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Textile Research Paper 3 by Mansoor Iqbal Light Fastness HEJ

Textile Research Paper 3 by Mansoor Iqbal Light Fastness HEJ

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J.Chem.Soc.Pak.Vol.29,No.3,2007
217
LightFastnessofBi-FunctionalReactiveDyeswithPad-BatchandPad-DryCureMethodsonCellulosicSubstrate
M.IQBAL*,A.ALEEM,J.MUGHALANDQ.SIDDIQUI
PCSIRLaboratoriesComplex,OffUniversityRoad,Karachi-75280,Pakistan.
(Received24"September2005,revised2""February2006)Summary:Twobifunctionalreactivedyescontainingtwodifferentreactivegroups(sulphatoethylsulphoneandmonochlorotriazine)havebeenappliedoncellulosicsubstratewithpad-batchandpad-drycuremethodsandtheirlightfastnesswasexaminedonMercuryBlendedTungstenFilamentlampatdifferenttimeintervals.
It
wasobservedthatthelightfastnessresultsobtainedwithpad-batchprocesswerebetterthanwithpad-drycuremethod.Thecolorimetricdataclearlyshowstheextenttowhichthedyeingmethodsaffectthelightfastnessintermsoffadingofcolorfromtheoriginaldyeings.Further.itwasconcludedthattheadditionofureaataconcentrationof100-120gIIexhibitedpronouncedeffectonlightfastnessofthedyedfabricwithpad-drycuremethod.
IntroductionReactivedyesareimportantincottondyeing,becauseoftheirexcellentwetfastnessandverywidecolorpalette.Pad-batchandpad-drycurearethetwomostwidelyusedmethodsinthetextileprocessingindustry.Thesemi-continuouspad-batchprocessoffersameansofproducingmoderatelengthtypicalofeachcoloratlowcapitalcost.Infact,thisprocessisanexhaustivemethodcarriedoutatextremelylowliquorratioandambienttemperatureinwhichallthedyeisentrainedinthesubstrate.TheimpregnatedbatchisstoredseparatelyfromthepaddingequipmentandthisallowswidevariationofdwelltimeaccordingtothereactivityofthedyesselectedandthepHoftheimpregnatedfabric[1-2].Continuousdyeingrepresentsthehighestlevelofproductivity,inwhichthedwelltimeafterimpregnationisreducedtoafewsecondsorminutesbyheatingthefabrictoahightemperature.Thisapproachhowever,entailsmuchhighercapitalcost[3].Currenttrendsinthedevelopment.ofcottondyeingwithreactivedyesareinfavorofsemi-continuousandsmallscalecontinuousinstallation.Inthepresentwork,twobifunctionalreactivedyeswereused.Thesedyesmainlyreactwiththehydroxygroupinthecellulosechaineitherbynucleophilicsubstitutionofareactivechlorineatom(monochlorotriazinereactivesite)orbynucleophilicaddition(sulphatoethylsulphonereactivesite)toanactivateddoublebond[4].Investigationshavebeenmadepreviouslyofthefadingofreactivedyesboundtocellulosicfabrics.
It
wasfoundthatreactivedyesappliedtocottonbypad-batchmethodgavebetterlightfastnesscomparedwithpad-drycuremethod[5-6).TheaimofcreatingtheCIEsystemistotellushowacolormightbereproduced(byamixtureofthreeprimarylightsources)ratherthandescribed.Theamountsofthethreeprimariesrequiredtomatchaparticularcolorprovideanumericalspecificationofthecolor.Adifferentcolorwouldrequiredifferentamountsofprimariesandhencethespecificationwouldbedifferent.SomeideaofthecolorseencanbededucedfromCIEcolorspecifications.Furthermore,wewouldneverattempttoreproduceacolorbyactuallymixingtheCIEprimaries.Acolorhasathreedimensionalpropertythatisapparentinvariousways.Coloratlasarrangescolorsbasedonthree-scalesystemcombininghue,valueandchroma,intheMunsellsystem[7).Presentpaperreportsonthefadingofsomebi-functionalreactivedyesdyedbytwodifferentdyeingmethodswhenexposedtoMercuryBlendedTungstenFilamentlampatdifferenttimeintervalsandthechanges,whichoccurredintheircolorcoordinates.ResultsandDiscussion
'Towhomallcorrespondenceshouldbeaddressed.
Dyeingswithdifferentdepthofshadeswerepreparedbybothpad-batchandpad-drycure
 
