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Food Nano Science

Food Nano Science

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Published by minika
Scientific Document from the IFT
Scientific Document from the IFT

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Published by: minika on Dec 12, 2008
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08/23/2010

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09.07www.it.orgpg
121
BY
BETTY BUGUSU & MERYL LUBRAN
IFT 2007 Annual Meeting & Food Expo Review: Food Nanoscience Conerence
 Fd Nnscinc
INterNatIoNal
he Institute o Food Technolo-gists held its 2nd InternationalFood Nanoscience conerenceon Wednesday, August 1, 2007,in conjunction with the 2007IFT Annual Meeting & FoodExpo
SM
in Chicago, Ill. More than200 participants rom industry,government, and academiaattended the conerence. Amongthe countries represented at theconerence were the United States,United Kingdom, Japan, Taiwan,the Netherlands, and Canada.The theme o the conerencewas “Nanoscale Science o Food:Opportunities and Challenges,” andthe objectives were to review thestate o nanoscale science and tech-nology research worldwide and itsapplications in ood systems; surveyand discuss potential challengesand opportunities resulting romadvancement and application o nanoscale science and technology inood; and stimulate the mainstreamood science community to engagein the exploration o a ull rangeo topics associated with potential benets and risks o ood-relatednanoscience and nanotechnologies.The conerence was sponsoredin part by IFT’s InternationalDivision, the Royal NetherlandsEmbassy, Blue Pacic FlavorsInc., and Canada’s AdvancedFoods and Materials Network.
Nanoscience Around the World
IFT President
DennisHeldman
highlighted the immenseopportunities that are possiblewith nanoscience as an evolvingscience in the areas o ood saetyand biosecurity, ood processing,ood packaging, and ingredienttechnologies. He also highlightedIFT’s role as a research championand catalyst or science and itswell-established inrastructure orcommunication and technologydissemination.
 Jochen Weiss
o the Universityo Massachusetts said that inthe U.S., nanoscale researchis coordinated by the NationalNanotechnology Initiative, amulti-agency ederal researchand development program. Foodresearch eorts are predominantlyunded by the U.S. Dept. o Agriculture. Private unding isalso increasing, as evidenced bythe number o patents granted.Advances in ood nanotechnologiesin the areas o packaging, process-ing, and ingredient technologiesare increasingly nding their wayinto ood applications. Overall, hesaid, ood nanotechnology is one o the most active research rontiersin ood science and has garneredinterest rom ood manuacturerslooking toward commercialization.
Rickey Yada
o AdvancedFoods and Materials Network/Uni-versity o Guelph, Canada, saidthat nanoscience research activitiesin Canada are managed by theAdvanced Foods and MaterialsNetwork. AFMNet, Canada’s
Conerence participants reviewthe state o nanoscale science andtechnology research and its oodapplications worldwide.
C
nfnc
 
