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Bio Char Stoves Innovation

Bio Char Stoves Innovation

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Published by Raymond Katabazi

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Published by: Raymond Katabazi on Apr 10, 2012
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Biochar Stoves: an innovation studies perspective
 
Sarah CarterDr Simon Shackley
UK Biochar Research Centre (UKBRC),School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh.8
th
April 2011
Supported by- IDRC-CRDI and AIT 
 
 
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Contents
1. Basic Project Information...............................................................................3Project narrative................................................................................................3Partners.............................................................................................................4Acknowledgements...........................................................................................52. The Research Problem..................................................................................5Box 1: Cooking Stoves: Key Issues and Problems............................................6What is biochar?..............................................................................................15Carbon storage............................................................................................15Soil improvement.........................................................................................16Fuel..............................................................................................................173. Objectives....................................................................................................21Participative Distributed Innovation Processes (PDIPs)..................................21Function of stove.........................................................................................23Barriers to uptake........................................................................................23Criteria for an improved design....................................................................244. Project activities and Research Methodology..............................................274.1. Project location.........................................................................................27Cambodia....................................................................................................27India.............................................................................................................27What improved stoves are available in India?..............................................27What improved stoves are available in Cambodia?.....................................284.2 Stove designs............................................................................................284.3 Stove fabrication........................................................................................294.4 The Anila Stove.........................................................................................294.5. The EverythingNice Stove (EN)................................................................304.6. The Sampada Stove.............................................................................314.7. Anderson’s (Champion) TLUD.................................................................314.8. Stove Testing Methods.............................................................................324.9. Household Baseline study.......................................................................335. Project outputs.............................................................................................345.1. Controlled stove testing............................................................................345.2. Biochar production...................................................................................395.3. User feedback of stoves’ use...................................................................39Results.........................................................................................................395.4. Use of Biochar..........................................................................................485.5. Results of Household Survey & Analysis.................................................495.6. Women’s Discussion Groups...................................................................595.7. Summary of Additional Data from Workshops and Meetings..................636. Project Outcomes........................................................................................636.1. Online resources and Webinars...............................................................636.2. Workshops...............................................................................................64Stove donations...............................................................................................647. Overall Assessment and Recommendations...............................................65References.........................................................................................................70
 
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1. Basic Project Information
Project narrative 
The project began with a presentation of the proposal and project plan at the officialmeeting ‘Launching Event and Inception Workshop’ with AIT and IDRC-CRDI inBangkok 7-10 December 2009. The project is led by the University of Edinburgh. The PIis Dr Simon Shackley and the in situ researcher Sarah Carter. Sarah designed andundertook the field work, and developed the partnerships that allowed the project to beimplemented in both Cambodia and India. Simon created the theoretical framework andhas written the interpretative and conceptual parts of the report. Implementation ofproject activities began in January 2010, and fieldwork was completed in December2010. The production of the report was undertaken in January to April 2011, and theofficial termination of the project was March 12
th
2011. Fieldwork was undertaken inCambodia between January - August 2010, and then from October - December 2010.Fieldwork was completed in India from August - October 2010. The timeline for importantevents is shown in Table 1.Table 1: Timeline of Key Project Activities and Events
Date Location Activity
18.11.2009 Project accepted7-10.12.2009 Bangkok,ThailandLaunching Event and Inception WorkshopHeld by Asian Institute of Technology18.01.2010 Project blog launchhttp://biocharinnovation.wordpress.com/  25.03.2010 Malaka,MalaysiaBiochar Malaysia Workshop. Presentation.Organised by University of Kuala Lumpur18.06.2010 Launch of UKBRC Hedon webpagehttp://hedon.info/Biochar 07.07.2010 -12.10.2010Siem Reap,CambodiaHousehold stove testing(9 HHs)07.08.2010 -26.09.2010Siem Reap,CambodiaHousehold baseline questionnaire campaign(101 questionnaires)25.08.2010 -05.10.2010Phaltan, India Household stove testing(8 HHs)28.08.2010 -04.10.2010Phaltan, India Household baseline questionnaire campaign(100 questionnaires)16-17.09.2010 Phaltan, India Workshop held: Biochar: Production & Use34 attendees29.09.2010 Phaltan, India Women’s workshop discussion group23 attendees24-29.10.2010 E discussion: Biochar; the Potential in Asia Pacific?Moderator and participanthttp://biocharm.wordpress.com/eworkshop/  22-23.11.2010 Siem Reap,CambodiaWorkshop held: Biochar: Production & Use29 attendees03.12.2010 Siem Reap,CambodiaWomen’s workshop discussion group20 attendees

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