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Ionizing Radiation 911 - Pages 244-301

Ionizing Radiation 911 - Pages 244-301

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Published by Jeff Prager

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Jeff Prager on Apr 06, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 Star In A Ja
Operating Parameter Relationships in an Inertial Electrostatic Connement (IEC) Fusion Reactor Eric Foss, Kentwood High School, Covington, WAScience Project for 2009In a fusion reaction, two light atomic nuclei fuse together and release a large amount of energy. With an unlim
ited supply of deuterium fuel available from the oceans, fusion could supply the world’s future energy needs in aclean, sustainable way. Most current fusion research efforts are directed towards magnetic and inertial conne
ment, but a lesser known method called inertial electrostatic connement (IEC) accelerates deuterium plasmato a temperature of 180 million degrees C using only a strong electric eld in a vacuum chamber. I designed and built a tabletop IEC fusion reactor using commonly available materials. I built an electrolysis system to supplydeuterium gas from heavy water. To study the important operating parameter relationships, I programmed aLabView data acquisition system to measure electric eld voltage, current, reactor chamber pressure, and tem
 perature. For visualization, I wrote a MATLAB script to plot the three dimensional operating surface. I foundthat the control difculties reported with this type of reactor are due to operation in the asymptotic region of theoperational curve. I found that the classical Paschen model and a more recently proposed empirical model of the voltage-pressure relationship did not match parts of my data. I built an empirical model of the relationshipwith a sixth order Laurent polynomial. Multivariate linear regression worked better than downhill simplex for estimating the coefcients. My nal three dimensional model ts my measured three dimensional data witha correlation coefcient of 0.88. (P<6.5e-134). This is the report that got me started (at right). The rest of theinformation I obtained to build my project came from a number of different publications both off and on theinternet. The most helpful information that I found was located @ fusor.net. Here is a link to a one page PDFhandout that describes the entire project:http://home.comcast.net/~garyfoss3/fusor_handout.pdf About my Reactor • An IEC reactor is basically a radially focused particle accelerator driven by high voltage• Operates in a vacuum chamber at about 1/100,000 of an atm.• Deuteron plasma at 180 million deg. C• Particle velocity 600,000 meters/sec• Fusion is made possible under these conditions by means of Quantum Tunneling• Quantum Tunneling BasicsConstruction:• Fusion chamber made from a 2 gallon glass cookie jar purchased at Wal-Mart• Cut ports with a carbide water cooled drill, sealed parts with silicone.• Anode made out of stove pipe from Ace Hardware, cathode from steel wire.• Found a good 2 stage vacuum pump on E-bay• Auto sparkplugs for high voltage feedthroughs into my chamber • High voltage DC power supply (35KV) made from an old cable test system• Electrolysis of heavy water supplies the deuterium gas• National Instruments donated LabView and a USB-DAQ to read voltage, pressure, current, and temperature
Mom, we have fusion in the basement,can you bring me some Milk and Cookies?
Plasma Behavior During Pumpdown

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