218
J.Chem.Soc.Pak.Vol.29,No.3,2007methods.Theeffectoflight(MBTF)onthefadingandcolorchangeofreactivedyesonfabrichasbeeninvestigated.Thespectralcharacteristicsandcolorcoordinatesweremeasuredfororiginalandfadedsamples.
RelationBetweenDyeingMethodsandLightFastness
Lightfastnessislargelycorrelatedwiththedyeingmethods.ArelationbetweentypicaldyeingmethodsandlightfastnessisbettershowninFigs.1-4.
CIREACTIVERED19520h
60h
TIME
l00h
0h
80h
Fig.
1
CIREACTIVERED19520h
40h
60h
TIME
SOh
l00h
Fig.2Figs.1-2:ColorfadingofC.IReactiveRed195atdifferentconcentrationsFromtheresultsgiveninTables-land2,ithasbeenobservedthatdyeingbypad-batchmethodatconcentrationsof10g/1and30
g/
1offersbetterfastnesstolightascomparedwithdyeingbypad-drycuremethod.Thisresultismainlyduetolowdyeingtemperatureandtheprocessdwelltime,whichresultsinthecompletediffusionofdyeintothefiberandalsoanexcellent
M.IQBAL
et.
aL,
CIREACTIVEYEllOW145
20h
40h
6CJ1
TIME
6CJ1
lOCI!
Fig.3
I_poe
10g11
_poe
30gII
I
CIREACTIVEYELLOW145
65
e
3;
4
~
III
3
w
Z
~2
u.
0
20h
60h
TIME
60h
100II
0h
Fig.4Fig.3-4:ColorfadingofC.IReactiveYellow145atdifferentconcentrationsdyecelluloseanddye-waterreactionrate.Similarly,byincreasingtheexposuretimethelightfastnessdecreases.Pad-drycuremethodcausedmorefadingofadyethanpad-batchmethod.Thispoorlightfastnessmaybeattnibutedtoshortdyeingtimeanddrythermofixationattemperature150°C-200°Cwhichresultsinthedegradationofdyemolecules[8-9].Thecolorcoordinatesrecordedfororiginalandfadedsamplesshowedchangesinvalues.HighervaluesofL
*
areobtainedforfadedsamplesascomparedtotheoriginalsamples,whichmeansadecreaseinthedepthofcolor.Thefadinggraduallyincreasesastheexposuretimeincrease,whichshowsthedepthofshadegraduallydecreases.Whenwecompareboththedyeingprocesses,itisclearlyobservedthatthereisa
 
