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REACH 6 Mansor Iqbal

REACH 6 Mansor Iqbal

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Published by Mansoor Iqbal

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Mansoor Iqbal on Apr 08, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/02/2014

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Submitted By: Munazza Sohail, Aleem Ahmed,MansoorIqbal and Kamran Ahmed.Authors are associated with:PCSIR Laboratories Complex Karachi-Pakistan.
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Introduction:
What is REACH?
REACH is a new European community regulation on chemicals and their safe use. REACH stands for 
“Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals”.
Registration:
Companies in the Eu making or importing more than one ton of achemical substances per year register in a central database. Producer/Importer would have to collect and submit information on each chemical properties, usesand safe handling. Testing may be required.
Evaluation:
Public authorities would look in more detail at registration dossiersand at substances of concern.
Authorization and Restriction of Chemical substances:
Use-Specific permission would be necessary for chemicals that cause cancer, mutation or  problems with reproduction, or those which accumulate in bodies andenvironment. The European commission and the European Chemicals Agencywould have the power to restrict the use of certain substances in the Eu.It isestimated that the first list of authorization will include about 900 SVHC; and theSVHC will be increased to 15,00 after 11 years.
REACH
has come into force in June 2007 to replace 40 existing chemicalsregulations and directives. Substances in volumes over one ton per year mustneither manufactures nor imported in the Eu (even in preparation/Mixtures andarticles under certain conditions), unless they are registered.It is assumed that about 100,000 substances defined as "existing chemicals" will be altered by REACH. There is a list of more than 700 chemicals will regulate andlist of chemicals revised at least once per year required by Act.
REACH in Numbers:
 
1000 Pages of Text
 
30,000 Chemicals to be registered over 11 years
 
At least one million more animal tests
 
Billion of Euros saved in health care cost
 
Objective of REACH:
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The objective of REACH is to:
 
To Ensure a high-level protection of human health and the environment
 
To Enhancing the innovation of green chemicals.
 
To increase competitiveness of Eu chemical industries
 
To prevent fragmentation of internal marketing.
 
To increase transparency.
 
To achieve integration with global effort.
 
To promote non animal testing.
It is estimated that around 30,000 substances are required for registration.The larger the quantity produced or imported, the more properties have to be evaluated. The registration period lasts for 11 years, registrants for  phase-in substances may have a longer preparation time depends ontonnage and toxicity of the chemicals, and provided that pre-registration ismade between June 1, 2008 and December 1, 2008. Registrants for non phase-in substances are required to register their substances in June 2008onwards.
ECHA 
will evaluate at least 5% of the submitted registration dossiers andselect some high-risk substances for detailed evaluation of the informationsubmitted. ECHA will also evaluate the appropriateness of testing proposalwhich involves vertebrate.Category One and Two carcinogens, mutagens and toxic for reproduction, persistent bioaccumulative and toxic, very persistent and very bioaccumulative toxic and substances with similar toxic effects arecollectively named as Substances of Very High Concern (SVHC) for the purpose of REACH. It is estimated that the first list of authorization willinclude about 900 SVHC; and the number of SVHC will be increased to1,500 after 11 years.
 
Some Important Question Answers about REACH:
 
 
How much might REACH Cost?
The European Commission has estimated that Reach will cost industry between 2.8bn and 5.2bn euros (between £1.5bn and £3.5bn) over 11 years.Other estimates put the figure as high as 12.8bn euros (£8.6bn).However, the Commission also calculates that Reach would save Europe54bn euros (£36bn) over 30 years because fewer people would fall ill as aresult of exposure to chemicals.
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