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Himpunan

Himpunan

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Published by: Sebastianus Adi Santoso Mola on Apr 10, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/26/2013

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9/2/20101
HIMPUNAN
Himpunan (
set 
)
Himpunan (
set 
) adalah kumpulan objek-objek yang
berbeda 
.,
unsur
, atau
anggota
.
Cara Penyajian Himpunan
Enumerasi
Simbol-simbol Baku 
Diagram Venn
 
9/2/20102
Enumerasi
Contoh
-Himpunanempatbilanganaslipertama:
A
= {1, 2, 3, 4}.-Himpunanlima bilangangenappositifpertama:
= {2, 4, 6, 8, 10}.-
= {kucing,
, Amir, 10, paku}
 
-
= {
,
, {
,
, c}, {
,
} }-
= {
, {
}, {{
}} }-
= { {} }-Himpunan100 buahbilanganaslipertama: {1, 2, ..., 100 }-Himpunanbilanganbulatditulissebagai{…, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, …}.
Keanggotaan
A
:
merupakan anggota himpunan
A
;
Enumerasi
 himpunan
A
.
Enumerasi
Contoh
Misalkan:
A
= {1, 2, 3, 4},
= {
,
, {
,
, c}, {
,
} }
= {{}}maka3
A
5
A
{
,
,
}
{}
{}
 
9/2/20103
Enumerasi
Contoh
Bila
1 = {
,
},
2 = { {
,
} },
3 = {{{
,
}}}maka
1
2
1
2
1
3
2
3
Simbol-simbol Baku
P
= himpunanbilanganbulatpositif= { 1, 2, 3, ...}
N
= himpunanbilanganalami(natural) = { 1, 2, ...}
Z
= himpunanbilanganbulat={...,-2, -1, 0, 1, 2,...}
 
Q
= himpunanbilanganrasional
R
= himpunanbilanganriil
C
= himpunanbilangankompleks
I
= himpunanbilanganirasional
Simbol-simbol Baku
Himpunan yang universal:
semesta
,disimbolkan dengan U.
Contoh: Misalkan U = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5} dan
A
adalah himpunan bagian dari U,dengan
A
= {1, 3, 5}.

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