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Daily Star

Daily Star

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Published by idno1008

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Published by: idno1008 on Apr 11, 2012
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 Saturday, July 4, 2009
Migraine miseries and itsmanagement
 A migraine headache is a different form of headache usually throbbing or pulsating typeand often associated with nausea; vomiting; sensitivity to light, sound, and smells; sleepdisruption; and depression. Most of the episodes of headache occur in one side of head andattacks are often recurrent.
 What are the types of migraine?
Migraines are classified according to the symptoms they produce. The two most common types are migraine with aura (warning sensation before episode) and migraine without aura. Less common types include thefollowing:* Abdominal migraine (abdominal symptoms in children),* Basilar artery migraine (Headache affecting back side of brain),* Headache-free migraine (aura without headache),* Ocular migraine (Headache affecting the eyes),* Status migrainosus (intense headache lasting over 72 hours),* Menstrual migraines (headaches just prior to or during menstruation).
Cause and incidence of migraine
The cause of migraine is unknown. The condition may result from a series of reactions in the central nervoussystem caused by changes in the body or in the environment.
There is often a family history of the disorder, suggesting that migraine sufferers may inherit sensitivity totriggers that produce inflammation in the blood vessels and nerves around the brain and scalp, causing pain.Migraines may occur at any age, but usually begin between the ages of 10 and 40 and diminish after age 50.Some people experience several migraines a month, while others have only a few migraines throughout theirlifetime. Approximately 75 percent of migraine sufferers are female.
Migraine triggers
Commonly identified migraine triggers that initiate a process or reaction include the following:1) Environmental factors (e.g., weather, altitude, time zone changes)2) Foods that contain caffeine (e.g., coffee, chocolate), monosodium glutamate (MSG; found in Chinesefood), and nitrates (e.g., processed foods, hot dogs)3) Glare, contrasting patterns4) Hormonal changes in women5) Hunger6) Exertion7) Lack of sleep8) Medications (over-the-counter and prescription)9) Perfume10) Stress11) Alcohol (e.g., red wine)
Signs and symptoms
 A migraine headache is throbbing or pulsating pain typically begins in a specific area on one side of the head,then spreads and builds in intensity over 1 to 2 hours and then gradually subsides. It can last up to 24 hoursand in some cases for several days. The attack is debilitating, and migraine sufferers are often left feelingtired and weak once the headache has passed.

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