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MP EM Ass 23: AC Circuits, Power, and Resonance

MP EM Ass 23: AC Circuits, Power, and Resonance

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04/15/2013

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Assignment 23: AC 2, Power, and Resonance

A Resistor and a Capacitor in a Series AC Circuit

A resistor with resistance and a capacitor with capacitance are connected in series to an AC voltage source. Thetime-dependent voltage across the capacitor is given by .
Part A
What is the amplitude of the total current in the circuit?
Hint A.1 How to approach the problem
Hint not displayed

Hint A.2 Applying Ohm's law to a capacitor
Hint not displayed

Hint A.3 The reactance of a capacitor
Hint not displayed
Express your answer in terms of any or all of , , , and .
=Correct
Part B
What is the amplitude of the voltage across the resistor?
Hint B.1Relating to
Hint not displayed
=Correct
Part C
If , , , and , what is ?
Hint not displayed
=3CorrectmV
± A Voltage-Driven Parallel L-C Circuit

An AC source that provides a voltage drives an inductor having inductance and a capacitor having

capacitance , all connected in parallel.
Part A
Recall that the currents and through the inductor and capacitor are not in phase with their respectivevoltages and . In particular, for a sinusoidal voltage driver, which of the following statements is true?
and both lag their respective voltages.and both lead their respective voltages.leads and lags .lags and leads .CorrectThe phase angle between voltage and current for inductors and capacitors is radians. Among other things, thismeans that no power is dissipated in either, since the time-averaged product of current and voltage (= power) iszero: .
Part B
What is the amplitude of the current through the voltage source? In other words, if the time-dependent current is, what is the value of ?
Hint B.1 Voltage in a parallel circuit
Hint not displayed

Hint B.2 Current through the capacitor
Hint not displayed
Hint B.3 The current through the inductor
Hint not displayed
Hint B.4 Total current
Hint not displayed
Express the amplitude of the current in terms of , , , and .
=Correct
Part C

With and representing the respective magnitudes of the currents through the inductor and capacitor,which of the following statements is true?
At very high frequency and at very low frequency .At very high frequency and at very low frequency .for all frequencies.for all frequencies.and are about the same at all frequencies.Correct
Part D
The
L-C
circuit is one example of a system that can exhibit resonance behavior. The resonant frequency is. At this frequency, what is the amplitude of the current supplied by the voltage source?Express your answer in terms of and any other need terms from the problem introduction.
=0Correct
Part E
Which of the following statements best describes the implications of the result that when ?
The currents ; ; are zero at all times.The current is zero at all times although and are not.The current is zero only when the voltage is zero.The current is zero only when the amplitude of the voltage is not changing.CorrectAt the resonant frequency of the circut, the voltage source can supply voltage easily because the parallel
L-C
circuit draws no current at all! (For this reason, a parallel
L-C
circuit can be used as a filter to pass signals at theresonance frequency.) Of course, the same current flows in the inductor and the capacitor as the current thatflows when they are driven separately by the voltage source. However, the currents are exactly out of phase, sothat the net effect is a current circulating around the loop made by the capacitor and the inductor without passinginto or out of the voltage source.
Alternating Current, LC circuit

A capacitor with capacitance is connected in parallel to two inductors: inductor 1 with inductance , and inductor2 with inductance , as shown in the figure. The capacitor is charged up to a voltage , at which point it has a