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Constitutional Democracy in a Multicultural and Globalised World

Constitutional Democracy in a Multicultural and Globalised World

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Version 1.0 24/08/2006 15:33
Constitutional Democracyin aMulticultural and Globalised World
Thomas FleinerLidija Basta Fleiner
Editorial printout
 
 
Outline:
Chapter 1
 
General Introduction...................................................................1
 
A.
 
From Local Entities to the Globalised Marginalisation of theNation-State...................................................................................1
 
I.
 
Historical Influences on today’s World of States..................1
 
II.
 
Challenges for the States.......................................................9
 
B.
 
The Questions of the Theory of State............................................15
 
I.
 
Traditional Questions of the Theory of State........................15
 
II.
 
New Questions of the Theory of State..................................16
 
C.
 
What is and What Wants the General Theory of State?.................19
 
I.
 
The State: The Totally Different Society..............................19
 
II.
 
The Structure and the Different Questions to be Dealtwith........................................................................................22
 
Chapter 2
 
From the Tribe to the State in a Globalised Environment.......32
 
A.
 
The Origin of the State Community...............................................32
 
I.
 
The Need of Human Beings to Build up Communities.........32
 
II.
 
The State of the Modern Civil Society– a Supra-FamilyState?.....................................................................................40
 
III.
 
Conclusion.............................................................................44
 
B.
 
The Different Stages of Development of the StathoodCommunity....................................................................................45
 
I.
 
Introduction...........................................................................45
 
II.
 
Capability of Human Beings to Speak as the Pre-Condition for State-Building.................................................46
 
III.
 
The Society with Division of Labour as Condition for heBuilding of a State Community.............................................48
 
IV.
 
The Stages of State Development..........................................50
 
Chapter 3
 
The Idea of the Human Being and of the State as StartingPoint of State Theories................................................................82
 
A.
 
The Influence of the Idea of the Human Being on StateTheories.........................................................................................83
 
I.
 
Introduction...........................................................................83
 
II.
 
The View of the Human Nature within the ChristianTheology: State and State Authority are Wanted by Godand thus Indispensable for Human Beings............................86
 
III.
 
Enlightment...........................................................................91
 
B.
 
The Image of the State...................................................................107
 
I.
 
Abut what will we deal?........................................................107
 
II.
 
The State as a Higher Being (H
EGEL
)...................................111
 
III.
 
The State as Representation of the General Will (VolontéGénérale) according to R
OUSSEAU
........................................114
 
C.
 
The Justification of State Authority...............................................120
 
 
II
I.
 
The Problem..........................................................................120
 
II.
 
The Sate as Part of the Human Being....................................121
 
III.
 
The Nature of the Human Being...........................................122
 
IV.
 
Change of the “View of the State”........................................124
 
Chapter 4
 
Human Rights..............................................................................131
 
A.
 
Introduction...................................................................................131
 
B.
 
Development within States of the Western Constitutionalism......137
 
I.
 
Development of the Legal Protection in England.................137
 
II.
 
Development of the Legal Protection on the EuropeanContinent namely in France..................................................143
 
III.
 
Development of Human Rights in the USA..........................147
 
C.
 
The Development of the Human Rights Idea within thePolitical Theory.............................................................................155
 
I.
 
From Stoa to Renaissance.....................................................156
 
II.
 
Renaissance...........................................................................157
 
III.
 
The Area of the Liberal Constitutionalism............................159
 
IV.
 
From Liberalism to the Social Democracy and toCommunism..........................................................................161
 
V.
 
Communitarianism................................................................165
 
D.
 
The Types of Fundamental and Human Rights.............................167
 
I.
 
Introduction...........................................................................167
 
II.
 
Procedural Rights..................................................................170
 
III.
 
Human Rights According to the Content..............................173
 
E.
 
Institutional Protection of Human Rights......................................192
 
I.
 
Constitutional Courts............................................................192
 
II.
 
Administrative Law Courts...................................................195
 
III.
 
Institutions of the Administration.........................................197
 
IV.
 
International Law..................................................................199
 
F.
 
Limits of Human Rights................................................................203
 
I. Who is Allowed to Determine the Limits of FundamentalRights?..................................................................................205
 
II.
 
Which are the Legitimate Limits of Fundamental Rights?....207
 
G.
 
Criteria’s of Justice........................................................................214
 
I.
 
When does the State need to Intervene?................................215
 
II.
 
Material Substantial Criteria’s of Justice..............................216
 
IV.
 
Principles of Justice within the Reality of the ModernLiberal State Committed to the Social Market Economy......222
 
Chapter 5
 
Rule of Law..................................................................................227
 
A.
 
Development of the Rule of Law in the Major Western LegalTraditions.......................................................................................227
 
I.
 
Introduction:..........................................................................227
 
II.
 
The Rule of Law as Developed in the Common LawTradition in England.............................................................229
 
III.
 
Major Constitutional Conflicts of the 17
th
Century...............231
 

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