pg
122122
09.07www.it.org
 IFT 2007 Annual Meeting & Food Expo Review: Food Nanoscience Conerence
national ood and bio-materialsresearch network, is designed todiscover new ideas and developnew biology-based technologiesthat will create new commercialopportunities. Its mission is or ahealthier Canada, and it partnerswith industry, government,not-or-prot organizations, andnational and international researchinstitutions. On-going projects arein the areas o biolms, hydrogels,cationic peptides, nutrient deliverysystems, and exploration o some o the ethical and social issues arisingrom nanoscience developments.
Vic Morris
o the Institute o Food Research, United Kingdom,said that ood nanotechnology isan emerging area o interest in theUK and Europe in general. Uses ornanoparticles are being exploredin ood and ood contact materials.There is growing interest in the useo “inert” nanoparticles in ediblecoatings and barriers, preserva-tives, antimicrobials, and mineralsupplements. The main concernrom a regulatory standpoint, hesaid, is with nanoparticles added toood, especially those that may notmetabolize, as there is inadequateinormation on potential or toxic-ity or bioaccumulation in the body.
Frans Kampers
o WageningenUR, the Netherlands, discussed
Nano4Vitality 
, a new program in theNetherlands or nanoscience in oodand health systems. Its purposeis to create application-drivennanotechnologies. Each projectwithin the program, he said, willhave an underlying business casewith an aim to apply the resultswithin three years. The majorthemes or the program are oodsaety and quality, including sensorsand analysis systems, tracking/trac-ing/monitoring devices, activepackaging, process technology, andencapsulation and delivery systems.
Shinya Ikeda
o CP Kelco, Japan, said that ood nanotechnol-ogy research in Japan is speciedas one o the priority researchtargets in the Third Science andTechnology Basic Plan that wasannounced by the government inMarch 2006, with a ocus on unc-tional oods. Tools and methods tocharacterize and measure nanoscalestructures (e.g., scanning probemicroscopes) have become increas-ingly available to ood scientists.
An-I Yeh
o National TaiwanUniversity said that research andapplications o nanotechnology inood in Taiwan started about sixyears ago. A logo or nanoproductswas launched in 2004 by the Indus-trial Bureau. The main activitiesare in academia, with a ocus on thepreparation and characterization o nanoparticles, utilization o nano-technology to enhance absorptiono active compounds in Chineseherbs, study o physiological eectso nanoparticles such as iron andcalcium, and other applications.
 Applications in Food
The session on “Nanotechnol-ogy Benets: Application Areasin Food,” moderated by
RickeyYada
o AFMNet and
Peter Given
 o Pepsi-Cola Co.,provideda, provided asummary o the developmentso potential applications. Theseinclude creation o rapid detectionmethods such as sensors or oodsaety and quality; design o high-perormance packaging mate-rials; development o processingtechnologies; and development o novel delivery systems that betterprotect unctional ingredientsand allow or controlled releaseo encapsulated compounds.
 Jeremy Tzeng
o ClemsonUniversity discussed his researchon utilizing carbohydrate biounc-tionalized nanoparticles as potentialalternatives to antibiotics or theremoval and control o oodbornepathogens. These applicationstake advantage o the pathogenic bacteria’s ability to use carbohy-drate-binding proteins (adhesions)to adhere to specic host cellreceptors (carbohydrate receptors)to initiate inection. For example,the multivalent D-mannose biounctionalized nanoparticles bound strongly with
Escherichia coli
 ORN178, which expressed FimHadhesion, resulting in signicantnanoparticle-mediated bacterialaggregations. These nanoparticlesalso have potential application in biosensor development, he said.
Gary Maki
o the University o Idaho discussed the developmento a biosensor or detection o theood pathogen
Staphylococcus aureus.
He stressed the importance o integrating diverse disciplines such
Working Group Develops Plan
 I
FT’s Food Nanoscience Working Group recently developed its long- term strategic plan. The goal o the working group is to acilitate theacquisition, generation, and communication o technical and saetydevelopments o nanoscale materials or ood applications in order toadvance the pursuit o scientic endeavors, encourage collaborationamong organizations with interest in ood nanoscience, and infuenceregulatory agencies, consumers, and the general public’s decision mak-ing regarding nanoscience and ood.The group’s objectives are to position IFT as a leader in the commu-nity o researchers exploring the nanoscale science o ood and provide aorum or stakeholder engagement; to leverage partnerships with leadingnanoscience research and policy institutions to encourage collaborationand exchange o inormation, and to advocate or increased unding ornanoscale science o ood.More inormation is available at http://members.it.org/IFT/Communi- ties/Committees/Food+Nanoscience+Working+Group/.
 
09.07www.it.orgpg
123
as surace chemistry, organicchemistry, molecular biology,and electronics to achievesignicant advancementsin the area o ood-relatednanotechnology.
Tara McHugh
o the West-ern Regional Research Centerand Processed Foods ResearchUnit o USDA’s AgriculturalResearch Service discussed theapplication o nanoscience inood packaging. She mentionedsuch diverse uses as control o gas permeability; incorporationo antimicrobials; integrationo nanosensors or detectiono chemicals, pathogens, andtoxins; and repelling o dirt.Among the commercializedtechnologies are nanocompositematerials used or improvedstrength, barrier properties,and stability to heat and cold,and use o silver nanoparticlesor antimicrobial activity.Future applications include useo nanosensors in ood packagesto detect chemicals, pathogens,and toxins in oods and use o radiorequency identicationtags in intelligent packaging.
Charles Brain
o IngredientInnovations Internationalgave an overview o hownanoscience could be used toenhance ood, dietary supple-ments, and cosmetics. He alsodescribed specic benetso nanoscience ingredienttechnology, including excellentdispersion and suspension o water-insoluble ingredientsin water-based products;reduced interaction withother ingredients in a product;reduced oxidation o sensitiveingredients; controlled release;and improved bioavailability.
Lekh Juneja
o TaiyoKagaku Ltd. discussed theconcept o its Nutrient DeliverySystem in the development o products currently marketedin Japan. Using NDS, Taiyohas been able to overcomeissues related to nutrient or-tication, such as taste, avor,stability, solubility, saety, and bioavailability. One successstory was iron orticationo milk products in Japan.
 John Dutcher
o theUniversity o Guelph discussedthe importance o understand-ing complex properties o oodsand ood materials using a com- bination o experimental andcomputational techniques at thenanoscale level. He stressed theimportance o multidisciplinaryresearch, an approach used by AFMNet that is necessaryand critical to the successuland efcient development o oods and ood products, aswell as novel ood applicationsusing science and technologyat the nanoscale level.
Daniel S. Kohane
(shownin photo above) o the Labora-tory or Biomaterials and DrugDelivery at the MassachusettsGeneral Hospital o HarvardMedical School discussed biomedical drug-deliverysystems based on micro- andnanoparticles. He providedseveral examples o how thedierence in size betweenthose two types o particlesaects distribution and efcacyo a drug and the implica-tions regarding ormulationand perormance. He alsoreviewed the scope o applica-tions or systemic and localdelivery/use and addressedsome o the challenges thatace the eld, such as thepotential ability o nanopar-ticles to penetrate cells.
  The dierence in size between[micro- and nanoparticles] aectsdistribution and efcacy o a drugand [has] implications regardingormulation and perormance.
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