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ShorthandForProtestants_NiallMeehan_2009

ShorthandForProtestants_NiallMeehan_2009

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Published by John Mullee
Discussion of sectarian divisions in ireland up to the 1980s, based on personal ads in newspapers, reviews, etc
Discussion of sectarian divisions in ireland up to the 1980s, based on personal ads in newspapers, reviews, etc

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Published by: John Mullee on Apr 07, 2012
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05/13/2014

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SOURCES
ShorthandforProtestants:
NiallMeehan
castsacoldeyeonthesmalladsofournewspaperofrecordInthe'50s,'60sand'70s.
46
I·
1.960neWlY.elec.re.d.preSide.ntJ.0110
F.
Kennedywasworriedabout
an
imaginary
US---USSR
nuclear'missilegap',
In
DublinMiss
Elizabeth
Synnott'semploymentagencywasworried
by
a'Protestantgap'.InearlyJanuary1960inthe
IrishTimes
sheadvertisedthat'Protestantshorthandtypists'were'urgentlywanted'.Laterthatmonth,'aProtestantshorthandtypist(senior)'was'avai!able',thoughinearlyFebruarytheywereagainrequired,either
full-
orpart-time.
In
July,however,aProtestantwith'excellenttestimonials'wasofferedtofirmsoperating
religious
segregationatquitejuniorlevels.Andsoitcontinuedthroughouttheheady
1960s,
MissSynnott,whoprovided'abetterselection'(Dec.'69),andthe
IrishTimes
alternatelyenticedorproffered'educated','experienced'or'inexperienced'Protestant
officestaff.
InJuly
1970
Synnott's
stilt
soughtProtestants,longafterthemissilegaphadvanishedandduringaperiodwhenthe
IrishTimes
wasreportingcivilrightsmovements
in
the
US
andinIreland.
Protestantstendedtobemoremanageria.ithanproletarian
The
1953
examples(seesidebar,
p,
47)
arefromthe
Irist:
independent,
whereProtestantand
'RC
advertisersviedforspace.Inthe
lri511
Times
mostlyProtestantswere'preferred'.Astheyconstitutedlessthan
4%
ofthesouthernpopulation,thisindicatesextensivesectarianrecruitment.
It
alsoindicatessocialclassdiversity,
with
working-classProtestantsadvernsmgtheirexistenceandoccupations.TheProtestant
History
IRELAND
September/October
2009
 
