Introduction to DNA Lesson Plan
Description (1-2 sentences): In this lesson, students will discover the structure and function of DNA and work in pairs to crack a secret code in the DNA sequence.Subject: ScienceInstruction time: 40 minutesStudent’s level by grade: 8
grade scienceStandard(s) to be addressed:Life Science Standard 3: Understand reproduction, heredity, adaptations, and diversity of lifeLearning Objectives that meet the standard(s) above (no more than three objective objectives):Identify the structure of DNA Name the Nitrogen bases of DNARead a DNA sequence and create a corresponding sequenceEssential questions for this lesson:What is genetics?How are traits passed from a parent to offspring?What are genes?What does a DNA molecule look like?What holds a DNA molecule together?If the DNA is a long strand, how does your body know which proteins to make and what part of the DNA to look at?Why might we want to know what nitrogenous base corresponds to another?Motivational strategies that you will use:Positive feedback Engaging gameType of instructional method(s) used in this lesson:Large group discussionSmall group activityReadingLesson Procedures—List carefully and completely (What will the students do?):
Students will be asked “what is genetics?” and “when parents conceive an offspring, how isit possible that the offspring looks like the parent?” and “Where does our body store thatinformation?” This will lead to the introduction of DNA.
The teacher will ask “who has seen a DNA molecule before?” The students who raise their hands will be asked “what does a DNA molecule look like?”3.)The students will describe a DNA molecule. The teacher will ask “If DNA is a doublehelix, what holds the two strands together?” This will lead to the introduction of Nitrogenous Bases. Each base will be written on the board and its corresponding base will be matched with it.
The teacher will then ask “if the DNA is a long strand, how does your body know what partof the DNA to look at?” This will lead to the introduction of genes (a sequence of codethat contains the information for one specific protein or trait) Cells contain about 35000genes.