Traversing is a form of a control survey that requires the establishment of a seriesof stations that are linked together by angles and distances. The angles aremeasured by theodolites, and the distances are measured conventionally by tapesor electronic distance measuring equipment. The use of theodolite in traversingsurveys is very fundamental and has become one of the most common methods ingeomatic engineering work such as:
general purpose angle measurement;
provision of control surveys;
contour and detail mapping; and
setting out and construction work.This topic will describe the construction and use of the theodolite in traversing. Itwill explain the traverse design and the procedures of computing and adjusting a
Determine the nature of errors affecting the traverse work.4.
Compute coordinates for traversing; and
By the end of this topic, you should be able to:1.
Outline the basic components of a theodolite;2.
Carry out temporary adjustments of a theodolite;3.
Compute and adjust a theodolite traverse;