Oppositepage:Atypicaltypingpoolinthe
19305.
InDublininJanuary
1960
MissElizabethSynnott'semploymentagencyadvertisedinthe
IrishTimes
for'Protestantshorthandtypists'.(MaryEvansPictureLibrary/Alamy)populationtendedtobemoremanagerialthanproletarian,however,accountingforonethirdofdirectorsandmanagersbutonly652of48,000labourersandunskilledworkers
in
1961(lackWhite,
Millorityreport,1975).
Inills
Protestants
in
a
Catholic
state:Ireland'sprivileged
minority
(1983),
KurtBowenreportedthatin1955
80%of
ProtestantsworkedprimarilywithotherProtestantsand
90%
workedfirstforaProtestantfirm.Thehigheruponewentwithinthemanagerialhierarchy,themoreProtestantexclusivitywasencountered.Thisincludedthe
irish
Times,
whereJeanDunne(neeMartin),thefirstCatholicemployedinhergradeinthe19605,reportedtomethatthepaperadvertisedforProtestant-onlyclerical/administrativestaff.Theun-suitedprintersweremainlyCatholic,though.BowenoutlinedhowProtestantprefermentworkedintheIrishRepublic.ProtestantsandCatholicswereeducatedseparately.ProtestantfirmsseekingstaffwrotetoProtestantschoolsandwerealsoableto'identifyCatholicapplicantsbytheirschooling'.Thesetheyput'aside'.Adsalsoappearedstating,forexample,'Juniorcopytypist(Protestant)requiredbylargecityfirm,age1&--21.Applystatingwhereeducated'
(lan,
'69).InNovember1958charteredaccountantsrequiredaProtestantqualifiedassistant.InAugust
1973,
possiblywiththesameobjectinmind,accountantswanteda'youngman'tosupply'detailsofschoolattended'.Ifanyonegotarawdealitwaswomen.requiredtoresignonmarriagefromthecivilserviceandthebanks.Four-and-a-halfpercentofseniorcivilservantswereProtestantin1961,whileseniorbankingpositionshada25%quotientin1972.Inhis(nowsadlyoutofprint)study,BowencitedWhiteon'asmallnumber'ofsuchadsinthe
irishTimes
'duringthe
1920s'.
Whitereportedthreefrom
1927.
In
fact,sectarianadvertisingfeaturedineverydecadeuptothe19805andappearstohavearousedlittle,ifany,'Catholichostility'.
It
wasoutintheopen,inthelower-Circulation
Times
andthecirculation-leading
Irish
Independent,
thenanewspaperwithaconservativeCatholicprofile.
History
LRELADSeptember/October
2009
WANTED:Protestanttypists,barmen,hotelreceptionists,etc.
3January1956
lADYCOOK,
YOUOi
(Prote.slaot(.reqUiresdailyPCl5I;sevenycar~preseotoosition(privateiD.stitUlion).PhODe91327or
80..
Z.
725.Cook.
SECRETARIAL/RECEPTIONISTPCI5t
Ro-
quired
by
younaLldy(f"rotcstu!);3vea.rs'PDeriencc;AluandrlCol1c,o
Iramed;Shorthaod
130
",.p.m.;fut,
ICCu.n.le
tYpiDil.
DO
boolc.lc.ccpiDI1..JtEFINEDProte"tantyouna
bdy,
experiencedbousckC'cl'cr.duirCIJPO.li
1I0od
cook.BoxZ71&.House"c~D<!r.
R(FINED.e:tpcricnccdProtestantbdy
Desiresprm.reeentloulstand
a5."iislanl.smallhotel,IIUCSlhouse;exccllentreferences,
BOltZ715.
Receptionist.
'FARM.E.Il'SSON.1.6
yeats.
PrOl....."o'l.
Se~'"
pOSition
with
ptOfp'tSsivefum
10
train
IS
rcprc!'Cntativeorsal"s_:
SecondarYeduCltjon.Boll
B1:562.'FAllM£R'SSON,28.aiDale
(C.l.\.
·.,i$hes
tohear
oC
vacllflCYIS
WOtkinl
stewarel:uDdcHlaolb
IU
firm
dutiesc.
Bolt
Z561.
Vac.IIncy.28BCASlllER-ProteslJIDtlady.lonIuperiClICO""ith"liefirm.
dcs.ires
chanac;Hlary.
£420
p...
BoxB
1212,
2$1
0.
26January1960
APROTESTANTS1'Iotlhand/Typilt(senior)
avtilable.-Miu
Synnott's,11
M-iddlc
AbbeySUtct.Telephont$:42621
f8.
DOcrOR
rerommend,CompaDiOll
VaJCI,
Protestant,bursina
clpuience.
Box'L
915.11b271
DRAPERY-Youngmia,
single,
34
yeaN,
T.T.
C.
of
1:
110M
.lpl)euanu.
elI-
eeilem
rdetentes
and
experience.seeks
te5polUible
position
with
800d
'prosnecu,
29July1964
COU;o.,TkyGIRL.
Prolutant.
quiet,respectable.seelo<lighthousework,
chil-
dren.orDart
time.
Phone54386.3
10
7
p.m.
l7i301
ENTERT.4.INMENTS
MAN:\GER.
Qualificd~~accountantand~c~t~t...
tr.
desire<
ChlllKC
ofemplnyment.
Krten.
\idy~'I!d
~mbiliollsworker,
Prc.,II)
ICri30.OtUZ
1239.
M3nagN.17j~O!
A.
L.lD\'
WhOM
t.'eDW
,un'
"!Ilia
intelCSta
andcxpvience
bne
been
oook.
inl,
aardenln..t;o'pcwritiq,$OWing.
Require.
po';lioll
.n......
here.qaiot,withkinen!,cbeerlulPrOIe$taDtt.
Do,.
Z14:51.
I.ady.l7il11
COUNT&"ROllK111Co.We:rford.
Good11_
and
r:ma.It
!lata",o«crcd
tfmporarilyto
settled.
educated
per500
CC.
of
r.)
hi.
mum
for
kipla
ilOtlIIe-
1I01cl..Willbe
.,..te.d...
on.
of
tb.
f.",ily.
Rcplfa
treated
ill_thlellCB.
1Jol('
Z1286.!kIp.
49-jsoe.
mJDBNT.
is.
Ln\in&Ceflilkau
sCud-
.td,.
cdt"
temporary
JXDI.
~I
.onlh~.POndofaliiId
rea.
Prol.e:tlilit.
Boll:
Z1277.
Sb!.de.nl.
17J3OI.
MissSynnottwasonesmallpartoftheadvertisingdiet.Protestantsandfirmsseekingthemadvertisedopenlyandprovidedsomeinterestingcontrasts.InlateJanuary1960a'Protestantyoungladyshorthandtypist'soughtapostalongside'Doctorrecommendscompanionvalet,Protestant'(presumablyanactualvaletratherthanadviceonarelaxinglifestyle).InFebruary1953a'non-union'Protestantautomobileelectrician/weldersoughtwork,whereas'Barmen,Protestants',wereoffered'fullunionwagesandconditions'inBangor,NorthernIreland.Most.jobsweresouthernandmostadsdidnotstateareligiouspreference,thoughnorthernonesinvariablydid.A'BelfastCatholicfamily'insearchof'ayoungcountrygirl'thoughtitprudenttoadd'safearea'.Whatwasmoreimportant,identityorexpertise?InSeptember1963,MissSynnottsoughta'Protestanthotelrec.eptionist'inthe
IrishIndependent.
Thatdaya
'e.
ofI.businesslady,welleducated',desired'anytypeofwork',whilea'highlyeducatedyounglady,23,Protestant',wantedan'interestingposition'.Somewerequiteprecise.FirmsthinkingofspicinguptheirsociallifeinJuly1964wereofferedtheservicesofaPresbyterian'entertainmentsmanager'.Thesamedayalsointhe
IrishTimes
a'gardener(e.l.),soughtwork,togetherwitha'quietrespectable'Protestant'countrygirl'.Alsothatday,'aladyofunknownpersuasionwithtwentyyears'experiencerequireda'positionwithkindlycheerfulProtestants'.Wasthereanotherkind?InNovember1945a'Gentlewoman(RC)'offered'services,nosalary',adding'Protestantnotobjectedto'.Forsomeherreligionmighthavebeenthepriceofanyobjection.
47
 
