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460 Robotics

460 Robotics

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Published by rameshchowdarapally

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Published by: rameshchowdarapally on Apr 06, 2012
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04/06/2012

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1
IndexContents:
1.
 
Introduction - 22.
 
Definition of Robotics - 43.
 
Technologies that make up a Robot - 54.
 
Origin of Robots - 65.
 
Laws of Robotics by Asimov - 76.
 
Components of Robots - 87.
 
Types of Robots - 158.
 
Advantages - 219.
 
Applications - 2210.
 
Future Scope - 2411.
 
Conclusion - 2512.
 
References - 26
 
2
1.
 
INTRODUCTION:
Robotics
is the branch of technologythat deals with the design, construction, operation,structural disposition, manufacture and application of robotsand computer systems for theircontrol, sensory feedback, and information processing.The concept and creation of machines that could operate autonomously dates back toclassical times,but research into the functionality and potential uses of robots did not growsubstantially until the 20th century. Today, robotics is a rapidly growing field, as we continue toresearch, design, and build new robots that serve various practical purposes,whetherdomestically,commercially,ormilitarily.Many robots do jobs that are hazardous to people such as defusing bombs, exploring shipwrecks, and mines.The word robotics was derived from the word robot, which was introduced to the publicbyCzechwriter 
 in his playR.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots),which premiered in 1921.Robotics is the study of the design, construction and use of robots. Artificial intelligenceis the branch of computer science that deals with writing computer programs that can solveproblems creatively; "workers in AI hope to imitate or duplicate intelligence in computers androbots"
1.1 WHO INTRODUCED THE WORD ROBOT?
o
 
The terms robot and robotics are only recently used. The term robot was first introducedby a Czech dramatist, Karel Capek in his 1921 play "Rossum's Universal Robots". Hewas referring to a perfect and tireless worker performing manual labour jobs for humanbeings.
o
 
Isaac Asimov, coined the word robotics as the science of the study of robots, in hisscience fiction stories about robots in 1940s.
 
3
o
 
Webster's New World Dictionary, 1988, defines robotics as 'the science or technology of robots, their design, manufacture, application, use etc'
o
 
In Europe robotics is defined as 'the science of robotology' and robotology is defined as'the means by which robot machines are put together and made to work'.
o
 
Many people think of robotics as a single area of technology, but in fact roboticsencompasses such diverse areas of technology as mechanical, electrical, electronics,systems, computer hardware and software and a host of other advanced technology.
1.2 WHAT CAN ROBOTS DO?
o
 
In the past industrial robots were best suited for repetitive, unskilled or semiskilled,monotonous and burdensome tasks.
o
 
There is however, a new move to apply intelligence to robots that will allow them to"think smart" and make decisions. These are what can be termed as autonomous andintelligent robots.
o
 
Today the human analogy of an industrial robot is very limited. Robots do not look likehumans, and they do not behave like humans. Instead, they are one-armed machineswhich almost always operate from a fixed location on the factory floor.Future robots are likely to have a greater number of attributes similar to humans, such ashaving greater sensor capabilities, more intelligence, a higher
 
level of manual dexterity, and alimited degree of mobility. There is no denying that the technology of robotics is moving in adirection to provide these machines with more and more capabilities like those of humans.It is an electric machine which has some ability to interact with physical objects and to begiven electronic programming to do a specific task or to do a whole range of tasks or actions. It
 
may also have some ability to perceive and absorb data on physical objects, or on its localphysical environment, or to process data, or to respond to various stimuli. This is in contrast to asimple mechanical device such as agearor ahydraulic pressor any other item which has no
 
processing ability and which does tasks through purelymechanicalprocesses and motion.

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