LIGHTFASTNESSOFBI-FUNCI10NAL
J.Chem.Soc.Pak.Vol.29,No.3,2007
219
Table-I:LightfastnessdataandcolorcoordinatesofClReactiveYellow145.
CIELabMunsellTristimulusChromatacityRenotationValuesCoordinatesDyeProcess!
Hrs
LightL*a*b*c*h
X
Y
Z
x
yCone.fastnessC.IYelloworiginal
5
86.597.1235.6336.3378.7069.3969.7738.210.39120.393414520586.896.3832.2135.5680.5667.7369.1740.610.38160.389710gll404-587.265.3432.6933.1280.736'9.3170.5441.180.38290.3896P.B60487.515.3331.7632.1780.8469.7171.0542.350.38050.3880803-487.7651231.5632.0180.8670.3071.5642.890.38050.3873100387.774.6930.09304581.1470.0371.5944.210.37690.3852original583.258.4440.5441.3978.3164.8364.5531.07040410.4023C.IYellow204-584.508.4140.8541.7178.3665.3165.0331.14040450.4027145404-584.608.3840.6241.4978.2763.8963.5730.390.40490.402710gl160484.718.3639.9840.8478.1964.7064.4231.380.40310.4014P.D.C803-484.847.1838.3938.9880.0361.9962.3831.200.39850.40101002-384.976.7837.01377080.4365.4565.7234.390.39530.3970C.IYelloworiginal573.3328.9072.7278.2568.3353.8045677.210.50430.420114520573.5028.2271.6777.0268.5153.8145927.570.50150.428030gl1404-573.6127.42724077.42696653.1945.637.280.50130.4301P.B604-573.4028.3271.5276.9668.6953.6945787.550.50170.4277804-573.7227.6971.5276.6968.8453.3545.697.540.50060.42871003-473.8927.7469.78751068.9353.0045.357.910.49880.4268C.IYelloworiginal566.6035.7475.4583.1965.4545.6436.344.070.53030.422314520566.6335.7073.7781.14654044.9736.144.350.52620.422930g/l40466.6933.6773.1281.0565.3444.8536.104.460.52510.4227P.D.C60466.7333.5373.6580.9365.2245.0436.284.400.52540.4232803-466.8433.3474.3780.6664.7044.7235.514.080.53040.4212100367.9033.1573.9480.4564.3645.6136.664.450.52600.4228
Table-2:LightfastnessdataandcolorcoordinatesofClReactiveRed195
CIELabMunsellTristimulusChromaticityRenotationValuesCoordinatesDyeProcess/HrsLightL*
a*
b*
hX
Y
Zx
yCone.fastnessC.IRed195original577.5226.13-7.8227.28343.3459.9852.4064.810.33850.295710gli204-578.3125.37-6.9226.29344.0560.5553.2364.740.33920.2982P.B40478.2925.62-7.3126.65344.5960.2552.8664.760.33880.2972603-478.0124.75-6.7425.65344.7660.2753.2264.540.33860.2989803-478.4623.94-6.4024.49344.8558.8352.2963.070.33770.30021002-378.4723.61-6.4824.78344.8360.7854.0265.160.33770.3002C.IRed195original568.4034.99-8.2135.94346.7948.0938.5148.730.35540.284610g!1204-569.1436.53-9.0337.63346.1149.8339.5350.740.35560.2822P.D.C40469.7634.84-8.8235.94345.7950.1940.401.590.35300.2842603-470.0634.02-7.9534.94346.0550.3740.8351.240.35360.2867802-370.7833.56-8.1434.53346.3751.3641.8652.650.35210.2870100271.143310-8.2434.11346.015U842.3953.390.35090.2873C.lRed195original565.2124.31-5.2125.81326.4143.8943.2157.820.31820.185130gl120566.0223.21-5.1824.913267944.7640.3957.950.29380.1868P.B404-566.0623.01-5.0224.06326.8244.8940.2458.360.30220.188860468.1221.56-4.8323.56327.2545.0241.5757.970.30820.1898803-468.4121.78-4.7622.27327.9845.3540.1258.650.30170.1901100368.6220.98-4.2421.40328.0745.7839.8158.870.30140.1932C.IRed195original539.8855.79-30655.87356.8619.801l.l813.180.44840.253230gll20540.4556.18-1.8956.21358.0720.3711.52
l3.10
0.45280.2561P.D.C404-541.4656.35-2.7156.42357.6021.3212.1614.140.44770.256260441.5356.28-2.3656.33357.6021.3712.2014.050.44870.256280341.6557.23-3.0457.31356.9621.6712.2714.410.44810.25381002-342.2454.41-3.3754.52356.4521.6112.6614.990.43870.2569

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