Segregation
It
appears,onthebasisofadvertising,thatsouthern
Irish
Protestantsenteredtheworld
in
aProtestantmaternityhospital,attendedby
Protestant
midwives,nursesanddoctorsandfedbyProtestantcooks,wenttoaProtestantschool,werefedbymoreProtestantsandhadwoundstendedbyaProtestantmatron.GamesplayedbyCatholicswereavoided,apartfromsoccer,whereaChurchofIrelandleaguemaintainedexclusivity.TherewereProtestantscoutsandguidesplustheBoys'Brigade.Attheappropriatetime,Protestantemployerswereathand,servicedbyaChurchofIrelandemploymentagencyafter1925,andin1944theDawsonEmploymentBureau'foremployerandunemployedmembersoftheChurchofIreland',accordingtothe
ChurchofirelandGazette.
Sociallifewasfurtherfacilitatedbythe
yw.
or
YMCA
andtheparishdance,from,whichCatholicswereexcluded.Whererestricted.InSeptember1972the'BadmintonCityClub(Protestant)'advertised'vacandes'.Aroundthehouse,'Protestantmanwilldoallyourpainting,paperingandcarpentry'(Feb
'61),
whilethegardencouldbetendedby'gardener,experien.ed,Cof1',alsopresumablyaman
(luly'63).
Foodcouldbepurchasedfroma'generalgrocery'thatrequireda'reliablegirlassistant(Protestant)'(March'61).Otherhouseholdgoodscouldbeobtainedfroma'largedepartmentaldrapery'thatadvertisedfor'twogirlsandtwoboysofschoolleavingage(Protestants)'(April
'61).
If
inneedofrentedaccommodation,an
Irish
Times
scanwouldreveal'accommodationoffered,Protestantbusinesslady',or'Protestantbusinessgentlemanofferedpartialboard'(bothSept.'68).A'gentleman(.of1.)'advertisedhisrequirementfor'comfortablelodgingswithbreakfastandsupper'(Dec.'64).Ifill-healthshouldbefall,moreProtestantnurses,doctors,interactionwasrequiredittoocouldbecooksandothercareworkerswereathand,
Above:Protestantself-segregationsuitedRomanCatholicarchbishopofDublinJohnCharlesMcQuaid,whothoughtthatthereshouldbelittle,
if
any,contactfromthatdirection.(NationalGalleryofireland)
beforedayswereconcludedinaProtestantchurchandfinalrestingplace('Firstclassplot,StNessan'Protestanteetion,DeansGrange,unoccupied[March'70]).Insuchcircumstances,veryLittle,ifany,contactwiththeother95%mighteasllyandagreeably,accordingtotemperament,becontrived.Italsosuitedthose,uchatheRomanCatholicarchbishopofDublin,JohnCharlesMcQuaid,whothoughtthatthereshouldbelittle,
if
any,contactfromthatdirection.
Netemere
OnereasonadvancedforsealingofftheProtestantpopulationwastheCatholicChurch'slie
temere
decree,requiringaProtestantspouse
In
a'mixedmarriage'tofaiseehildrenasCatholics.'Losing'Protestantsinthiswaydiminishedthecommunity'Scapacitytoreproduce.Owingtolateageofmarriage,ageprofileandemigration,Protestantnumbersdeclinedslowlyuntilthe19605.evertheless,suchishumanfrailty,orthecapacityofindividualstodefyarbitrarystandards,thatillicitcontactdidtakeplace.AnunmarriedpregnantProtestantwomanmightendlipintheBethanyHome,'themajorfacilityforProtestantwomeninneedofinstitutionalcare',accordingtoBowen.ThethenChurchofIrelandarchbishopofDublindeclaredita'doorofhope'for'fallen'womenwhenitopenedin1922.AlsoinvolvedwasRevdT.C.Hammond,aleadingDublinopponentofHomeRule
History
IRELANDSeptember/October2009

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