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OSI is Short for Open Systems Interconnection

OSI is Short for Open Systems Interconnection

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Published by: sangeetaratan19894026 on Dec 12, 2008
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11/22/2010

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OSI is short for Open Systems Interconnection.OSI model was first introduced by the International Organization forStandardization (ISO) in 1984
 –
Outlines
WHAT
needs to be done to send data from one computerto another.
 –
Not
HOW
it should be done.
 –
Protocols stacks handle how data is prepared for transmittalContains specifications in 7 different layers that interact with each other.Commonly referred to as the OSI reference model.The OSI model is a theoretical blueprint that helps us understand how datagets from one user’s computer to another.It is also a model that helps develop standards so that all of our hardwareand software talks nicely to each other.BOTTOM LINE: The OSI model aids standardization of networkingtechnologies by providing an organized structure for hardware andsoftware developers to follow, to insure there products are compatible withcurrent and future technologies
7 Layer OSI Model
Why use a reference model?Serves as an outline of rules for how protocols can be used to allowcommunication between computers.Each layer has its own function and provides support to other layers.Other reference models are in use.Most well known is the TCP/IP reference model.We will compare the OSI and TCP/IP models in this presentation.As computing requirements increased, the network modeling had toevolve to meet ever increasing demands of larger networks and multiplevenders.Problems and technology advances also added to the demands forchanges in network modeling.
 
Evolution of the 7-Layers
Single Layer Model - First Communication Between Computer DevicesDedicated copper wire or radio linkHardware & software inextricably intertwinedSingle specification for all aspects of communicationTwo Layer Model
Problem:
Applications were being developed to run over ever-increasingnumber of media/signaling systems.
Solution:
Separate application aspects from technical (signaling androuting) aspects
Application Layer:
Concerned with user interface, file access and filetransfer
Evolution of the 7-Layers (3)
Four Layer Model - Network connectivity inherently requires travel overintermediate devices (nodes)Technical Standards Level divided into Network, Data-link and PhysicalLayersPhysical LayerDescribes physical aspects of network: cards, wires, etcSpecifies interconnect topologies and devices
 
Network LayerDefines a standard method for operating between nodesAddress scheme is defined (IP)Accounts for varying topologiesData-LinkWorks with Network Layer to translate logical addresses (IP) into hardwareaddresses (MAC) for transmission

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