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Congruent and Similar Figures Worksheet

# Congruent and Similar Figures Worksheet

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This is a worksheet to help students review congruent and similar figures. It assumes that students have already seen this material before, so it introduces the ideas again and looks at some pretty difficult applications. Is designed for pre-algebra students to help them review material for the state standardized test.
This is a worksheet to help students review congruent and similar figures. It assumes that students have already seen this material before, so it introduces the ideas again and looks at some pretty difficult applications. Is designed for pre-algebra students to help them review material for the state standardized test.

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11/17/2012

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Name:__________________
One of These Things is not Like the Others
The T.V. Show
Sesame Street
had a game they played called “one of these things is not like the others.” We’re
going to play a few rounds of this game to discover two important things about the relationships betweendifferent geometric figures.
Round 1:
Use centimeter rulers and p
rotractors to determine which figure doesn’t fit. Then answer the questions
below.

Figure A Figure B Figure C Figure D1.)

Which figure is not like the others?2.)

Are the other three figures really the same?a.

What about the three figures is thesame? (there are 6 things)b.

What about the three figures isdifferent?3.)

The figure that’s not the same as the other three is
still
similar
to the other three.a.

What does the forth figure share with the otherthree figures? (there are 3 things)b.

I made a copy of one of the three figures that areidentical then did something to it. What did I doto it to make it different from the other three?
Round 2:
Use centimeter rulers
and protractors to determine which figure doesn’t fit. Then answer the questions
below.

Figure A Figure B Figure C Figure D1.)

Which figure is not like the others?2.)

Are the other three figures really the same?

a.

What about the three figures is thesame? (there are 6 things)b.

What about the three figures isdifferent?3.)

The figure that’s not the same as the other
three is still
similar
to the other three.a.

What does the forth figure share with the otherthree figures? (there are 3 things)b.

To create the figure that’s different,
I made a copyof one of the three figures that are identical thendid something to it. What did I do to it to make itdifferent from the other three?4.)

In Geometry, two shapes that are the same are called
congruent.
a.

What needs to be the same for two shapes to be congruent?b.

What can be different between two shapes but we can still call them congruent?5.)

In Geometry, two shapes that have the same shape but are different sizes are called
similar.
a.

Between two similar shapes, what still needs to be the same?b.

What do you do to the side lengths of one shape to produce a new shape that is similar to the originalone?c.

The number that you use to enlarge or shrink a shape is called the
scale factor.
Look at the followingshape. On the left, draw a shape
similar
to the one in the middle but shrink it with a scale factor of ½ .On the right, draw a shape
similar
to the one in the middle but enlarge it with a scale factor of 1.5.
Round 3:
Use centimeter rulers and protractors to determine which figure is not like the others.

Figure A Figure B Figure C Figure D
Round 4:
Challenge round. Suppose you work in a Russian doll making factory (you know, those dolls that can be
opened up and there’s another doll inside the big one, then another doll inside that smaller one …). You think
that one of the dolls has been made incorrectly so you go talk to your boss. He asks you to prove it to him. He
won’t go through all the trouble of reconfiguring the machines unless he’s sure one of the dolls is not in the
correct proportions. How can we prove it to him? Here are the dolls:
Figure E

Figure D

Figure C

Figure B
Figure A
Round 5:

Make your own “one of these things is not like the other” problem. Either make
three similar figuresand one that is not similar, or make three congruent figures and make one that is similar, not congruent.Figure A Figure B Figure C Figure DTrade papers with a partner and try to solve their puzzle.
Applications