The paper mainly discusses, the experimental trials, farmer demonstrations in aneffort to commercialise a package of technology for growing rice.
Research trials were conducted by establishing drip irrigation systems in severalrice ecosystems spread in many States in India—Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra,Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu. Trials were also conducted in the two majorseasons, rainy (Kharif) and Post rainy (Rabi) and summer.Trials with drip irrigation and fertigation were conducted in both dry seeded rice(DSR) and in transplanted rice methods of cultivation.
Hybrids used are Arize 6129(Bayer), RH 257(Monsanto),MK2325(Syngenta). Duration of crop after sowing is 115 to 140 days. Other varietiesreleased by PAU like PR 111, PR 113, PR 114, PR 115 and PR 120, are used.Duration of crop after sowing is 130 to 145 days.In Basmati varieties used are Basmati 370, Basmati 386, Super Basmati, PusaBasmati 1121 are used; duration of crop 130 to 150 days. Additionally, other localprominent varieties were also included in each location.
Agronomy practices standardized from the trials
1. Prepare well leveled and pulverized soil with adequate moisture. (Do a pre-planting plough, irrigate and germinate weeds and plough gain before land isready for rice planting).2. Prepare Bed and furrow as given above.Figure 1. Productivity of rice in India (2000–2010)
(Source: Ministry of Agriculture, GOI)