5. 3. Деятельность НАТО в Косово
“INFLUENCE OF BALKAN CRISES ON RUSSIAN AND NORTH ATLANTICALLIANCE RELATIONS”Thesis byHendra ManurungThe Saint-Petersburg State UniversityMaster of Arts in Area Studies of European CountriesCity of Saint-Petersburg2002Ab stract
The principle of engagement over indifference is guiding Russia and NATO larger vision for the future of South-Eastern Europe. A future in which South-Eastern Europeanceases to be a source of instability and conflict; a future in which this region enjoys stabilityand prosperity, at peace with itself and the rest of Europe. A future in which even Serbiaembraces the values shared across the Euro-Atlantic area, such as democracy, respect for human rights and rejoins the European family. The international community is approachingthis project in a coordinated and comprehensive way, rather than ad - hoc. Russia and NATOare finally looking at this area as a region, as South Eastern European. Russia and NATO willfoster democracy and prosperity across the region. They will also foster Euro-Atlantic valuesacross the region, such as: the values of tolerance, of multiculturalism, of peace, and of justice. Of course, NATO and Russia are not doing this alone. The European Union and theOSCE will play leadership roles in this project. NATO's efforts in the region are based on the same principle that regional cooperationcan contribute significantly to enhanced security. At last year's Washington Summit 1999, NATO created a consultative forum on security matters on South Eastern Europe. NATO arealso building on the existing mechanisms of the Partnership for Peace (PfP) and the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council to give substance to their promise of assistance to Partners in theregion. NATO is also making another long-term investment in European stability, throughtheir ongoing enlargement process. Through Membership Action Plan, NATO will giveadvice, assistance and practical support to countries aspiring to membership. The relationship between Allies and membership aspirants will become more "
", and will work energetically with them to help them come closer to the Alliances.Finally, to be successful in South-Eastern Europe, the NATO Allies will continue tocooperate closely with Russian government. Russian diplomacy was crucial in helping themto end the Kosovo air campaign last June 1999 on terms acceptable to the internationalcommunity. Combined NATO and Russia pressure are now equally acceptable to persuade both Serbs and Albanians to implement fully UN Security Council Resolution 1244 and to persuade Milosevic not to start any new adventures in a region that has already known four wars since 1991. The writer assumes, that NATO and Russian relationships much too