or from a farm;
Used within 150 miles of the person’s farm;
Not used in the operation of a common or con-tract motor carrier.
Firefighting Equipment. Necessary to the preser-vation of life and property or the execution ofemergency governmental functions; emergencyequipment such as a fire truck, hook and ladder,foam or water transporter or other vehicles usedonly in response to emergencies are included inthis exemption. Those employed as a volunteer orpaid firefighting organization are included in the ex-emption.
Emergency Snow Plowing
During declared emer-gency snow removal operations, non-CDL holdersmay operate snowplow vehicles. The ColoradoState Patrol (CSP) determines when an emergencysnow condition exists.
Recreational Vehicles. When used for recrea-tional purposes, a motor home which truck or mo-tor home is used exclusively for pleasure, enjoy-ment, other recreational purposes, or familytransportation of the owner, lessee, or occupantand is not used to transport cargo or passengersfor profit, hire, or otherwise in any business orcommercial enterprise.
1.1 – CDL VEHICLE CLASSES
Class A—Combination Vehicles.
Any combina-tion of vehicles with a gross combination weightrating (GCWR) of 26,001 pounds or more providedthe gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of the ve-hicle(s) being towed is in excess of 10,000 pounds.
Class B—Heavy Straight Vehicles.
Any singlevehicle with a GVWR of 26,001 pounds or more, orany such vehicle towing a vehicle not in excess of10,000 pounds GVWR.
Class C—Small Vehicles.
Any single vehicle, orcombination of vehicles, that meets neither thedefinition of Class A, nor that of Class B, but that iseither designed to transport 16 or more passen-gers, including the driver, or is used in the trans-portation of materials found to be hazardous forthe purposes of the Hazardous Materials Transpor-tation Act and which require the motor vehicle tobe placarded under the Hazardous MaterialsRegulations 49 CFR part 172, Subpart F.
For purposes of taking theskill tests, a representative vehicle for a givenvehicle class is any commercial motor vehicle thatmeets the definition of that vehicle class. A trucktractor is designed to operate with a towed unit(s),typically a semi-trailer and therefore could only be
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